Cazneaux Tree

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cazneaux Tree
CSIRO ScienceImage 4682 Casneauxs Tree with the ramparts of Wilpena Pound in the background Flinders Ranges SA 1992.jpg
Cazneaux Tree 1992
LocationFlinders Ranges, South Australia, Australia within the Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park.
Coordinates31°31′13″S 138°38′14″E / 31.520344°S 138.637187°E / -31.520344; 138.637187Coordinates: 31°31′13″S 138°38′14″E / 31.520344°S 138.637187°E / -31.520344; 138.637187[1]
Cazneaux Tree is located in South Australia
Cazneaux Tree
Location in South Australia
Cazneaux Tree 2013
Interpretive sign for the Cazneaux Tree, in the Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park

The Cazneaux Tree, also known as Cazneaux's Tree, is a Eucalyptus camaldulensis or river red gum that was made famous by the photographer Harold Cazneaux. It is located in the Australian state of South Australia in the locality of Flinders Ranges near Wilpena Pound.[1][2][3] The tree is located within the boundaries of the Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park on the west side of the Flinders Ranges Way about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) north-east of the Wilpena Pound Resort.[1][4]

The tree was listed by the National Trust of South Australia as significant tree #239 on the Trust's Register of Significant Trees because of "its outstanding aesthetic beauty".[5]

The tree was photographed in 1937 by Cazneaux in a picture entitled The Spirit of Endurance[6] which brought him international recognition. The tree is now an important landmark and a tourist drawcard for the area, attracting photographers and artists.[7]

With a height of 29 metres (95 ft) and a circumference at the base of 11.4 metres (37 ft)[8] the tree dominates the otherwise flat arid plateau[9] composed primarily of grasslands.

A plaque funded by Cazneaux's grandson, Dick Smith, was placed at the site in 1991.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Search result for "Cazneaux Tree" with the following layers selected - "NPW and Conservation Properties", "Suburbs and Localities" and "Gazetteer"". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Cazneaux Tree". Australian Native Plants Society. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Eucalypts". Australian Government. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Ikara - Flinders Ranges National Park: Wilpena Pound (map)" (PDF). Government of South Australia. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Significant Tree 239: Cazneaux's Tree, Flinders Ranges". National Trust South Australia. Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Famous South Australian Trees". Flinders Range Research. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Cazneaux Tree". Travelling Australia. 8 May 2009. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  8. ^ Dean Nicolle. "Big and Famous Trees gallery". Currency Creek Arboretum. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  9. ^ Paula McManus (9 September 2013). "Cazneaux's Tree @ Flinders Ranges". Weekend Notes. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  10. ^ Arthur Ward (16 May 2016). "The Cazneaux Tree". Adelaide Bushwalkers. Retrieved 25 December 2017.