Cecil James Marchant
|Born||15 June 1895|
|Died||30 May 1965(aged 69)|
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1913–1919|
|Unit||King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry|
The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment)
No 46 Squadron RFC/No. 46 Squadron RAF
|Battles/wars||World War I|
• Western Front
Early life and military career
Cecil James Marchant was born in London, and enlisted into the Army in 1913, when he was 18 years old. He served in the 2nd Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, and had achieved the rank of sergeant by 8 October 1914, when he received a mention in despatches from the Commander-in-Chief, Field-Marshal Sir John French. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the 14th Battalion, The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment) on 22 July 1915.
Marchant served about 18 months in the trenches, before being transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. He was granted Royal Aero Club Aviator's Certificate No. 3971 on 1 August 1916, and was appointed a flying officer the same day, as was customary on completion of pilot training, and transferred to the General List.
On 1 January 1918, Marchant was appointed a flight commander with the temporary rank of captain. He returned to No. 46 Squadron in February 1918, which had been re-equipped with the Sopwith Camel. He scored his first aerial victory on 22 March, and ran his tally to nine over the next 45 days.
- Temporary Captain Cecil James Merchant, General List and Royal Flying Corps.
- "For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He, with two other pilots of his squadron, bombed a freight train from a height of 50 feet, three trucks being derailed. Again, on a later occasion he, with five other pilots, bombed and fired at a column of enemy transport with such good effect that three-quarters of the personnel became casualties and most of the vehicles were destroyed. Whilst on a low bombing reconnaissance during the recent operations he brought down two hostile two-seater machines out of control and shot down a third in flames. He has at all times displayed marked gallantry and resource."
On 2 July 1918, Marchant was severely enough wounded to require removal from combat duty for hospitalization. He was temporarily appointed a 3rd Class Staff Officer in the Air Ministry on 6 October 1918, and again on 10 February 1919. On 20 March 1919, he was appointed an adjutant; this time, he was an acting captain, though drawing the pay and allowances as a lieutenant.
List of aerial victories
|1||22 March 1918
Serial number C1554
|LVG reconnaissance aircraft||Driven down out of control||Bullecourt||Victory shared with Donald Roderick MacLaren|
|2||23 March 1918
|Reconnaissance aircraft||Driven down out of control||Croisilles|
|3||23 March 1918
|Reconnaissance aircraft||Set afire; destroyed||Mory|
|4||23 March 1918
|Sopwith Camel||Albatros D.V||Driven down out of control||Morchies|
|5||3 April 1918
|Albatros reconnaissance aircraft||Destroyed||Map grid 57 D L32||Victory shared with Maurice Freehill|
|6||20 April 1918
|Albatros reconnaissance aircraft||Destroyed||Harnes||Victory shared with Maurice Freehill|
|7||25 April 1918||Sopwith Camel||LVG reconnaissance aircraft||Destroyed||West of Lens||Victory shared with Philip Tudhope|
|8||2 May 1918
|Pfalz D.III||Driven down out of control||Estaires||Victory shared with John Henry Smith|
|9||6 May 1918
|Sopwith Camel||DFW reconnaissance aircraft||Captured||Saint-Venant||Victory shared with Victor Yeates, John Henry Smith, Donald Roderick MacLaren, H T W Manwaring|
Post World War I
Cecil James Marchant died on 30 May 1965.
- "Cecil James Marchant". The Aerodrome. 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- Shores et.al. (1990), p.259.
- "No. 28942". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 October 1914. p. 8355.
- "No. 29242". The London Gazette. 27 July 1915. p. 7331.
- "No. 29723". The London Gazette. 25 August 1916. p. 8399.
- "No. 30314". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 September 1917. p. 10116.
- "No. 30473". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 January 1918. p. 782.
- "No. 30761". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 June 1918. p. 7418.
- "No. 31147". The London Gazette. 28 January 1919. p. 1372.
- "No. 31196". The London Gazette. 21 February 1919. p. 2616.
- "No. 31399". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 June 1919. p. 7517.
- "46th Squadron Annual Dinner". Flight. XIII (639): 215. 24 March 1921. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- "Reunions". Flight. XXXV (1579): 320. 30 March 1939. Retrieved 27 May 2015.