Cathedral Gorge State Park
|Cathedral Gorge State Park|
Columns and spires eroded into a bentonite formation
|Location||Lincoln County, Nevada, United States|
|Nearest town||Panaca, Nevada|
|Area||1,792.24 acres (7.2529 km2)|
|Elevation||4,819 ft (1,469 m)|
|Designation||Nevada state park|
|Administrator||Nevada Division of State Parks|
|Website||Cathedral Gorge State Park|
Cathedral Gorge State Park is a public recreation area and geologic preserve featuring a dramatic landscape of eroded soft bentonite clay covering more than 1,600 acres (650 ha) in Lincoln County, Nevada. The state park is located along U.S. Route 93 at the west end of State Route 319, two miles (3.2 km) northwest of the town of Panaca.
The site has been popular with local picnickers since the nineteenth century, when it was known as Cathedral Gulch. During the 1920s, its dramatic landscape provided a background for open-air plays and annual Easter ceremonies. Governor James Scrugham began acquiring and setting aside the area for preservation in 1924. It subsequently became one of the four original Nevada state parks created in 1935. Members of the Civilian Conservation Corps built picnicking facilities that are still in use as well as a stone water tower and stone restroom which are no longer in operation.
The park sits at an elevation of 4,800 feet (1,500 m) above sea level, and is typically arid with semi-hot summers, and very cold winters. In the summer, temperatures range roughly from 95 °F (35 °C) in midday to 55 °F (13 °C) at night. Rainfall is variable and thunderstorms prevalent.
A majority of Meadow Valley (which lies along U.S. Route 93 from the towns of Caliente to Panaca) was covered by a freshwater lake nearly 1 million years ago during the Pliocene Era. The richly colored canyons of Cathedral Gorge (called the Panaca Formation) are remnants of this ancient lakebed. Over centuries, the lake began to gradually drain. Erosion began working away at the exposed portions of sediment and gravel that once composed the lake bottom. Rainwater and melting snow carved rivulets in the soft siltstone and clay shale, splitting tiny cracks and fissures into larger and larger gullies and canyons.
In areas below the eroded escarpment (dubbed the "Badland") it is difficult for plant life to take root in the constantly eroding clay. However, away from the clay, the park's diverse soil types allow various plant associations to grow. Fragile sand dunes are held firm thanks to a wide array of wildflowers and grasses, such as dune primroses and Indian ricegrass. Within the valley center, clay, sand, and gravel have melded to form a rich, granulated soil that encourages the growth of the following species: narrowleaf yucca, juniper trees, barberry sagebrush, greasewood, white sage, shadscale, four-winged saltbush. Rabbitbrush finds sanctuary in disturbed areas, such as roadsides and walkways. Very few species of cactus can tolerate the climate in Cathedral Gorge, where temperatures in winter can fall below freezing, and rise above 100 °F (38 °C) in summer. Other trees, not native to the park, have been planted around the campground to provide shade.
Small mammals form a majority of the park's animal population: black-tailed jackrabbits, cottontail rabbits, coyotes, gophers, kangaroo rats, kit foxes, mice, and skunks. Deer can be observed infrequently near Miller Point during the late fall and winter. Birds are seen frequently around camp areas and near dense patches of shrubs. The natives include blackbirds, black-throated sparrows, finches, American kestrels, small hawks, ravens, roadrunners, American robins, sapsuckers, and introduced European starlings. Migratory birds include bluebirds, cedar waxwings, hummingbirds, and warblers. Various species of non-poisonous snakes and lizards are abundant. In the summer, the Great Basin rattlesnake may be spotted.
Activities and amenities
Known locally as "caves," the park's extremely narrow slot canyons were cut from the mud that lay at the bottom of the lake millions of years ago. Explorers can crawl through tunnels to discover hidden chambers in the network of canyons which offer some coolness in the summer heat.
(one-way, unless loop)
|Bullionville Trail||0.2 miles (0.3 km)||Easy walk from visitor center to Bullionville Cemetery|
|Nature Loop||0.5 miles (0.8 km)||Leads from campground to slot canyons in the day-use area, crossing two washes; interprative nature signs|
|Juniper Draw Loop||3 miles (4.8 km)||Flat, sandy loop following formations around the valley floor|
|Miller Point Trail||1 mile (1.6 km)||Moderate canyon trail with stairs to Miller Point|
|Eagle Point Trail||0.8 miles (1.3 km)||Follows a ridge line to a bird’s-eye view of the entire park|
|New Ridge-line Trail||4.2 miles (6.8 km)||Splits from the Juniper Draw Trail, winds through formations, then follows the ridge-line around the park|
Park facilities include a 22-site campground, ADA-accessible sites, group use area, restrooms and showers. A regional visitor center at the park entrance has interpretive displays and information about other parks in the area.
- "Cathedral Gorge State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Inventory of State Lands" (PDF). Nevada Division of State Lands. April 27, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
- "Cathedral Gorge State Park". Nevada State Parks. Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- "Cathedral Gorge". KNPR Along the Way. Nevada Public Radio. January 19, 2000. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- Federal Writers' Project (1940). Nevada: A Guide to the Silver State. American Guide Series. San Antonio, Tex.: Trinity University Press. p. 175. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- "Park History". Cathedral Gorge State Park. Nevada State Parks. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Renee Corona Kolvet; Victoria Ford (2006). The Civilian Conservation Corps in Nevada: From Boys to Men. University of Nevada Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-87417-676-6. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- "Cathedral Gorge State Park". DesertUSA. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- National Geographic Society (2011). National Geographic Guide to State Parks of the United States (4th ed.). p. 354. ISBN 1426208898. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- "Park Map" (PDF). Cathedral Gorge State Park. Nevada State Parks. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
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