Owens sucker

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Owens sucker
Owens sucker.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Catostomidae
Genus: Catostomus
Species: C. fumeiventris
Binomial name
Catostomus fumeiventris
R. R. Miller, 1973[2]

The Owens sucker (Catostomus fumeiventris) is a fish in the family Catostomidae which is endemic to California.

Description[edit]

The Owens sucker is similar to the Tahoe sucker (Catostomus tahoensis) but it has coarser scales and is duller in colour. The adults are slaty coloured, although some individuals can be very dark, with dusky bellies which are especially noticeable in spawning males.[3] It grows to a maximum size of 50 cm but is more usually around 30 cm in total length.[2]

Distribution[edit]

It is endemic to the Owens River in the Owens Valley of eastern California and has been introduced into June Lake in the Mono Lake basin and to the Santa Clara River system as a result of a release of water from the Owens River through the Los Angeles Aqueduct.[4][5] Although the status of the population in the Santa Clara system is uncertain and any introduced fish may hybridise with the Santa Ana sucker (Catostomus santaanae).[5] It is abundant in the Crowley Lake with populations in Convict Lake and Lake Sabrina[1] and a population has been established in the Owens River sanctuary.[5]

Habitat[edit]

Owens suckers are primarily found on the softer substrates in cool streams but they will be demersal inhabitants lakes and reservoirs.[4]

Biology[edit]

Owens suckers are nocturnal, their diet consists of aquatic insects, algae, detritus, and organic matter. They spawn from May through to early July over gravel substrates, in tributaries, although lake living populations will also spawn over gravelly areas of the lake beds and springs.[1] The larvae become juveniles once the attain a total length of 19–22 mm, the juveniles hide along stream margins and in backwaters among weeds.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c NatureServe (2013). "Catostomus fumeiventris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T202059A2733547. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T202059A2733547.en. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b R. Froese; D. Pauly, eds. (2017). "Catostomus fumeiventris Miller, 1973 Owens sucker". Fishbase. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  3. ^ Peter B. Moye (1976). Inland Fishes of California. University of California Press. pp. 219–220. ISBN 0520029755. 
  4. ^ a b c "Owens Sucker". California Fish Website. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "Catostomus fumeiventris". NAS - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 20 August 2017.