The town hosts a well known beach at the southernmost tip of the Salcete beach stretch that starts from Majorda in the north to Cavelossim in the south. The Sal river flows into the Arabian Sea at the south of this town.
This town was the original above of goddess Shri Shantadurga located at Kawlem, which is one of the largest temples in the state. The idol was taken from Cavelossim to Kawlem in Pondataluka (Antruz Mhal) during the Portuguese inquisition of Goa.[unreliable source?]Chattrapati Shahu donated money to rebuild the temple at Kawlem, as a part of donations to rebuild various temples to deities that were moved during the inquisition.
As of the 2011 India census, Cavelossim had a population of 1955. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Cavelossim had an average literacy rate of 90.35%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy was 93.12% and female literacy 87.56 %. 9.87 % of the population was under 6 years of age.
Cavelossim beach is known for its contrasting black rocks and white sand. It is ranked 19th in Asia by Tripadvisor 2016 and 5th in India Cavelossim Beach is located at 15 km south of Margao, the district headquarters of South Goa. Other neighbouring beaches include Carmona Beach to the north and Mobar Beach to the south. Cavelossim Beach is a beach with white sand and black lava rocks. The beach lies in between the river Sal along the east and the Arabian sea to its west. Being a peaceful beach, Cavelossim attracts a lot of tourists.Besides relaxing or swimming on the beach one can also go for dolphin sighting boat trips in the sea.
Like many other Goan villages, Cavelossim most popular sport is football. Santa Cruz Club of Cavelossim, a Football club based in Cavelossim represents them in Goa's top tier league, the Goa Professional League. They play home matches at the Cavelossim Football Ground.