Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa

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Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa
كاتدرائية طرطوس
Notre dame de tortosa.jpg
Basic information
Location Tartus, Syria
Geographic coordinates 34°53′30″N 35°52′40″E / 34.89167°N 35.87778°E / 34.89167; 35.87778Coordinates: 34°53′30″N 35°52′40″E / 34.89167°N 35.87778°E / 34.89167; 35.87778
Affiliation Catholic Church
Year consecrated mid-12th century
Status Museum
Architectural style Early Gothic, Romanesque
Interiors (1936).

Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa (Arabic: كاتدرائية طرطوس‎) was a Catholic cathedral in the city of Tartus, Syria, erected during the 12th century.[1] It has been described by historians as "the best-preserved religious structure of the crusades".[2]

According to a legend, the place corresponds to where Peter was ordained.

After capture by the Mamluks, the cathedral was turned into a mosque. Today, the building serves as the National Museum of Tartus.

History[edit]

The cathedral was erected on the place for previous Byzantine pilgrimages. It was built initially in Romanesque style and then gothic style during the 12th century.

From 1152 under mid-13th century, the Knights Templars governed the area. Since the town was repeatedly threatened by the Mamluks, the church building was fortified.

Tartus was allegedly the last holdings of the Knights Templars in the Near East. After capture, the cathedral was turned into a mosque. During the Ottoman period, the building was used as a stable. Since 1956, the prior church building has housed the National Museum of Tartus (the Tartus Museum),[3] which exhibits some archaeological objects.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carter, Dunston and Thomas, 2008, p.137.
  2. ^ Setton, Zacour and Hazard, 1985, p.42-43.
  3. ^ Abd al-Razzaq Moaz; et al. (2015). The Ayyubid Era: Art and Architecture in Medieval Syria. Museum with No Frontiers. p. 255. ISBN 978-3-902782-17-5. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Paul Deschamps: Romanik im Heiligen Land, Würzburg 1992, S. 269–278.