|Education||San Francisco Art Institute, California Institute of the Arts|
Catherine Opie (born 1961 in Sandusky, Ohio) is an American fine-art photographer. Growing up in a rather Suburban area of Rancho Bernardo, close to San Diego, Catherine Opie came to terms with her lesbian sexuality in high school, but it took her some time to come to grips with it. The artist grew up with two older siblings, in what she stated to be a "proper family." The artist's father was a conservative Republican, challenging Opie to feel a sense of acceptance in her family. It was not until later on in her life that Catherine became comfortable enough with her sexual identity and sense of self. In the early 80s, Catherine relocated to San Francisco, bridging the gap between her difficult childhood, further understanding her identity. She studies the relationships between mainstream and infrequent society, with a large emphasis on sexual identity, specializing in portraiture, studio, and landscape photography. Through photography Opie documents the connections between the individual and the space inhabited. She lives and works in West Adams, Los Angeles. She is well known for her work of portraits exploring the Los Angeles leather-dyke community. Opie is currently a professor of photography at University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA).
Opie was influenced early in life by photographer Lewis Hine. At the age of nine she received a Kodak Instamatic camera, immediately capturing her family and community. Opie spent her early childhood in Ohio, but her family moved near San Diego when she was 13 years old. She studied childhood education for a year as an undergraduate, but soon went to the San Francisco Art Institute to earn her bachelor of fine arts degree. The artist became involved in the leather community in her twenties, finding her niche. Opie stated that she was intimidated immediately, but over time came to understand that her thought process in relation to what she was experiencing was only adopted thought and behavior from her youth, and what she had been taught. For Opie, the leather scene was about community. The artist, at the time of discovering the leather scene, was a student at the San Fransisco Art Institute; Catherine was photographing the social documentary path at the time. Opie did not begin to channel her sexuality or the leather scene until after graduating from Cal Arts. It was then, that the artist began to channel the most private and enriching part of her work: her sexuality and the leather scene. She completed a Masters of Fine Arts from the California Institute of the Arts in 1988. Her thesis project Master Plan (1986–88) examined the planned communities of Valencia, California, from construction sites and advertisement schemes, to homeowner regulations and the domestic interiors of residents' homes. In 1988 Opie moved to Los Angeles, California and began working as an artist, supported herself by accepting a job as a lab technician at the University of California, Irvine. Opie and her companion, painter Julie Burleigh, constructed working studios in the backyard of their home in South Central Los Angeles.
Opie's work is characterized by a combination of formal concerns, a variety of printing technologies, references to art history, and social/political commentary. An example of formal concerns include addressing issues of the horizon line in the "ice house" and "surfer" series. She has printed photographs using chromochrome, iris prints, Polaroids, and silver photogravure. Examples of art history references include the use of bright color backgrounds in portraits which reference the work of Hans Holbein and the full body frontal portraits that reference August Sander. Opie's older work from the 1990s could be related to the traditions of Renaissance and Baroque art: placing her subjects central to the composition, utilizing stark, dramatic light source, allowing her subjects to fall in front of rich backgrounds; Opie's images relay a more aggressive undertone. Certain art historical attributes throughout her images, themes and/or icon's that have been referenced throughout art history. Use of certain symbols in her works have allowed these portraits to sit separately from any of her previous works. The portraits, for instance, from Opie's more recent work in the 2012, the image David, utilizes blood. The symbolism used in this work is recognized as a reoccurring statement for Opie, personally and allegorically. These images convey symbolic references to the celebration, embracing and remembrance of the shift and personal relationship with one's body. Unlike other artists, Opie grounds her work in personal relationships, meanings and histories; however, this unfortunately precedent's the ability for one to read these images outside of the intimate content. Most of Opie's work sits in this very personal community, allowing for selective perceptions. Where some viewers may not understand certain allegories and symbols within her work, individuals who know Catherine's work well can very identify specific conceptual or metaphorical statements within the images themselves. Where these images demand to be read as allegories, the performative aspect of this work differs from previous work Catherine has produced. Opie's earlier work relays more heavily on documentary photography as opposed to allegorical, yet still provide a stark relationship to her investigation and use of powerful iconography throughout the years.
