Caucasus Front (Soviet Union)

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Caucasus Front
Active30 December 1941 -28 January 1942
Country Soviet Union
BranchRed Army flag.svg Red Army
TypeArmy Group Command
SizeSeveral Armies
EngagementsWorld War II
Kerch–Feodosiya Landing Operation
Dmitry Kozlov

The Caucasus Front was a front of the Red Army during the Second World War.


The Caucasus Front was created on 30 December 1941 from Transcaucasus Front. The commander of the latter, Lieutenant General Dmitry Kozlov, continued in command of the front. Its chief of staff was Major General Fyodor Tolbukhin.

It comprised the

Were operationally subordinated to the front :

The troops of the front completed the Kerch–Feodosiya Landing Operation, began on 25 December by the Transcaucasus Front and Black Sea Fleet, gaining a bridgehead in Crimea and pushing back the defending German forces.

On 28 January 1942, the front was split, with the 44th, 47th, and 51st Armies becoming part of the new Crimean Front, while the 45th and 46th Armies joined the reestablished Transcaucasus Military District.[1]



  1. ^ Grachev 1995, p. 439.


  • Grachev, Pavel, ed. (1995). "Кавка́зский фро́нт" [Caucasus Front]. Военная энциклопедия в 8 томах [Military Encyclopedia in 8 volumes] (in Russian). 3. Moscow: Voenizdat. p. 439. ISBN 5-203-00748-9.