Cathedral performing live at the Wacken Open Air festival in 2009
|Genres||Doom metal, stoner metal, heavy metal|
|Labels||Columbia/Sony, Dream Catcher, Earache, Nuclear Blast, Rise Above, Southern Lord, Ultimatum, Spitfire, Relativity|
|Associated acts||Napalm Death, Acid Reign, Firebird, Pentagram, Place of Skulls, Chrome Hoof, The Crunched, Black Sabbath|
|Past members||Adam Lehan
Mark Ramsey Wharton
Cathedral were a doom metal band from Coventry, England. The group gained attention upon release of its debut album, Forest of Equilibrium, which is considered a classic of the genre. However, the band's sound evolved quickly and began to adopt characteristics of 70s metal and hard rock. After releasing ten full-length albums and touring extensively for over two decades, Cathedral broke up after the release of The Last Spire in 2013.
In 1989, Lee Dorrian left Napalm Death because he was reportedly tiring of the punk scene and did not like the death metal direction which Napalm Death was taking. Cathedral was formed after Lee Dorrian and Mark Griffiths (a Carcass roadie) met and discussed their love for doom bands like Black Sabbath, Candlemass, Pentagram, Trouble, and Witchfinder General. The band was founded in 1989 by Dorrian, Griffiths and Garry Jennings (formerly of thrash metal band Acid Reign). Dorrian was the only founding member to remain with Cathedral for its duration, although Jennings' departure ultimately proved to be temporary.
We weren’t deliberately trying to be pop stars or anything like that, so playing that game just felt very surreal. We weren't exactly comfortable with it. We were an underground band one minute and the next minute they were trying to present us as the next Black Crowes. Can you imagine recording Forest of Equilibrium and a major label wanted to sign you on the strength of that? It was fairly bizarre. I guess heavy music was reaching some kind of pinnacle back then. Death metal had reached its pinnacle back then – at least its creative pinnacle so maybe they saw us as being the next step after that.
Cathedral's major label debut, The Ethereal Mirror, was noted by Jason Birchmeier of Allmusic for its experimentation, upbeat tempos, and groove-laden guitar riffs. After releasing The Ethereal Mirror in 1993, Cathedral was dropped by Columbia the following year. The band resumed its relationship with Earache Records, which lasted until 2001. During this time, Cathedral released four full-length albums that continued to explore faster rhythms and 70s-hard rock-influenced guitar riffs before returning to a relatively slow cadence for Endtyme in 2001. Cathedral then signed with Dream Catcher Records and released The VIIth Coming. After releasing a single album on Dream Catcher, Cathedral signed to Nuclear Blast for their final three albums. These albums included the "inspired" and "quirky" but "uneven" The Garden of Unearthly Delights, the double-disc The Guessing Game, which was touted as the "most psychedelic, progressive material in the band's entire catalog" and the "true doom" of the band's farewell album, The Last Spire.
While Cathedral had contemplated disbanding in the past, most recently after the release of The Garden of Unearthly Delights in 2006, on 6 February 2011, Cathedral announced that they would disband after the release of The Last Spire in April 2013. Dorrian explained that "It's simply time for us to bow out. Twenty one years is a very long time and it's almost a miracle that we managed to come this far!" Cathedral played their last show in front of a small crowd in Perth, Western Australia during the Soundwave 2012 tour.
Cathedral's releases have been marked by sharp shifts in style. While Forest of Equilibrium was firmly entrenched in a slow, heavy doom sound, elements of 70s metal and groovier riffs entered its sound beginning with the Soul Sacrifice EP. By the time that The Ethereal Mirror was released, the band had incorporated diversified its references to 1970s music, including the disco influences heard on "Midnight Mountain".
As Dorrian explains, the band's original sound was a product of the immediate musical environment combined with the band members' influences:
When we first started, the music of Cathedral was a lot more extreme than it is now, a lot more morose and depressing, because that's how we felt at the time. We'd all come out of the death metal scene, or the grindcore scene or whatever, and I was just as much into the slower stuff as I was into the faster stuff. I just wanted to do something a bit different, so we took all our influences like Vitus and Pentagram and the Obsessed and stuff and decided to take that kind of music one step further, bring it into the 90's, make it more extreme, more heavy and downtuned than any of those bands had done before. That was our first and foremost ambition, and I think we probably achieved that when we did our first album.
Beginning with the Soul Sacrifice EP, the band began to incorporate a diverse array of 70s influences into its sound. With 2001's Endtyme, Cathedral re-introduced the slower, doomy elements that had not been as prevalent on its previous four albums.
