Cawston Road Mill, Aylsham

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Aylsham Windmill
Aylsham Cawston Rd Mill.jpg
The mill in 2007
Origin
Mill name Aylsham Mill
Mill location TG 1858 2651
Coordinates 52°28′07″N 1°10′29″E / 52.46861°N 1.17472°E / 52.46861; 1.17472Coordinates: 52°28′07″N 1°10′29″E / 52.46861°N 1.17472°E / 52.46861; 1.17472
Operator(s) Private
Year built 1826 (1826)
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Tower mill
Storeys Seven storeys
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Double Patent sails
Winding Fantail
Fantail blades Eight blades
Auxiliary power Steam engine
No. of pairs of millstones Three pairs, a fourth pair worked by engine
Year lost 1920
Other information Demolition abandoned in 1920

Cawston Road Mill is a tower mill at Aylsham, Norfolk, England which has been truncated and converted for use as a holiday home.

History[edit]

Cawston Road Mill was built in 1826 for Henry Soame. He died in 1833 and the mill passed to his son George. He ran the mill for a number of years before leasing it out. Miller John Neech became bankrupt in 1860 and George Soame took over the mill again.[1] The mill was offered for sale by auction on 18 June 1864 at the Dog Inn, Aylsham. A 6 horsepower (4.5 kW) steam engine had been installed to supply auxiliary power by this time.[2] In 1865, Soame defaulted on a mortgage on the mill and it was offered for sale by auction at the Dog Inn on 9 May 1865.[1]

The mill was purchased for £370 by Henry Edward Soame,[2] the brother of George. He leased the mill to James Faulke.[1] Soame died on 31 July 1872 and the mill was sold by auction at the Black Boys Inn, Aylsham on 24 September 1872.[2] The mill was purchased for £315 by James Davidson, who also operated the Buttlands Mill in Aylsham. Davidson ran the mill until 1896 when he ran into financial difficulties and the mill was sold by auction on 17 March 1896 at the Black Boys Inn. Charles Stapleton bought the mill for £100, and then resold it to James Davidson Jr for £125. In 1900, Davidson defaulted on the mortgage and the mill was sold to Samuel Lomax, a butcher in Aylsham, for £200. The mill was not able to be powered by wind at this time as it had been struck by lightning and it was struck again in 1912.[1]

During the First World War, the mill was used by a unit of the Royal Army Veterinary Corps. The cap and sails were blown off in about 1920[2] and it was decided to demolish the mill, but it was so solidly built that work was halted when just over one storey had been removed.[1] The empty mill tower stood for many years with jagged brickwork.[1] In 1998, the mill tower was converted to serve as holiday accommodation. The conversion of the mill was rewarded by an Enhancement Award for Conservation by Broadland District Council.[2]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Cawston Road Mill was a seven storey tower mill which had a boat shaped cap winded by an eight bladed fantail. It had four double Patent sails each having nine bays of three shutters and drove three pairs of millstones, with a fourth pair driven by engine. A stage was provided at second floor level.[1]

Millers[edit]

  • Henry Soame 1826–33
  • George Soame 1833–45
  • William Drake Gardiner
  • Harris and John Neech –1760
  • George Soame 1860–65
  • James Faulke 1868–78
  • James Davidson 1872–1896
  • James Davison Jr 1896–1900

Reference for above:-[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Apling, Harry (1984). Norfolk Corn Windmills, Volume 1. Norwich: The Norfolk Windmills Trust. pp. 217–19. ISBN 0-9509793-0-9. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Aylsham Cawston Road towermill". Norfolk Mills. Retrieved 24 June 2009. 

External links[edit]