Cattal

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Cattal
Cattal railway station.jpg
Cattal railway station
Cattal is located in North Yorkshire
Cattal
Cattal
Cattal shown within North Yorkshire
Population 115 (2011)
OS grid reference SE4454
Civil parish
  • Cattal
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district YO5
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°59′04″N 1°19′17″W / 53.9844°N 1.32131°W / 53.9844; -1.32131Coordinates: 53°59′04″N 1°19′17″W / 53.9844°N 1.32131°W / 53.9844; -1.32131

Cattal is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England, about six miles East of Knaresborough, and is located 12 miles west of the city of York. Cattal is located on the River Nidd. Despite being a small village it is served by Cattal railway station on the Harrogate line (operated by Northern Rail) which is slightly north of Cattal, the railway station generally provides an hourly service to the nearby cities of York and Leeds. The village has one pub, The Victoria which is located close to the railway station and close to the village. Cattal has good transport links to nearby cities York and Leeds as it is located just one mile east of the A1 road this road also connects Cattal with much of south-east England including London. It's also just off the A59 which connects north-east England to the North West, including Liverpool.

History[edit]

Cattal is first mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, as Catale, Catala. The name probably derives from Old English catt 'wild cat' + halh 'nook of land', referring to land in a bend of the River Nidd associated with wild cats.[1] The total tax assessed was described as quite large with a taxable value of 5 geld units. At this time the head of the manor was Aldborough. There were 2 ploughlands in the village at the time of the Domesday Book, and Osbern of Arques was both Tenant in Chief and Lord in 1086.[2]

Cattal Parish

In the 1870s Cattal was described as:

"Cattal, a township in Hunsingore parish, W. R. Yorkshire; on the river Nidd, and on the York and High Harrogate railway, 6½ miles ESE of Knaresborough. It has a station on the railway. Acres, 950. Real property, £1,891. Pop., 189. Houses, 40"[3]

Cattal also has a Roman road running through it. It provided a northward link between the road from Castleford to York via Tadcaster and the York to Aldborough road. The road approached the River Nidd from the south through the 'd' of Bridge and on to the 'Ancient Ford', this line was abandoned when the bridge was built a little upstream of the ford. The present road north from Cattal follows the Roman line, a little west of north to Providence Green and then a little east of north through Whixley, after which it meets the York-Aldborough road. The road known as Rudgate now has a brewery named after it in the nearby town on Tockwith.[4]

Population[edit]

A graph to show the change in population of Cattal

The current population of Cattal according to the 2011 census data is 115;[5] this is a decrease in population from 1881 when the population was at its peak at 178 residents. The population decreased steadily from the early census records from 178 in 1881 to 144 residents at the turn of the century in 1901. The population increased during the next two censuses, it grew to 153 in 1911 and 155 in 1921. However population has decreased every census year since 1921 until 1961 with a large dip coming between 1951 and 1961 from 140 to 110 residents.

Age structure[edit]

Chart to show age structure of Cattal in 2

Cattal has an ageing population, with the 73% of the residents of the village being aged 40 or over and having very few young dependants living in the village. With very few amenities in the village this age structure will remain as there are no pull factors for the young population to move to the village.[6]

Centre of Yorkshire[edit]

In recent times an argument has arisen between villages in Yorkshire over who should rightfully hold the title of the geographical centre of Yorkshire. Although most recently in 2012 the prestigious title had been given to the village of Hessay five miles from Cattal, controversy still remains as to where the centre is. The Ordnance Survey used its own detailed records of the county's boundary and the help of a computer programme and a field in Hessay was pinpointed as the centre point of Yorkshire. However a similar computer programme used four years previous selected Cattal as the geographical centre. To make things complicated further a third village Barkston Ash also claim the honour of being the middle point in Yorkshire as they claim the Ash tree in the village is the midpoint.[7]

The mystery remains but The Victoria pub in Cattal use the idea that Cattal is the centre of Yorkshire to claim that they are the most central pub in Yorkshire.[8]

Cattal Bridge[edit]

Cattal Bridge

Cattal bridge is a grade two listed structure which carries Tadcaster road over the River Nidd; the bridge was listed 30 September 1985.[9] It is one of the few crossings over the River Nidd on which Cattal is located. The bridge dates from around 1800 and was built on the site of a Roman river crossing. The bridge underwent a £78,000 repair project in 2011, during which careful measures were taken to maintain the original character and shape of the bridge.[10] The banks surrounding it are covered in Himalayan Balsam.[11]

Flooding[edit]

Due to the village's proximity to the River Nidd it has a recent history of flooding during extreme weather. Flooding has occurred in the village most recently in 2012 with houses located near the banks of the river put on alert by the environmental agency. During the flooding in 2012 one man had to be rescued from his car near to the Cattal Bridge after the flood waters reached 4 ft in depth.[12] Also during the floods two donkeys were rescued from a field in Cattal after becoming stranded after the river burst its banks. A specialist team travelled across the North of England for the rescue.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Victor Watts (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), s.v. CATTAL.
  2. ^ "Cattal". Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Wilson, John (1870–1872). "Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales". Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Vernon, Biff. "Rudgate Roman Road". Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Cattal (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Age by single year (2011)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Catton, Richard. "Hessay said to be exact centre of Yorkshire". Newsquest. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "The Victoria at Cattal". Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  9. ^ "Cattal Bridge Carrying Tadcaster Road over River Midd, Cattal". English Heritage. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Delay on Cattal bridge reopening date". York Press. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Thacker, Jonathon. "Cattal Bridge". Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  12. ^ Cook, Tim. "Man rescued from flood water near Cattal". Harrogate News. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Donkeys rescued from deep flood water". RSPCA. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cattal at Wikimedia Commons