|1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines|
June 11, 1901 – April 12, 1920
|Appointed by||William McKinley|
|Preceded by||Newly Established|
|Succeeded by||Victorino Mapa|
|Born||Cayetano Arellano y Lonzón
March 2, 1847
Udyong, Bataan, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||December 23, 1920
Manila, Philippine Islands
|Resting place||La Loma Cemetery|
|Children||Asuncion B. Arellano|
|Alma mater||Colegio de San Juan de Letran
University of Santo Tomas
Cayetano Arellano y Lonzón (March 2, 1847 – December 23, 1920) was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines under the American Civil Government. Cayetano Arellano, was an American collaborator Filipino lawyer who had occupied a high position in Aguinaldo's government. He conspired with the Americans under General Otis and re-established the Audiencia Territorial, and renamed it the Supreme Court. He was Chief Justice from 1901 until his retirement on April 12, 1920, making him the longest serving Chief Justice.
He was born in Udyong (now Orion), Bataan to Servando Arellano, a working Spaniard and Crispora Lonzón, a meeting in Bataan. He started as a working student in Colegio de San Juan de Letran. After finishing his High School he transferred to University of Santo Tomas, where he finished his Bachelor of Philosophy in 1862 and Bachelor of Theology in 1867, he then continued studying and finished law in 1876. During the Spanish regime, he was appointed as a Magistrado Suplente of the Audiencia Tribunal de Manila. He later become the Chief Justice of the Provisional Supreme Court created by the military in 1899.
Arellano, together with Pedro Paterno, Benito Legarda, Florentino Torres and Felipe Buencamino, testified before the Schurman Commission that the Philippines was not yet ready for self-rule. They together form the Federal Party to "promote the annexation of the Philippines as a state". In lieu of this objective, they petitioned the U.S. Congress to create representation, as well as a Philippine Congress and a federal Court.
Upon the onset of the American civil government in 1901, William Howard Taft appointed Arellano as the first Supreme Court Chief Justice.
He was married with housewife Rosa Bernas with daughter Asuncion B. Arellano.
Many historians agree that the legacy of Arellano is for being one of the persons who literally 'placed' the Philippines under American Rule, he was considered a traitor and a lackey of the American rule in the Philippines. It was shown that he was pro-American from the start. A barangay in Orion, Bataan was named after his surname (Arellano).
Monument of Cayetano Arellano in his hometown (Orion, Bataan)
- "Our Heritage and the Departed: A Cemeteries Tour". Presidential Museum & Library (Philippines). Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- Cruz, Isagani A. (2000). Res Gestae: A Brief History of the Supreme Court. Rex Book Store, Manila
|Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines