Caucalis

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Caucalis platycarpos
Caucalis platycarpos1 eF.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Caucalis
L.
Species: C. platycarpos
Binomial name
Caucalis platycarpos
L.
Synonyms[1]

Caucalis platycarpos is a species of flowering plants in the carrot family, the only member of the genus Caucalis. Common names are carrot bur parsley,[2] small bur-parsley,[3] and burr parsley.[4] It is native to Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East as far east as Iran.[5][6]

Caucalis platycarpos is an annual up to 40 cm (16 inches) tall with trailing stems. Leaves are highly divided into many small leaflets. Flowers are produced in an umbel of 2-5 flowers, each with white or pink petals. Fruit is an oblong capsule with many hooked spines on the surface.[5][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List, Caucalis platycarpos L.
  2. ^ "Caucalis platycarpos". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ Plazonić, A; Mornar, A; Maleš, Ž; Kujundžić, N. "Phenolic content and antioxidant activities of burr parsley (Caucalis platycarpos L.)". Molecules. 18: 8666–81. PMID 23881052. doi:10.3390/molecules18078666. 
  5. ^ a b Tela Botanica, Caucalis à feuilles de carotte, Caucalis platycarpos L. in French with photo and French distribution map
  6. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Lappola carota, Kletten-Haftdolde, piggkörvel, Caucalis platycarpos L.
  7. ^ Herbario de la Universidad Pública de Navarra, Flora Arvense de Navarra, familia Umbelliferae, Caucalis platycarpos L. in Spanish, with photos