A common social/political theme in her work is the concept of community. Opie has investigated aspects of community, making portraits of many groups including LGBT community; surfers; and most recently high school football players. Opie is interested in how identities are shaped by our surrounding architecture. Her work is informed by her identity as an out lesbian. Her works balance personal and political. Her assertive portraits bring queers to a forefront that is normally silenced by societal norms.
Opie first came to be known with "Being and Having" (1991) and "Portraits" (1993–1997), which portray queer communities in Los Angeles and San Francisco. Opie focused heavily on her surrounding environment during her time in Los Angeles in her works "In Houses", "Freeways" and "Mini-malls". "In Houses" (1995–1996) shifted towards domestic architecture through portraits of Beverly Hills and Bel Air mansions. "Freeways" (1994–1995), depicts the Los Angeles highway system in black and white, which was unique to her usual style. "Mini-malls" (1997–1998) concluded her works on iconic images of Los Angeles culture by depicting billboards as well as identifying various ethnic groups in shopping centers.
Being and Having (1991) for example, convey strong ideals and perceptions based among persons of the LGBT community. These images reference gender, age, race and identity; all constructed surrounding identity. This body of work similarly plays with performative aspects and play. These works read as iconography, themselves. Catherine Opie has referenced problems of visibility; where the reference to Renaissance paintings in her images declare the individuals as saints or characters. Opies portraits document, celebrate and protect the community and individuals in which she photographs.
This Los Angeles focused series sparked her ongoing project "American Cities" (1997–present) which is a collection of panoramic black-and-white photos of quintessential American cities. This series is similar to an earlier work of hers, "Domestic" (1995–1998) which documented her 2-month RV road trip, portraying lesbian families engaging in everyday house- hold activities across the country.
Drawing inspiration from transgressive photography of Robert Mapplethorpe, Nan Goldin, and sex radicals, who provided a space for liberals and feminists, Opie has also done work ranging from the studies of master-plan communities to S/M erotica for lesbian owned sex magazines. Her portraits often document the queer community.
At the Hammer Museum, Opie was on the first Artist Council (a series of sessions with curators and museum administrators) and served on the board of overseers. Along with fellow artists John Baldessari, Barbara Kruger and Ed Ruscha, Opie served as member of the board of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. In 2012, she and the others resigned; however, they joined the museum's 14-member search committee for a new director after Jeffrey Deitch's resignation in 2013. Opie returned in support of the museum's new director, Philippe Vergne, in 2014.
Opie collaborated with filmmaker Lisa Udelson on a 2011 documentary, Same Difference, showing how the inability of their parents to marry affected children of same-sex couples. In 2013, she created Edie, a photographic portrait of Edith Windsor, whose lawsuit figured in the 2013 Supreme Court decision on United States v. Windsor.
- Freeways. Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
- Catherine Opie, essays by Kate Bush, Joshua Decter & Russell Ferguson. The Photographers' Gallery, London
- Catherine Opie: In between here and there, essay by Rochelle Steiner. Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO, ills.
- Catherine Opie. The Photographers' Gallery, London, 2000
- Catherine Opie: Skyways and Ice Houses. Walker Art Center 2002
- 1999 / In and Around Home. The Aldrich Contemporary Museum of Art, Ridgefield, CT, and the Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA, 2006
- Chicago (American Cities), curated by Elizabeth T.A. Smith, published by Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, 2006
- Catherine Opie: An American Photographer. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, 2008
- "Catherine Opie" This is Not to be Looked At. Morse, Rebecca. Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA, 2008,
- Catherine Opie: Empty and Full, Molesworth, Helen, ed. Hatje Cantz, Stuttgart, 2011.
- Catherine Opie, The Photographers' Gallery, London; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago.
- Catherine Opie: American Photographer, Guggenheim Museum, New York City, 26 September 2008 – 7 January 2009. It included an encyclopedic exhibition catalogue of all of Opie's almost 200 works since 1988, loosely divided into two sections: portraits and landscapes.
