Cathedral of Christ the Light (Oakland, California)
|Cathedral of Christ the Light|
|Location||2121 Harrison St.|
|Dedication||September 25, 2008|
|Architect(s)||Craig W. Hartman|
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
|Architectural type||Modern architecture|
Late 20th century abstract
|Materials||ceramic frit, concrete, Douglas fir, glass frit, steel|
|Diocese||Diocese of Oakland|
|Bishop(s)||Michael C. Barber, SJ|
The Cathedral of Christ the Light, also called Oakland Cathedral, is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland in Oakland, California. It is the seat of the Bishop of Oakland. Christ the Light, the first cathedral built entirely in the 21st century, replaces the Cathedral of Saint Francis de Sales, irreparably damaged in the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989.
The Cathedral of Christ the Light Complex, as a larger cathedral center, is composed of the cathedral church, the chancery office of the bishop's curia, a conference center, rectory (priests' residence), Order of Malta Northern California Health Clinic (which provides free diagnostic services to people without health insurance), and a mausoleum. The mausoleum features twelve crypts reserved for the bishops of Oakland and burial sites available to the members of the diocese for a comparable price to the other Catholic cemeteries in the diocese. The cathedral center also houses City Lights Cafe and the Cathedral Shop, as well as a public plaza and garden.
The Cathedral of Christ the Light was designed by architect Craig W. Hartman, of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. The Catholic Cathedral Corporation of the East Bay, the incorporated owner of the cathedral, chose Webcor Builders as the general contractor of cathedral construction.
Originally planned in 2000 under the direction of Bishop John Stephen Cummins and broken ground on May 21, 2005, Christ the Light was consecrated and dedicated by Bishop Allen Henry Vigneron on September 25, 2008. On All Souls' Day November 2, the mausoleum was dedicated and the first Bishop of Oakland, Floyd Lawrence Begin, was reburied in one of its crypts.
The Catholic Cathedral Corporation of the East Bay instituted a design competition for Christ the Light. Various designs were judged and the corporation announced Santiago Calatrava, of Valencia, Spain as the winner. He designed the post–September 11 World Trade Center Port Authority Trans-Hudson station in New York City. Calatrava's design for The Cathedral of Christ the Light was chosen before a site was appropriated for the project.
By the time a site was chosen, a parking lot formerly dedicated to the construction of the tallest building in Oakland, Calatrava's design fell out of favor and was instead replaced by a design of competition runner-up Craig W. Hartman of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill offices in San Francisco.
Hartman, designer of the international terminal at San Francisco International Airport, created a 20th-century abstract building from the family of styles developed by architects like Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, famous for creating steel shapes filled with glass. Hartman's vision for The Cathedral of Christ the Light was likened to the image of a bishop's mitre, shaped by steel and filled with glass frit.
The worship space in The Cathedral of Christ the Light is a vesica piscis shape (translated into English means fish bladder), the shape formed by the intersection of two circles. The walls are composed of overlapping panels of wood and glass rising skyward to form the vault, much like the scales of a fish. The design is inspired by the miracle of the loaves and the fishes in Christian tradition, among other motifs. The Oakland Tribune wrote of the Hartman's description of light, "The design allows light to filter in, reminiscent of how light filters through a canopy of tall redwood trees in a wooded glade, Hartman said".
A small garden on The Cathedral of Christ the Light's grounds is intended to serve as a place of healing for survivors of clergy sexual abuse. Designed by a Survivors' Group in collaboration with the Oakland Diocese and famed architect Dr. Aryan Sarkar, the garden features a basalt sculpture and a plaque inscribed "This healing garden, planned by survivors, is dedicated to those innocents sexually abused by members of the clergy. We remember, and we affirm: never again."
