Cattle baron is a historic term for a local businessman and landowner who possessed great power or influence through the operation of a large ranch with many beef cattle. Cattle barons in the late 19th century United States were also sometimes referred to as cowmen, stockmen, or just ranchers. In Australia, similar individuals owned large cattle stations. A similar phenomenon occurred in part of Canada in the early twentieth century.
In the American Old West:
- Otto Franc was suspected to be an active member of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association, and is believed to have bankrolled part of the Johnson County War, a conflict between small cattle owners and large wealthy cattle outfits in 1892.
- Charles Goodnight. Essayist and historian J. Frank Dobie said that Goodnight "approached greatness more nearly than any other cowman of history."
- John Chisum
- Conrad Kohrs; see Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site
- Oliver Loving
- James Dolan
- Susan McSween
- Frank Wolcott
- Margaret Heffernan Borland
- The Big Four (Calgary) (four businessmen: two ranchers, a meat packer, and a brewer who founded the Calgary Stampede, the world's richest rodeo)
- Jonathan Wall (Cambridge) (Baron of Cambridge who held a significant amount of land on which he kept several thousand cattle)
In popular culture
In the Fallout (series), Brahmin barons are exactly the same as cattle baons but herd mutated livestock instead of normal animals.
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- Cattle Baron's Ball, a Dallas, Texas fundraising event
- Wyoming Stock Growers Association
- Aztec Land & Cattle Company (1884–1902)
- Willamette Cattle Company
- Santa Fe Ring
- Empire Ranch
- "baron" definition 4 Merriam-Webster online dictionary© 2010 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated
- Deborah Hedstrom-Page (2007). From Ranch to Railhead with Charles Goodnight. B&H Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8054-3272-8.
- "Cattle baron's death mourned". Bigpond news (source: ABC). 3 December 2005. Archived from the original on 5 December 2005.