Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas, Galway
|Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas|
|Location||Galway, County Galway|
|Consecrated||15 August 1965|
|Diocese||Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora|
The Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas (Irish language: Ard-Eaglais Mhaighdean na Deastógála agus Naomh Nioclás), commonly known as Galway Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Galway, Ireland, and one of the largest and most impressive buildings in the city.
Construction began in 1958 on the site of the old city prison. It was completed in 1965, making it the last great stone cathedral to be built in Europe. It was dedicated, jointly, to Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and to St. Nicholas.
Opening of the Cathedral
The Galway Cathedral was opened on 15 August 1965. President Éamon de Valera lit the sanctuary candle and Cardinal Richard Cushing of Boston delivered a sermon 'Why Build a Cathedral?'. Bishop Michael Browne, Bishop of Galway, was accompanied on the altar by four Archbishops.
The architect of the cathedral was John J. Robinson who had previously designed many churches in Dublin and around the country. The architecture of the cathedral draws on many influences. The dome and pillars reflect a Renaissance style. Other features, including the rose windows and mosaics, echo the broad tradition of Christian art. The cathedral dome, at a height of 44.2 metres (145 ft), is a prominent landmark on the city skyline.
During a controversial interview on Telefís Éireann's The Late Late Show in 1966, Trinity College, Dublin student Brian Trevaskis referred to the building as a "ghastly monstrosity". He also accused the then Bishop of Galway Michael Browne of "extortion" over the manner in which funds for the new cathedral were raised and implied that the Bishop was a "moron". More recently, it was described in an Irish Times article concerning "ugly" Irish buildings as a "squatting Frankenstein’s monster" and "a monument to the hubris of its soft-handed sponsors".
Mass is celebrated every day in the cathedral. There is a Saturday evening Vigil mass at 6 p.m., and Sunday masses at 9:00am, 10:00am, 11:00am, 12:30pm and 6:00pm. On weekdays and holy days, mass is celebrated at 9:00am, 11:00am and 6:00pm.
The cathedral has been home to an adult choir since the building was dedicated, the role of which is to provide the music at all major ceremonies and services as well as at the regular Sunday 11:00am mass. The choir's repertoire covers music from the 16th to the 21st centuries, as well as Gregorian chant and Irish traditional music.
The cathedral pipe organ was originally built by the Liverpool firm of Rushworth & Dreaper in 1966; it was renovated and greatly expanded by Irish organ-builder Trevor Crowe between 2006 and 2007. It has three manuals and 59 speaking stops, and is used regularly during services as well as in the annual series of summer concerts. The cathedral also has a smaller portable instrument, with one manual and four stops. It is used in smaller-scale liturgy in the cathedral's side chapels, as well as in a continuo role in concerts.
The Gallery Organ stoplist since 2007
Manual compass: 61 notes
Pedal compass: 32 notes
16 general combinations, with 96 levels of memory
8 combinations to each division, with 16 levels of memory
Sequencer with 999 memory slots
The Choir Organ stoplist since 2006
Manual compass: 56 notes
Key- and stop-action: mechanical
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- "Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St. Nicholas, Galway, Galway (Gaillimh), Ireland". www.gcatholic.org. Retrieved 2016-09-12.
- Davenport, Fionn (2010-01-01). Ireland. Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781742203508.
- McGarry, Patrick (15 August 2015). "Galway Cathedral celebrates 50th anniversary". The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "Galway Cathedral, Galway City – 1965". curious ireland. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- O'Dowd, Peadar (2003). Galway in Old Photographs. Dublin: Gill & MacMillan. p. 99. ISBN 0-7171-3483-0.
- "Church's hierarchy shows its colours". Irish Examiner. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
- "Bishop in T.E. Row" (PDF). Trinity News. 14 April 1966. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
- "Readers play 'fantasy wrecking ball' with 'ugly' Irish buildings". Irish Times. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- Galway Cathedral webpage