|Comune di Cavarzere|
City Hall of Cavarzere.
|Province / Metropolitan city||Venice (VE)|
|Frazioni||Boscochiaro, Grignella, Rottanova, San Pietro, Valcerere, Villaggio Busonera|
|• Mayor||Henri Tommasi (PD)|
|• Total||140.4 km2 (54.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2014)|
|• Density||100/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Maurus of Parentium|
|Saint day||November 22 and March 19|
Cavarzere (Italian pronunciation: [kaˈvardzere]) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Venice in the Italian region of Veneto, located about 35 kilometres (22 miles) southwest of Venice.
Cavarzere is located on a plain crossed by the Adige and numerous canals.
Cavarzere dates from the pre-Roman age as a military outpost of the nearby town of Hatria, the future Adria. The etymology of Cavarzere is from the Latin Caput Aggeris because once was the only village in the area having an embankment system. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it became a refuge for people escaping from barbarian invasion.
For this viable location (along the River Adige and not far from the Venetian Lagoon) as the last town before the Papal States, Cavarzere was destroyed by many artificial floods and invasions by the Lombards, the Genoese, the French and also from the Duchy of Ferrara. Cavarzere followed the fate of the Venetian Republic until the latter was annexed by the Austrian Empire with the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. After a brief rule of Kingdom of Italy (a protectorate of French Empire), with the Congress of Vienna in 1815 Cavarzere was annexed to the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. Since 1866 it became part of unified Italy.
The main economic sector of Cavarzere is agriculture. In the first part of 20th century, Cavarzere grew to become a city with a phase of industrialization. The process was interrupted by the flood of the river Po in 1951. Since that year, the region recorded a continuous decrease in population which reimmigration of these years could not counteract. The modern industrial area is based on manufacturing. Most people, however, commute to neighbouring cities.
Cavarzere is served by a bus service providing regular transport to all parts of the area and neighbouring towns, based on a large station. There is also a railway line which connects Adria to Venice having two stops in Cavarzere.
It has a medium school system based on primary and secondary schools and also on professional training institutes. Cavarzere is home to a small hospital belonging to ULSS 14 of Chioggia, a medical outpost named “cittadella socio-sanitaria”.
Cavarzere is twinned with:
- Cassino, Italy, since 1998
- Cugnaux, France, since 2001
- Settimo Torinese, Italy, since 2000
- Valinhos, Brazil, since 2010
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.