Cayambe (volcano)

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Volcan Cayambe.JPG
Cayambe in August 2009
Highest point
Elevation5,790 m (19,000 ft)
Prominence2,075 m (6,808 ft)
Coordinates0°1′30″N 77°59′20″W / 0.02500°N 77.98889°W / 0.02500; -77.98889Coordinates: 0°1′30″N 77°59′20″W / 0.02500°N 77.98889°W / 0.02500; -77.98889
LocationPichincha, Ecuador
Parent rangeAndes
Mountain typeCompound volcano
Volcanic arc/beltNorth Volcanic Zone
Last eruption1785 to 1786
First ascent1880 by Edward Whymper
Easiest routerock/snow climb

Cayambe or Volcán Cayambe is a volcano in Ecuador, in the Cordillera Central, a range of the Ecuadorian Andes. It is located in Pichincha Province, some 70 km (43 mi) northeast of Quito. It is the third-highest mountain in Ecuador, at an elevation of 5,790 m (18,996 ft) above sea level.

Cayambe Volcano in 2017
Climbers on Cayambe

Cayambe, which has a permanent snow cap, is a Holocene compound volcano which last erupted in March 1786.[1] At 4,690 metres (15,387 ft) on its south slope is the highest point in the world crossed by the Equator, and the only point on the Equator with snow cover. The volcano and most of its slopes are within the Cayambe Coca Ecological Reserve.

Cayambe was first climbed by British adventurer Edward Whymper and his two Italian guides and companions Jean-Antoine Carrel and Louis Carrel in 1880,[2] and it remains a favorite of mountaineers today.

Cayambe's peak is the point of Earth's surface farthest from its axis; thus it rotates the fastest as Earth spins.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cayambe". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. ^ "Cayambe". Volcano World. Oregon State University. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  3. ^ Klenke, Paul. "Distance to the Center of the Earth". Summit Post. Retrieved 4 July 2018.

External links[edit]