Catharina of Württemberg
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|Catharina of Württemberg|
A portrait of Queen Catharina in 1807
|Queen consort of Westphalia|
|Tenure||22 August 1807 - 26 October 1813|
|Born||21 February 1783
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
|Died||29 November 1835
|Burial||Ludwigsburg Palace Church|
|Issue||Jérôme Napoléon Charles Bonaparte
Prince Napoléon Bonaparte
|Father||Frederick I of Württemberg|
|Mother||Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
Catharina was born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, to the later King Frederick I of Württemberg and Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. When she was five years old, her mother died and her father married her mother's first cousin Charlotte, Princess Royal.
Marriage and subsequent life
Catharina became Jérôme Bonaparte's second wife when they married on 22 August 1807 at the Royal Palace of Fontainebleau in France. Upon marriage, she became queen consort of the Kingdom of Westphalia. When the kingdom was dissolved after the downfall of the Napoleonic Empire, she followed her husband into exile.
She and her husband had the following children:
- Jérôme Napoléon Charles Bonaparte (1814–1847), served in the army of his maternal uncle, King William I of Württemberg.
- Princess Mathilde Bonaparte (1820–1904), was prominent during and after the Second Empire as a hostess to men of arts and letters.
- Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte (1822–1891), was a close advisor to his cousin Napoleon III and, in particular, was seen as a leading advocate of French intervention in Italy and of the Italian nationalists.
Titles and styles
- 21 February 1783 - 26 December 1805: Her Serene Highness Duchess Catharina of Württemberg
- 26 December 1805 - 22 August 1807: Her Royal Highness Princess Catharina of Württemberg
- 22 August 1807 - 26 October 1813: Her Majesty The Queen of Westphalia
- 26 October 1813 - 11 April 1814: Her Imperial Highness French Princess Catharina Napoléon
- 11 April 1814 - July 1816: Cathérine Bonaparte
- July 1816 - 29 November 1835: Her Royal Highness The Princess von Montfort
Media related to Catharina of Württemberg at Wikimedia Commons
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