Cathal Brugha Street
The street runs eastwards from near the Parnell Square end of Upper O'Connell Street, crossing Marlborough Street and changing name to Seán Macdermott Street Upper at the junction with Cumberland Street North and Champions Avenue.
Creation and name
The original Cathal Brugha Street was the section west of Marlborough Street, which was created as part of the reconstruction of Dublin after the damage of the Irish revolutionary period of 1916–23, which destroyed much of the vicinity. The pre-existing Findlater Place (originally Gregg's Lane) ran at an angle between O'Connell Street and Marlborough Street, to the north of St. Thomas's Church of Ireland church, which fronted on Marlborough Street and was destroyed in the revolution. The new street was at right angles to O'Connell Street and Marlborough Street, intersecting the north-east stub of Findlater Place, and running south of the rebuilt St. Thomas Church to align with Gloucester Street (renamed Seán Macdermott Street in 1932 after Seán MacDermott).
Originally the street had no official name, because Dublin Corporation was dissolved in 1924 and replaced by unelected commissioners. During the Civil War, anti-Treaty leader Cathal Brugha had been shot dead near by on O'Connell Street, and the unofficial name "Cathal Brugha Street" gained currency with locals. It was officially adopted by the revived Corporation in 1932.
In 1992, the next block east of Marlborough Street was redesignated from Seán Macdermott Street to Cathal Brugha Street by the Corporation, after a plebiscite of local ratepayers. The abutting plots were derelict and Seán Macdermott Street was a byword for urban deprivation and crime; it was hoped the rename would aid urban renewal investment, and a private apartment block was built on the renamed section, named "Gresham House" after the Gresham Hotel on O'Connell Street.
The street is best known as the location of DIT School of Culinary Arts and Food Technology, formerly the College of Catering, and widely referred to simply as "Cathal Brugha Street". It was designed by Robinson and Keefe Architects as an Institute for Women's work, and incorporates many of the features used in their earlier Technical School and Library in Marino Mart, Fairview. The sculpture at the corner of the building nearest O'Connell Street by Hayes, shows women displaying the skills learned in the College, such as knitting. DIT put the building up for sale at €20m in 2016 in preparation for moving to its Grangegorman Development Agency campus.
- Official Dublin street guide: city & district (10th ed.). Dublin: Ordnance Survey Ireland. 2013. p. 71. ISBN 1908852208.
- "The O'Connell Street Architectural Conservation Area" (PDF). Dublin City Council. 2001. pp. 16–17, 24. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- MacCready, Christopher Teeling (1892). "Findlater's-pl." (PDF). Dublin Street Names, dated and explained (PDF). Dublin: Hodges Figgis. p. 36. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- Shaffrey, Maura (1988). "Sackville Street / O'Connell Street" (PDF). Irish Arts Review (Yearbook): 148.
Businesses such as Findlaters, after which Gregg's Lane was renamed
- "Map sheet DN018-07 centred on Findlater Place, surveyed in 1907". 25-inch map. Ordnance Survey. June 1911. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Conboy, Séamus (Autumn 2011). "Changing Dublin Street Names, 1880's to 1940's". Dublin Historical Record. Old Dublin Society. 64 (2): 217. JSTOR 23365130. (subscription required (. ))
- "A road by any other name". The Irish Times. 24 October 1992. p. 40. Retrieved 12 July 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- "St Thomas Church of Ireland". ireland.archiseek.com. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- Flanagan, Peter (2 March 2016). "DIT catering college put on the block for up to €20m". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
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