|Population||5,595 (2016 census)|
|• Density||3,730/km2 (9,700/sq mi)|
|Area||1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)|
|Location||12 km (7 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||City of Glen Eira|
It is bounded by Kooyong Road in the west, Glen Eira Road in the north, Glen Huntly Road in the south and Booran Road in the east.
The origin of the name of Caulfield is not known for certain, but the name seemed to be linked with Baron Caulfield of Ireland, perhaps through John Caulfield, a pioneer of the colony. The name Caulfield was in use by 1853, and the early maps always place it somewhere around the racecourse.
The local Yalukit people were coastal and dependent on seafoods, so few Aboriginal relics have been found in Caulfield. Nevertheless, some contact did occur in the area between Aborigines and European settlers. Murrum Murrumbean was a local native from whom the placename Murrumbeena derives. Frederick Chapman (later Justice of the New Zealand Supreme Court) was able to recollect a corroboree which took place in Hotham Street, involving hundreds of Gippsland Aborigines.
In the mid nineteenth century, the Caulfield area was swampy, low-lying ground. It served as watering and pasture land for the pastoralists driving stock from Gippsland to Melbourne. In the 1840s, several distinct communities had arisen throughout the area. Owensville was located around the western end of Glen Eira Road. Alma Road Village was another middle class area further north. Camden Town was a working class area at the junction of Glen Huntly and Hawthorn Roads. Meanwhile, the area south of Paddy's Swamp (now Caulfield Park) developed into the main commercial area of Caulfield. Initially the Black Chapel at that point served as the area's first church. This building was soon converted to Boxill's general store. The whole area was proclaimed the Caulfield Road District in 1857. It served as a location for several grand mansions for wealthy Melbourne citizens over the following decades. Caulfield Post Office opened on 1 January 1863 and closed in 1974. Caulfield Junction Post Office opened in 1923 and remains open.
At the 2016 Census, Caulfield had a population of 5,595. 53.0% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were South Africa 5.4%, China 3.3%, Israel 3.0%, Poland 2.8% and England 2.3%. 63.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Russian 6.0%, Hebrew 4.1%, Greek 3.8% and Mandarin 3.4%. The most common responses for religion in Caulfield were Judaism 40.5%, No Religion 21.6% and Catholic 10.5%.
Parks and open space
Caulfield Park, which is nearby in Caulfield North, is a large (approximately 26 hectare) Victorian garden flanked by Hawthorn, Balaclava and Inkerman Roads and Park Crescent, which features a war memorial, a decorative lake and playing fields for various sports.
The principal north-south roads that serve the suburb are Kooyong Road, Hawthorn Road, Bambra Road, Kambrook Road, and Booran Road. The major east-west roads are Glen Eira Road, Neerim Road, and Glen Huntly Road.
Two tram routes serve the suburb;
- Route 64 – Melbourne University to East Brighton; travels along Hawthorn Road
- Route 67 – Melbourne University to Carnegie; travels along Glen Huntly Road
Three bus routes serve the suburb;
- 605 – Flagstaff station to Gardenvale; travels along Kooyong Road
- 623 – Glen Waverley station to St Kilda; travels along Neerim Road, Booran Road, and Glen Eira Road
- 624 – Kew to Oakleigh station; travels along Booran Road
- Caulfield station; in Caulfield East, on the Cranbourne, Frankston, and Pakenham lines
- Elsternwick station; in Elsternwick, on the Sandringham line
- Glenhuntly station; in Glen Huntly, on the Frankston line
- Warwick Armstrong, Australian cricket captain, grew up next to Caulfield Park
- Clarrie Grimmett, Australian cricketer
- Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer, moved to South Caulfield from Elsternwick
- Graham Kennedy, TV personality
- Ella Hooper, singer for Killing Heidi
- Deborah Conway, musicians
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Caulfield (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- Murray PR and Wells JC (1980), From sand, swamp and heath..., The City of Caulfield, p. 1, ISBN 978-0-9598392-6-5
- Phoenix Auctions History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 February 2021
- "64 Melbourne University - East Brighton". Public Transport Victoria.
- "67 Melbourne University - Carnegie". Public Transport Victoria.
- "605 Gardenvale - Flagstaff Station". Public Transport Victoria.
- "623 Glen Waverley - St Kilda via Mount Waverley & Chadstone & Carnegie". Public Transport Victoria.
- "624 Kew - Oakleigh via Caulfield & Carnegie & Darling and Chadstone (From 4-11-2018)". Public Transport Victoria.
- "Caulfield Railway Station (Caulfield East) - Public Transport Victoria". www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- "Elsternwick Railway Station (Elsternwick) - Public Transport Victoria". www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- "Glenhuntly Railway Station (Glen Huntly Road / Royal Avenue) - Public Transport Victoria". www.ptv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- Full Point Footy, Southern Football League, archived from the original on 1 January 2009, retrieved 21 October 2008
- Bridge, Carl, "Ponsford, William Harold (Bill) (1900–1991)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 23 January 2019
- "All together now, sing". The Age. 20 August 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2019.