Cathedral Gardens

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Cathedral Gardens, Manchester

Cathedral Gardens is an open space in Manchester city centre, in North West England. It is bounded by Victoria railway station to the north, Chetham's School of Music to the west, the perimeter of Manchester Cathedral and The Triangle on Fennel Street to the south and Urbis to the east.

Earliest history[edit]

The area around the Cathedral in 1650
Cathedral Gardens and Urbis at night

Until the Industrial Revolution, Manchester was little more than a small market town, and the town was centred on the cathedral. The area where Cathedral Gardens now stands was enclosed by small cottages. During the Industrial Revolution Manchester expanded rapidly, and its centre shifted further south. Cathedral Gardens is overlooked by Chetham's Library, part of the Chetham's School of Music, where Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote.

After Victoria station was built in the 1860s, the site housed travellers, hotels and shops until urban planning in the 1980s, demolished the hotel which faced south on Fennel Street and the Corn Exchange. The site was used as a car park until the regeneration of Manchester city centre.

Manchester IRA bombing[edit]

The Provisional IRA planted bombs on mainland British cities for thirty years. Manchester was targeted in the 1990s, which culminated in the Manchester IRA bombing on 15 June 1996.

The bomb exploded on a Saturday morning while Manchester was hosting the 1996 UEFA European Football Championship and was the largest bombing on British soil. It created devastation for half a mile around the explosion site. The Marks and Spencer store was damaged beyond repair but nobody was killed.

Manchester Arena bombing[edit]

At around 22:35 on 22 May 2017 an explosion at the nearby Manchester Arena killed 19 people and injured at least 50.[1] A controlled explosion was carried out in Cathedral Gardens between 01:00 and 01:30 by Greater Manchester Police to destroy a non-suspicious item which had been recovered from the arena. It was later confirmed that this was discarded clothing which was destroyed as a precautionary measure.[2]

Regeneration[edit]

After the bombing, the government, granted Manchester City Council several million pounds to redevelop the most damaged sites in the city. After an International competition, several architects were charged with creating an accessible open space linking St Anne’s Square to the Cathedral. After the completion of the new Marks and Spencer flagship store (then the largest in the world) and the Urbis gallery, Cathedral Gardens was opened to the public.

Layout[edit]

Cathedral Gardens comprises wide areas of grassy plots, surrounded by paved walking areas and stylised concrete sitting areas. On the west side, is a short water feature.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Manchester Arena blast: 19 dead and about 50 hurt". BBC News. 2017-05-23. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  2. ^ "BREAKING: Police carry out controlled explosion after Manchester terror attack kills 19". Dailystar.co.uk. 2017-05-23. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  3. ^ Cathedral Gardens, Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment, archived from [http:/www.cabe.org.uk/case-studies/cathedral-gardens the original] Check |url= value (help) on 18 January 2011, retrieved 6 June 2012 
  4. ^ Cathedral Gardens, Manchester, BDP, retrieved 6 June 2012 

Coordinates: 53°29′08″N 2°14′34″W / 53.48556°N 2.24278°W / 53.48556; -2.24278