Cazenovia (village), New York
|Cazenovia, New York|
Downtown Cazenovia in Winter 2008
|• Total||1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)|
|• Land||1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,224 ft (373 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0946090|
Cazenovia is a village located in the Town of Cazenovia in Madison County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the village had a population of 2,835. The village lies on the southeast shore of Cazenovia Lake, which is approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) long and .5 miles across. The village is located on US Route 20 and is home to Cazenovia College.
Cazenovia was established in 1794 by John Lincklaen, a young Dutch naval officer who purchased the town under the auspices of the Holland Land Company. Some of the first buildings established in Cazenovia were what is now the Presbyterian Church and the company store. The town is named after Theophilus Cazenove, an agent with the land company.
The village was incorporated in 1810 and was the first county seat (until 1817). Many of the village's historic buildings are encompassed by the Albany Street Historic District and Cazenovia Village Historic District. Also listed on the National Register of Historic Places is the Lehigh Valley Railroad Depot.
In 1850 Cazenovia was the site of the famous Fugitive Slave Law Convention organized by abolitionist Gerrit Smith and chaired by former slave Frederick Douglass to protest the proposed Fugitive Slave Act.
The Lorenzo State Historic Site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in July 1970. This land, located off Route 13 (Rippleton Road), now belongs to the NY Historic Start Trust after being bought from the previous owner, George Ledyard, upon his death. There is a school house, mansion, farmhouse, and a landscaped garden that guests can tour throughout the year by appointment or during regular hours.
In 2005, the Cazenovia High School Academic Decathlon team won the school's first state title, sending the team to the national competition in Chicago. The team retained its state title the following four years, traveling to national competitions in San Antonio, Texas in 2006, Honolulu, Hawaii in 2007, Anaheim, California in 2008, and Memphis, Tennessee in 2009.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,614 people, 943 households, and 522 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,660.3 people per square mile (642.8/km²). There were 1,031 housing units at an average density of 654.8 per square mile (253.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.37% White, 2.41% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.04%, 0.27% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.75% of the population.
There were 943 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 38.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the village, the population was spread out with 18.1% under the age of 18, 26.1% from 18 to 24, 19.9% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 73.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 67.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $43,611, and the median income for a family was $61,750. Males had a median income of $45,662 versus $30,893 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,424. About 2.8% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Ellen Miller (June 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Albany Street Historic District". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
- Nancy Todd (August 1985). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Cazenovia Village Historic District". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Robert A. Baker (February 4, 2005). "Cazenovia convention: A meeting of minds to abolish slavery". The Post-Standard. Retrieved 2015-02-09.
- http://www.lorenzony.org/history Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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