|City and Commune|
|• Alcalde||Juan Carlos Muñoz Rojas (RN)|
|• Total||2,126.3 km2 (821.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||135 m (443 ft)|
|Population (2012 Census)|
|• Density||18/km2 (47/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT  (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST  (UTC-3)|
|Area code(s)||56 + 73|
|Website||Official website (Spanish)|
According to the historical records of Alonso de Ercilla, Cauquenes was originally inhabited by an indigenous community of the Promaucaes, known as the Cauqui by the Inca or cauquenes by the Spanish and that gave their name to Cauquenes River. They lived to the south of the Maule River and north of the Itata River and owned a settlement in the place where the city lies today. The city of Cauquenes was founded on May 9, 1742, de "Villa of Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes de José de Manso del Tutuvén", in the land located between the rivers Tutuvén and Cauquenes, that the Promaucae cacique (chieftain) Ascensio Galdámez and his wife Micaela de Araya donated to the Kingdom of Spain. Cauquenes' founder was the then Governor of the Kingdom of Chile, José Antonio Manso de Velasco. The name of the city changed with time. With the law of 20 August 1826, which created the Maule Province, it became called "Villa de Cauquenes", and finally on 22 December of that year, it acquired the title of "Cauquenes".
27 February 2010 earthquake
According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Cauquenes spans an area of 2,126.3 km2 (821 sq mi) and has 41,217 inhabitants (20,092 men and 21,125 women). Of these, 30,771 (74.7%) lived in urban areas and 10,446 (25.3%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 2.3% (938 persons).
Other localities in the commune of Cauquenes include the following:
- Sauzal, pop: 521
- Quella, pop: 346
- Santa Sofía, pop: 612
- Altitude: 136 metres (446 ft)
- Latitude: 35° 58' S
- Longitude: 072° 21' W
As a commune, Cauquenes is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Juan Carlos Muñoz Rojas (RN).The municipal council has the following members:
- Hernán Valenzuela Sepúlveda (PDC)
- Luis Ceroni García (PPD)
- Guillermo García González (UDI)
- Domingo Leiva Mena (PS)
- Manuel Vergara Del Río (RN)
- Alejandra Concha Urrutia (PPD)
Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Cauquenes is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Guillermo Ceroni (PPD) and Ignacio Urrutia (UDI) as part of the 40th electoral district, (together with Longaví, Retiro, Parral, Pelluhue and Chanco). The commune is represented in the Senate by Hernán Larraín (UDI) and Ximena Rincón González (PDC) as part of the 11th senatorial constituency (Maule-South).
- "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "Municipality of Cauquenes" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Comentarios reales, 2da_VII_20 20
- Juan Ignacio Molina, Compendio de la historia civil del reyno de Chile, pg. 9.
- Wall Street Journal, "Chile Power Firms: Slow Process Restoring Power In Quake Zones", Matthew Cowley, 2 March 2010 (accessed 3 March 2010)