The Guessing Game represented another development in the band's sound, with Cathedral's progressive and psychedelic influences coming to the forefront. For Dorrian, the album's direction was a result of the fact that:
This time on the record it seemed like we've come to the point where we feel confident enough to bring these influences to the fore. Because we also feel that we've got nothing to lose as well, after all this time. We've got nothing to prove as much as we've got nothing to lose. I just think we went for it, we didn't really think too hard about what the consequences would be, but I don’t think we went stupidly too far into the realms of progressive rock myself, it's just the right balance between that and everything else that the band's about.
Remarking on Cathedral's penchant for evolving its sound, Dorrian said:
I just think it’s important for a band like us, if we have all these influences and aspects of things we like, to be a bit more adventurous and make it interesting for ourselves as much as the audience. It might confuse a lot of people, I understand that, but that’s not a deliberate intention at all. We just want to make good music to the best of our abilities. We’re not the most musical band in the world, I admit that. We just want to push ourselves and stretch ourselves and contain an element of freedom of expression in our sound. I guess that’s why we look back on a lot of older bands, because they were so unrestricted, and things are too restricted and categorized these days. If you think about a band like Cathedral, how would you categorize us? I don’t know. I don’t know what box you could put us in, and that’s something I’m quite happy with. Try and put me in a box and I jump out of it.
- Lee Dorrian - Vocals (1989–2013)
- Garry Jennings - Guitars (1989–2013), Bass (1993–1994), Keyboards (1994–1996)
- Brian Dixon - Drums (1994–2013)
- Scott Carlson - Bass (2011–2013; touring - 1995)
- Adam Lehan - Guitar (1989–1994)
- Mark Griffiths - Bass (1989–1993)
- Ben Mochrie - Drums (1989-1991)
- Mike Smail - Drums (1991-1992)
- Mark Ramsey Wharton - Drums (1992–1994), Keyboards (1992)
- Leo Smee - Bass (1994–2011)
- Victor Griffin - Guitar (1994)
- Joe Hasselvander - Drums (1994)
- Dave Hornyak - Drums (1995)
- Max Edwards - Bass (2003–2004)
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions||Sales|
|Forest of Equilibrium||
|The Ethereal Mirror||
|The Carnival Bizarre||
|Supernatural Birth Machine||
|Caravan Beyond Redemption||
|The VIIth Coming||
|The Garden of Unearthly Delights||
|The Guessing Game||
|The Last Spire||
|"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.|
|Hopkins (The Witchfinder General)||
|Live in London||
|A New Ice Age||
|Demo No. 2: Forest of Equilibrium sessions||
|Vengeance of the Blind Dead (Flexi Version)||2013|
|The Serpent's Gold||
|Rock Hard Presents: Gods of Grind||
|Cutting Through Columbia Hard Music||
|Gods of Grind||
|New Metal Messiahs!||
|Our God Has Landed'||
||Forest Of Equilibrium|
|1992||"Autumn Twilight"||Jefferson Spady||Soul Sacrifice|
|1993||"Midnight Mountain"||James McBride||The Ethereal Mirror|
|1995||"Hopkins (The Witchfinder General)"||
|1996||"Stained Glass Horizon"||
||Supernatural Birth Machine|
||Caravan Beyond Redemption|
|2013||"Tower Of Silence"||Paraffin City Productions||The Last Spire|
- "Cathedral-The Last Spire". Exclaim!. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Sharpe-Young, Gary. "MusicMight: Artists: Cathedral". MusicMight. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- "True Doom," 2006, p. 52.
- Cook, Toby. "We're Really Not That Positive: Cathedral Interviewed". The Quietus. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Gitter, Mike (26 April 2013). "Cathedral’s Lee Dorrian on the Band Ending, How Their Former Label Tried to Make Them the Next Black Crowes". Noisecreep. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- Birchmeier, Jason. "Cathedral The Ethereal Mirror". Allmusic. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Cathedral Endtyme". Allmusic. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Cathedral The Garden of Unearthly Delights". Allmusic. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Freeman, Phil. "Cathedral The Guessing Game". Allmusic. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Brown, Dean. "Cathedral - The Last Spire". Scratch the Surface. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Doran, John (19 May 2011). "Lee Dorrian Discusses The End Of Cathedral". The Quietus. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "Cathedral Announces Plans To Disband". Blabbermouth.net. 6 February 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- Birchmeier, Jason. "Cathedral - Soul Sacrifice EP". Allmusic. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Birchmeier, Jason. "Cathedral - The Ethereal Mirror". Allmusic. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Kitchens, Fitted (1999-05-15). "CATHEDRAL". FKOTLD on-line. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- Yardley, Miranda. "Cathedral Discography – Lee Dorrian talks Terrorizer through". Terrorizer (magazine). Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Begrand, Adrien. "Cathedral: Keep 'em Guessing". Popmatters. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Cathedral Interview with Lee Dorrian: "Put Me in a Box and I Jump out of It"". The Obelisk. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Doom Top Tens: The Depths of Doom" (2006). Terrorizer, 144, 52–53.
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