Catopsilia florella

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Catopsilia florella
African migrant (Catopsilia florella) male.jpg
male, Ghana
African migrant (Catopsilia florella) female.jpg
Aburi Botanical Gardens, Ghana
Scientific classification
C. florella
Binomial name
Catopsilia florella
(Fabricius, 1775)[1]
  • Papilio florella Fabricius, 1775
  • Colias pyrene Swainson, 1821
  • Callidryas hyblaea Boisduval, 1836
  • Callidryas rhadia Boisduval, 1836
  • Pontia marcellina Bertoloni, 1850
  • Catopsilia aleurona Butler, 1876
  • Catopsilia rufosparsa Butler, 1880
  • Callidryas swainsoni Westwood, 1881
  • Catopsilia florella ab. subpyrene Strand, 1911
  • Catopsilia florella florella f. inornata Dufrane, 1947
  • Catopsilia florella florella ab. biannulata Dufrane, 1947
  • Catopsilia florella florella ab. houzeaui Dufrane, 1947
  • Catopsilia florella f. peregrina Stoneham, 1957
  • Catopsilia florella f. duplicata Stoneham, 1957
  • Catopsilia florella f. wandriana Stoneham, 1957

Catopsilia florella, the African migrant, African emigrant, or common vagrant, is a butterfly of the family Pieridae. It is found in Africa (including Madagascar) and the Canary Islands. Like Catopsilia pomona, this species also has a habit of migration.[2]

Many early authors mentioned the presence of this species in Asia;[3][4] but those were probably due to confusion arises as Catopsilia pyranthe females exhibit a lot of seasonal variations.[5] Catopsilia florella is not included as a species in India in any recent checklists.[6]

The wingspan is 54–60 mm for males and 56–66 mm for females. Adults are on wing year-round. From South Africa, adults migrate from summer to autumn. They fly in a north-eastern direction.[7]

The larvae feed on Senna occidentalis, Senna septentrionalis, Senna petersiana, Senna italica, Cassia javanica, and Cassia fistula.[8]



  1. ^ Catopsilia florella at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Larsen, T. B. (1992). "Migration of Catopsilia florella in Botswana (Lepidoptera:Pieridae)". Tropical Lepidoptera. 3 (2): 11. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  3. ^ Bingham, C.T. (1907). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. II (1st ed.). London: Taylor and Francis, Ltd. pp. 223–224.
  4. ^ Larsen, T. B. (1977). "Butterfly Migrations in the Nilgiri Hills of South India (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera)". The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 74: 546–549. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  5. ^ Swinhoe, Charles (1905–1910). Lepidoptera Indica. Vol. VII. London: Lovell Reeve and Co. pp. 90–94.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  6. ^ Varshney, R.; Smetacek, P. A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India (2015 ed.). New Delhi: Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal and Indinov Publishing. p. 67.
  7. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.
  8. ^ Martiré, J. & Rochat, D. (2008). Les Papillons de la Réunion & leurs chenilles. Biotope.