Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Margravine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
|Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
|Margravine of Brandenburg-Küstrin|
|Died||16 May 1574
|Spouse||John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin|
|Issue||Elisabeth, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Catherine, Electress of Brandeburg
|Father||Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
|Mother||Maria of Württemberg|
Catherine was considered extremely frugal and thrifty, and she actively supported her husband. She had several outbuildings in Küstrin and a kitchen garden. She had so-called "wild garden" in a suburb of Küstrin and other goods in Schaumburg, Drew and her favorite seat Dębno, a gift from her husband. Catherine settled Dutch religious refugees in Dębno, who started a vibrant clothi-making industry. She built a school and a church and in 1562, Dębno was granted a city charter.
Catherine, who was described as very popular, was known by the population as Mother Kate. She founded the first pharmacy in Ośno Lubuskie and built another in Küstrin from which she provided the poor with free medicine. Catherine built numerous farms and dairies, which she administered herself and she also sold the harvest herself.
Catherine died in 1574. Her grave was discovered in 1999 in the ruins of the parish church in Küstrin by archaeologists from Szczecin.
From her marriage to Henry, Catherine had two daughters:
- Elisabeth (1540–1578)
- married in 1558 Margrave George Frederick I of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1539-1603)
- Catherine (1549–1602)
- married in Elector in 1570 Joachim Frederick of Brandenburg (1546-1608)
- K. W. Kutschbach: Chronik der Stadt Küstrin, Enslin, 1849, p. 45 ff
- Ernst Helwing: Geschichte des brandenburgischen Staats, 1834, p. 648 digitized
- L. Oberheim: Die einführung der reformation in der mark Brandenburg, G. Wilmsen, 1839, p. 140
- Jörg Lüderitz: Die Neumark, Trescher Verlag, 2008, p. 42