- Somewhere in the Middle, 2011. Permanent installation in the Hillcrest Hospital Cleveland Clinic. The original work was created to engage hospital visitors, employees, and patients during difficult moments in their life.
- Catherine Opie: Empty and Full, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, 2011.
- Catherine Opie: 700 Nimes Road, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 2016.
- Citibank Private Bank Emerging Artist Award (1997)
- Washington University Freund Fellowship (1999)
- CalArts Alpert Award in the Arts (2003)
- Larry Aldrich Award (2004)
- San Francisco Art Institute President's Award for Excellence (2006)
- United States Artist Fellowship (2006)
- Women's Caucus for Art: President's Award for Lifetime Achievement (2009)
- McKENNA, KRISTINE (1994-06-26). "PHOTOGRAPHY : Welcome to Opie's World : For artist Catherine Opie, her photographs are 'about community.' Her current exhibition in West Hollywood pays tender tribute to her lesbian friends. But it has also stirred up the art world and a few others". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- Steve Appleford (January 27, 2013), Catherine Opie's documentary photography is on display Los Angeles Times.
- "Catherine Opie - Professor, Photography". UCLA Official website. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "Catherine Opie: American Photographer". Guggenheim. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Liesl Bradner (August 21, 2010), Football and art collide at LACMA Los Angeles Times.
- Hilarie M. Sheets (January 27, 2013), Home Views, Bound by Ice or Leather New York Times.
- Catherine Opie: American Photographer, September 26, 2008 – January 7, 2009 Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.
- Lisa Boone (April 12, 2013), Garden is her canvas, flowers and edibles (and chickens) her paint Los Angeles Times.
- Minneapolis Institute of Art. "Untitled #14 (Icehouses)". Minneapolis Institute of Art. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Getsy, David (2017-02-21). "Catherine Opie, Portraiture, and the Decoy of the Iconography" (PDF). School of the Art Institute in Chicago.
- Getsy, David (2017-02-21). "Catherine Opie, Portraiture, and the Decoy of Iconography" (PDF). School of the Art Institute of Chicago.
- Gurealnik, Orna (2013). "Being and Having an Identity: Catherine Opie". New York University Postdoctoral Program in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis: page 2 – via Routledge Taylor&Francis Group.
- Susan Emerling (April 19, 2009), The Hammer Museum gets together with artists, outside the box Los Angeles Times.
- Mike Boehm (September 24, 2013), MOCA adds artists who resigned from board to its director search team Los Angeles Times.
- Mike Boehm and Deborah Vankin (March 19, 2014), Artists return to MOCA board Los Angeles Times.
- Mike Boehm (June 27, 2015), Supreme Court's gay marriage decision sparks art world jubilation Los Angeles Times.
- David Ng (November 15, 2013), Whitney Biennial 2014 to include L.A. artists, David Foster Wallace Los Angeles Times.
- Forester, Ian (3 March 2015). "Catherine Opie: Cleveland Clinic" (Video). Art21. Art21 Annual Fund Contributors. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- ICA. "Catherine Opie" (Web). Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston. Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation, Mark and Marie Schwartz, the Barbara Lee Family Foundation, Sandy and Les Nanberg, and Regen Projects. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "A Catherine Opie moment in Los Angeles at MOCA and the Hammer". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- Mike Boehm (October 26, 2010), Herb Alpert-funded awards will pay five artists $75,000 each Los Angeles Times.
- Regen Projects, Catherine Opie. "Biography". Regen Projects. Retrieved 2012-11-26.
- Catherine Opie at Stephen Friedman Gallery, London
- Artslant review of Opie's high school football
- Barkeley blog for high school football
- Biography at UCLA
- Catherine Opie in Lacanian Ink 27
- Interview with Catherine Opie - Artkrush.com, July 2006
- Interview with Catherine Opie on PORT
- Interview with Catherine Opie in LA I'm Yours by Kyle Fitzpatrick July 9, 2012
- Catherine Opie at Kadist Art Foundation
- Catherine Opie on Art21
- Russell Ferguson (1996). "Catherine Opie". Index Magazine.