Catholic Church in the Nordic countries

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Catholicism in Nordic countries)
Jump to: navigation, search

The history of Catholic Church in the Nordic countries, being a mostly non-Catholic (Lutheran) region, has been influenced by significant movements. The position of Nordic Catholics at times has been very difficult due to legislation outlawing Catholicism, but the Catholic populations of the Nordic countries has seen some growth in the region in recent years, particularly in Norway, in large part due to immigration and to a lesser extent conversions among the native population.

History[edit]

In Sweden, the patent of tolerance rescinded anti-Catholic laws and Catholics were once again allowed to settle and practice their religion in 1781 under Gustavus III[1] and the Vicariate Apostolic of Sweden was erected in 1783. It was elevated to a diocese in 1953.[2]

The Norwegian Constitution of 1814 denied Jews and Catholics (particularly Jesuits) entrance in Norway. It also stated that attendance in a Lutheran church was compulsory. The ban on Catholics was lifted in 1842, and the ban on Jews was lifted in 1851. At first, there were multiple restrictions on the practice of Catholicism; only foreign citizens were allowed to practice, and after the first post-reformation parish was founded in 1843, they were only allowed to celebrate mass in this parish. In 1845 most restrictions on non-Lutheran Christian denominations were lifted, and Catholics were now allowed to practice their religion freely and invite most religious orders to settle in the country. However, members of the Society of Jesus would not be allowed to enter Norway until 1956.

Notable Nordic Post-Reformation Catholics[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Religionsfreihet" (in Swedish). Projekt Runeberg. 
  2. ^ "Diocese of Stockholm". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 
  3. ^ "Bishop Anders Arborelius". Catholic-Hierarchy.com. 
  4. ^ "Bielke" (in Swedish). Projekt Runeberg. 
  5. ^ "Maria Elisabetta Hesselblad (1870 - 1957)". Vatican.va. 
  6. ^ "Vallquist, Gunnel" (in Swedish). Swedish Academy.