Cave Creek, Arizona

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Cave Creek, Arizona
Welcome to Cave Creek Marker
Welcome to Cave Creek Marker
Official seal of Cave Creek, Arizona
Location of Cave Creek in Maricopa County, Arizona
Location of Cave Creek in Maricopa County, Arizona
Cave Creek, Arizona is located in the United States
Cave Creek, Arizona
Cave Creek, Arizona
Location in the United States
Cave Creek, Arizona is located in Arizona
Cave Creek, Arizona
Cave Creek, Arizona
Location in Arizona
Coordinates: 33°50′00″N 111°57′03″W / 33.83333°N 111.95083°W / 33.83333; -111.95083Coordinates: 33°50′00″N 111°57′03″W / 33.83333°N 111.95083°W / 33.83333; -111.95083
CountryUnited States
 • MayorErnie Bunch
 • Total37.72 sq mi (97.68 km2)
 • Land37.71 sq mi (97.66 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
2,126 ft (648 m)
 • Total5,015
 • Estimate 
 • Density154.82/sq mi (59.78/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85327, 85331
Area code(s)480
FIPS code04-11300
GNIS feature ID24771[4]
WebsiteOfficial website

Cave Creek is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. The largest city it borders is Phoenix.[5] According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 5,015.


Cave Creek was settled in 1870 by soldiers on horseback from Fort McDowell. In 1873, prospectors from the Bradshaw Mountains found gold in the town. The town is named for the cave next to the creek the town was founded on.[6][7]


Cave Creek is a town in the Sonoran Desert.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.2 square miles (73 km2), all land. It is adjacent to the town of Carefree, and shares local landmark Black Mountain with Carefree.

There are two notable streams known as Cave Creek in Arizona. One flows through the Town of Cave Creek and into Phoenix. This may be the origin of the town's name. The other Cave Creek (Cave Creek Canyon) is in the Chiricahua Mountains, 200 miles to the southeast.

In 2000, the state of Arizona, Maricopa County, and the town of Cave Creek bought Spur Cross Ranch, a 2,154-acre (8.72 km2) tract of Sonoran desert just north of Phoenix, for $21 million. It had unusual cacti, stone formations, and hundreds of pre-history Hohokam Indian tribal artifacts, and is now a Maricopa County park.[8]


The hot season lasts for 6 months, from May 31 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 110 °F. The hottest day of the year is July 3, with an average high of 115 °F and low of 93 °F.

The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 20 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 69 °F. The coldest day of the year is December 27, with an average low of 41 °F and high of 61 °F.[9]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)5,838[3]16.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,728 people, 1,571 households, and 1,101 families residing in the town. The population density was 132.0 people per square mile (51.0/km2). There were 1,753 housing units at an average density of 62.1 per square mile (24.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.0% White, <0.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.6% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.

Out of the 1,571 households some 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 20.9% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 36.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $59,938, and the median income for a family was $76,549. Males had a median income of $50,399 versus $31,607 for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,070. About 6.0% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Historic properties located at the Cave Creek Museum include the Tubercular Cabin (listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)), the First Church of Cave Creek, and Golden Reef Stamp Mill. Two historic properties have been converted into restaurants: the Cave Creek Inn, and the Cave Creek Service Station (listed on NRHP). Another location, Frontier Town, has some of Cave Creek's original structures.[11][12][13]


In June 2009, Cave Creek attracted media attention when a game of chance was used to break a tie in a vote for Town Council. The drawing of playing cards led to the victory of 25-year-old law student Adam Trenk[14] over incumbent Town Council member Thomas McGuire. The Arizona State Constitution allows a game of chance to be used to break ties.[15]

"Where the Wild West Lives" was adopted as the town motto by the Cave Creek Town Council during a November 2013 meeting.[16]


The portion of Cave Creek west of longitude 111°59'44.21"W is served by Deer Valley Unified School District and the remainder of the town by Cave Creek Unified School District.



Cave Creek residents use Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport or Mesa Gateway Airport to fly on commercial airlines.[citation needed] Deer Valley Airport, the closest airport to Cave Creek, is a very active general aviation airport.

Notable people[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cave Creek
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Greg Gordon (October 27, 2008). "McCain pushed regulators for land swap, despite pledge". McClatchy Newspapers. Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  11. ^ Cave Creek Out Door Exhibits
  12. ^ National Register of Historic Places
  13. ^ Arizona Republic
  14. ^
  15. ^ Archibold, Randal C. Election at a Draw, Arizona Town Cuts a Deck, The New York Times, June 16, 2009. Accessed 2009-08-25.
  16. ^ Carcamo, Cindy. (November 7, 2013). A showdown between Arizona towns over motto. The Los Angeles Times. Archived November 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Arizona Republic
  18. ^ McLellan, Sarah (October 12, 2016). "Hockey, horses constants for Arizona Coyotes' Shane Doan". azcentral. The Arizona Republic. Retrieved October 13, 2016.

External links[edit]