Cathedral of the Holy Spirit (Bismarck, North Dakota)
|Cathedral of the Holy Spirit|
|Location||519 Raymond Street
Bismarck, North Dakota
|Dedication||August 30, 1945|
|Architect(s)||William F. Kurke|
|Number of spires||One|
|Bishop(s)||Most Rev. David Kagan|
Msgr. Thomas J. Richter
|Part of||Bismarck Cathedral Area Historic District (#80002908)|
|Added to NRHP||May 8, 1980|
The Cathedral of the Holy Spirit is a cathedral and parish church of the Catholic Church located in Bismarck, North Dakota, United States. It is the seat of the Diocese of Bismarck. Since 1980 the cathedral and the nearby Bishop's Residence have been contributing properties in the Bismarck Cathedral Area Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places.
The cathedral was the dream of the first bishop of Bismarck, Vincent Wehrle, O.S.B., who had a special devotion to the Holy Spirit and wanted the church to also serve as a shrine to the Holy Spirit. He brought the property in 1917 and hired Milwaukee architect Anton Dohman in 1921 to design the cathedral. He provided two different designs, the first was similar to the church at Assumption Abbey in Richardton, North Dakota. The Great Depression prevented the construction of the church until 1941.
Bismarck's second bishop, Vincent Ryan, hired Fargo architect William F. Kurke, who had helped design the North Dakota Capitol building, to design the new cathedral. His design was similar to Dohman's second design. The ground breaking for the Art Deco style building was begun in September 1941. The building is composed of monolithic concrete, and is believed to be the only Art Deco-style cathedral in the United States. The church opened in August 1945, but its interior decoration and some of its furnishings were added in later years. A renovation from 1992 to 1993 added a gathering space.
In addition to the cathedral, Kurke also designed the nearby Bishop's Residence. The two-story, concrete, Art Moderne structure was built at the same time as the cathedral. The grade school was completed in 1951. The two-story building features a flat roof, precast concrete panels, and two horizontal window bands that run about two-thirds of width of the facade. The two-story brick convent was completed in 1965, and the two-story rectory in 1969. The rectory's exterior is composed of brick on the first floor and vertical siding on the second floor. The convent now houses the Center for Pastoral Ministry of the Diocese of Bismarck.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Cathedral of the Holy Spirit". GCatholic.org. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Frank E. Vyzralek; Louis N. Hafermeh. "Bismarck Cathedral Area Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
- "The History of the Cathedral". Cathedral of the Holy Spirit. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- New Catholic Encyclopedia, Second Edition. 2. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America. 2003.
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