|Country of origin||Italy, native to the Marche region|
The Catria Horse (Italian: Cavallo del Catria) is a breed of horse originating in the mountainous area of the massif of Monte Catria in the Marche region of Italy, and surrounding areas in the provinces of Ancona, Perugia and Pesaro. It is one of the fifteen indigenous horse "breeds of limited distribution" recognised by the AIA, the Italian breeders' association.
The Catria horse derives from the cross-breeding of Maremmano-derived stock from west of the Apennines, thought to have been brought from their homeland in Tuscany mainly by charcoal burners, with other breeds, principally Franches-Montagnes. After the Second World War, the number of Catria horses decreased. The population survived in mountainous areas suitable only for untended livestock. In 1974, the Azienda Speciale Consortile del Catria, or "special co-operative agency of Catria", took control of horse breeding in the area. In 1980, a herd book was opened to conserve the bloodlines of the breed.
Catria Horses may only be bay or chestnut; breeding stallions may not be chestnut. The head is light with a straight profile. The chest is wide and muscular. Height is from 145–160 cm (14.1–15.3 h) for males, 140–155 cm (13.3–15.1 h) for mares.
- Il Registro Anagrafico delle razze Equine ed Asinine a limitata diffusione (in Italian). Associazione Italiana Allevatori. Archived 24 April 2009. "Anagraphic register of the horse and donkey breeds of limited distribution".
- Cavallo del Catria (in Italian). Associazione Italiana Allevatori. Archived 2 August 2008. "The Catria Horse".
- "The Catria Horse". Retrieved 12 April 2012.