- Great Organ C-c4: Double Diapason 16', First Diapason 8', Second Diapason 8', Harmonic Flute 8', Salicional 8', Chimney Flute 8', Principal 4', Open Flute 4', Fifteenth 2', Mixture IV-V 2-2/3', Sharp Mixture III 1', Cornet III 2-2/3', Trumpet 8', Trompeta de luz 8', Tremulant
- Solo Organ C-c4: Doppel Flute 8', Viole d'Orchestre 8', Viole Celeste 8', Clarinet 8', English Horn 8' Tuba 8', Trompeta de luz 8', Tremulant
- Swell Organ C-c4: Gamba 16', Open Diapason 8', Gamba 8', Voix Celeste 8', Bourdon 8', Principal 4', Spire Flute 4', Nazard 2-2/3', Flageolet 2', Tierce 1-3/5', Mixture V 2', Double Trumpet 16', Trumpet 8', Hautboy 8', Clarion 4', Tremulant
- Choir Organ C-c4: Violonbass 16', Open Diapason 8', Violoncello 8', Cello Celeste 8', Spindle Flute 8', Principal 4', Fifteenth 2', Mixture IV-V 1-1/3', Fagotto 16', Trumpet 8', Clarion 4', Tremulant
- Bombarde Organ C-c4: Double Diapason 16’, Open Diapason 8’, Quint 5-1/3’, Principal 4’, Full Mixture V-VII 2-2/3’, Bombarde 16’, Trompette 8’, Clarion 4’, Trompeta de luz 8’
- Echo Choir Organ C-c4: Lieblich Gedackt 16', Principal 8', Chimney Flute 8', Dolce Flute 8', Flute Celeste 8', Traverse Flute 4', Piccolo 2', Larigot 1-1/3', Oboe 8', Vox Humana 8', Tremulant
- Pedal Organ C-g1: Contra Bourdon 32', Open Wood 16', Double Diapason 16', Bourdon 16', Subbass 16', Violonbass 16', Gamba 16', Lieblich Gedackt 16', Quint 10-2/3', Open Diapason 8', Bourdon 8', Violoncello 8', Gamba 8', Lieblich Gedackt 8', Quint 5-1/3', Principal 4', Nachthorn 4', Open Flute 2', Mixture V 2-2/3', Contra Trombone 32', Bombarde 16', Trombone 16', Fagotto 16', Trompette 8', Fagotto 8', Clairon 4', Schalmey 4', Trompeta de luz 8', Tremulant
Costs and criticism
The Catholic Cathedral Corporation of the East Bay was an outgrowth of a February 2000 meeting of representatives from parishes of the Diocese of Oakland. The summit reached consensus to proceed with the planning of a new cathedral. The newly incorporated Catholic Cathedral Corporation of the East Bay, a non-profit organization independent of the chancery of the Diocese of Oakland, began soliciting donations for its Cathedral Campaign.
Despite considerable support, the Cathedral Campaign gained critics concerned with its price tag for construction increasing from $131 million in 2003, when the design was chosen, to an estimated $190 million in 2007, to $175 million, reduced by cost-cutting measures in the final year. Some questioned whether the money should not have been spent more appropriately elsewhere. Proponents countered that the Diocese of Oakland spends $350 million on social services and education annually while the $175 million cost of the cathedral would be spread over three years of construction and four years of design. They also noted that the cathedral was financed by donations solicited specifically for the project. Suggestions were made to use the donations for other projects instead, like those administered by the diocese to help the poor or to build new schools.
In 2005, concerns over the price were magnified when the Diocese of Oakland, due to its reduced finances, was required to take out a loan to cover half its $56.4 million settlement with 56 sex abuse victims. The diocese announced in January 2007 that the fundraising campaign for a new Catholic high school in Livermore would be halted temporarily to allow officials to focus on raising money for the cathedral's completion.
While some have praised the cathedral's innovative, modern design and stripped-away iconography, traditionalists have questioned its fidelity to Catholic doctrine and tradition. Rev. Leo Edgerly Jr., who serves on the cathedral advisory board, replied to the critics: "You can go to Europe and see Gothic cathedrals," he said. "You can come to Oakland and see this."
- "Cathedral In The News" Archived 2006-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
- Cathedral of Christ the Light Archived 2007-12-09 at the Wayback Machine
- Biography, Craig W. Hartman, FAIA Archived 2006-05-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Webcor Builders – Current and Recent Projects Archived 2007-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
- The Cathedral of Christ the Light Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
- The Catholic Voice, Oakland: "Cathedral dedicated as mother church of diocese" October 6, 2008.
- Cathedral of Christ the Light
- Oakland (Diocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]
- Parish Directory Archived 2007-12-30 at the Wayback Machine
- Oakland Cathedral design project – Domiane Forte
- The Cathedral of Christ the Light Archived 2007-12-09 at the Wayback Machine
- Catholic Voice Archived 2009-06-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Informations and specifications
- USA Today: "Oakland cathedral sets high marks in cost, design" September 1, 2007
- The Catholic Voice: "Cathedral Sunday Sept. 13:aid sought on construction debt" September 7, 2009
- American Institute of Architects: "Building Christ the Light: a Conversation with Craig Hartman & Father Paul" January 8, 2011
- San Francisco Faith: "The Age Belongs to Christ: An Interview with Bishop Allen Vigneron" Archived 2006-05-04 at archive.today October 2005
- California Daily Catholic: "Beehive, basket, nuclear reactor, or..." September 9, 2007
- The Institute for Sacred Architecture: "The Lonely God: Oakland Cathedral in the Light of Tradition" Volume 15, Spring 2009
-  September 2001
- National Catholic Register: "Space Age Cathedral" November 4, 2008
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