Caulfield, Victoria

Coordinates: 37°53′02″S 145°01′36″E / 37.8840°S 145.0266°E / -37.8840; 145.0266
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'H' building at Monash University's Caulfield Campus
Caulfield is located in Melbourne
Coordinates37°53′02″S 145°01′36″E / 37.8840°S 145.0266°E / -37.8840; 145.0266
Population5,748 (2021 census)[1]
 • Density3,830/km2 (9,900/sq mi)
Elevation38 m (125 ft)
Area1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Location12 km (7 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s)City of Glen Eira
State electorate(s)Caulfield
Federal division(s)Macnamara
Suburbs around Caulfield:
Caulfield North Caulfield North Caulfield East
Elsternwick Caulfield Caulfield East
Elsternwick Caulfield South Glen Huntly

Caulfield is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Glen Eira local government area. Caulfield recorded a population of 5,748 at the 2021 census.[1]

It is bounded by Kooyong Road in the west, Glen Eira Road in the north, Glen Huntly Road in the south and Booran Road in the east.

Caulfield is best known as the location of Caulfield Racecourse and the Caulfield campus of Monash University.



The origin of the name of Caulfield is not known for certain, but the name seemed to be linked with Baron Caulfield of Ireland, perhaps through John Caulfield, a pioneer of the colony. The name Caulfield was in use by 1853, and the early maps always place it somewhere around the racecourse.

Pre-European history[edit]

The local Yalukit people were coastal and dependent on seafoods, so few Aboriginal relics have been found in Caulfield.[2] Nevertheless, some contact did occur in the area between Aborigines and British settlers. Murrum Murrumbean was a local native from whom the placename Murrumbeena derives. Frederick Chapman (later Justice of the New Zealand Supreme Court) was able to recollect a corroboree which took place in Hotham Street, involving hundreds of Gippsland Aborigines.[2]


In the mid nineteenth century, the Caulfield area was swampy, low-lying ground. It served as watering and pasture land for the pastoralists driving stock from Gippsland to Melbourne.[2] In the 1840s, several distinct communities had arisen throughout the area. Owensville was located around the western end of Glen Eira Road. Alma Road Village was another middle class area further north. Camden Town was a working class area at the junction of Glen Huntly and Hawthorn Roads. Meanwhile, the area south of Paddy's Swamp (now Caulfield Park) developed into the main commercial area of Caulfield. Initially the Black Chapel at that point served as the area's first church. This building was soon converted to Boxill's general store.[2] The whole area was proclaimed the Caulfield Road District in 1857. It served as a location for several grand mansions for wealthy Melbourne citizens over the following decades. Caulfield Post Office opened on 1 January 1863 and closed in 1974. Caulfield Junction Post Office opened in 1923 and remains open.[3]


Historical population

At the 2016 census, Caulfield had a population of 5,595. 53.0% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were South Africa 5.4%, China 3.3%, Israel 3.0%, Poland 2.8% and England 2.3%. 63.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Russian 6.0%, Hebrew 4.1%, Greek 3.8% and Mandarin 3.4%. The most common responses for religion in Caulfield were Judaism 40.5%, No Religion 21.6% and Catholic 10.5%.[4]

Parks and open space[edit]

Caulfield Park, which is nearby in Caulfield North, is a large (approximately 26 hectare) Victorian garden flanked by Hawthorn, Balaclava and Inkerman Roads and Park Crescent, which features a war memorial, a decorative lake and playing fields for various sports.


Caulfield train Station entrance

The principal north–south roads that serve the suburb are Kooyong Road, Hawthorn Road, Bambra Road, Kambrook Road, and Booran Road. The major east–west roads are Glen Eira Road, Neerim Road, and Glen Huntly Road.

Two tram routes serve the suburb;

Three bus routes serve the suburb;

No railway lines serve the suburb, with the closest stations being on the Cranbourne, Frankston, Pakenham, and Sandringham lines.

Stations in the neighbouring suburbs of Caulfield East, Elsternwick and Glen Huntly;


The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Southern Football League.[13]

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Caulfield (Suburbs and Localities)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 July 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b c d Murray PR and Wells JC (1980), From sand, swamp and heath..., The City of Caulfield, p. 1, ISBN 978-0-9598392-6-5
  3. ^ Phoenix Auctions History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 February 2021
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Caulfield (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 October 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  5. ^ "64 Melbourne University - East Brighton". Public Transport Victoria.
  6. ^ "67 Melbourne University - Carnegie". Public Transport Victoria.
  7. ^ "605 Gardenvale - Flagstaff Station". Public Transport Victoria.
  8. ^ "623 Glen Waverley - St Kilda via Mount Waverley & Chadstone & Carnegie". Public Transport Victoria.
  9. ^ "624 Kew - Oakleigh via Caulfield & Carnegie & Darling and Chadstone (From 4-11-2018)". Public Transport Victoria.
  10. ^ "Caulfield Railway Station (Caulfield East) - Public Transport Victoria". Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Elsternwick Railway Station (Elsternwick) - Public Transport Victoria". Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Glenhuntly Railway Station (Glen Huntly Road / Royal Avenue) - Public Transport Victoria". Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  13. ^ Full Point Footy, Southern Football League, archived from the original on 1 January 2009, retrieved 21 October 2008
  14. ^ "All together now, sing". The Age. 20 August 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  15. ^ Bridge, Carl, "Ponsford, William Harold (Bill) (1900–1991)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 23 January 2019

External links[edit]