Cave nectar bat

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cave nectar bat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Pteropodidae
Genus: Eonycteris
Species: E. spelaea
Binomial name
Eonycteris spelaea
(Dobson, 1871)
Cave Nectar Bat area.png
Cave Nectar Bat range
Synonyms [1]
  • Eonycteris bernsteini Tate, 1942
  • Macroglossus spelaeus Dobson, 1871

Cave nectar bat (Eonycteris spelaea), common names also include dawn bat, common dawn bat, common nectar bat and lesser dawn bat ,[1] is a species of megabat within the genus Eonycteris. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and caves, and it is threatened by habitat loss. E. spelaea is the sole pollinator of the durian fruit, a crop that contributes $120 million US dollars to the economies of Southeast Asia each year.[citation needed]

Distribution[edit]

E. spelaea is found in India, China, Southeast Asia, Philippines, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. It had been previously recorded from Gomantong, Sukau, Segama and Madai in Sabah; Niah, Sungai Tinjar and Kuching in Sarawak; and Sungai Tengah and Kutai in Kalimantan .[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c C. Francis, G. Rosell-Ambal, B. Tabaranza, P. Carino, K. Helgen, S. Molur & C. Srinivasulu (2008). "Eonycteris spelaea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved February 2, 2010. 
  2. ^ J. Payne, C. M. Francis & K. Phillipps (1985). A field guide to the mammals of Borneo. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah: The Sabah Society. ISBN 978-967-99947-1-1.