Ceccano

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Ceccano
Comune di Ceccano
PanoramicadiCeccano.jpg
Coat of arms of Ceccano
Coat of arms
Location of Ceccano
Ceccano is located in Italy
Ceccano
Ceccano
Location of Ceccano in Italy
Ceccano is located in Lazio
Ceccano
Ceccano
Ceccano (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°34′N 13°20′E / 41.567°N 13.333°E / 41.567; 13.333
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceFrosinone (FR)
Government
 • MayorRoberto Caligiore
Area
 • Total60 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
200 m (700 ft)
Population
 (28 February 2017)[2]
 • Total23,449
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ceccanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
03023
Dialing code0775
Patron saintSt. John the Baptist
Saint day24 June
WebsiteOfficial website

Ceccano is a town and comune in the province of Frosinone, Lazio, central Italy, in the Latin Valley.

History[edit]

The town had its origins as an ancient Volscian citadel that surrendered to the Romans in 424 BC.[3] Its name in ancient times was Fabrateria Vetus.

According to tradition, the name was changed into the current one in the early Middle Ages, in honor of one Petronius Ceccanus, father of Pope Honorius I. Conquered by the Lombards at the time of King Aistulf (c. 750), later it became an important fortress of the Papal territories. In 1218, a monk from nearby Fossanova Abbey compiled the Annals of Ceccano. From 900 to 1450 it was ruled by the local Counts of Ceccano, most likely of German origin; later their territories were assigned to Rodrigo Borgia by Pope Alexander VI and then to the Colonna family.

From 3 November 1943 and 31 May 1944, during World War II, the town suffered 38 air attacks from Allied forces despite having no strategical importance; in one of them the Church of Santa Maria a Fiume, a national monument, was destroyed. Canadian Army war artist Charles Comfort painted the town as it appeared during the Second World War.

Main sights[edit]

  • Church of Santa Maria a Fiume (13th century), rebuilt on the original lines after the destruction in World War II
  • Church of San Nicola (12th century), including columns with inscriptions in Lombard style.
  • Castello dei Conti, a medieval castle overlooking the Sacco River Valley.

During excavations for the construction of the TAV high speed railroad, remains of a large Roman villa have been discovered.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ The History of Rome, Book II, Theodor Mommsen, (Kessinger Publishing, 2004), p. 112.