He was educated at Merton College, Oxford (Ph.D., 1924) and later returned to Oxford as Reader in Post-Biblical Jewish Studies from 1939 to 1964. Thereafter he was visiting professor at Bar-Ilan University, Israel (1964–1965), and at the City University of New York (1966–1969).
His works number over 600 items, including:
- Roth, Cecil (1974) . A History of the Marranos (5th ed.). New York, USA: Sepher-Hermon Press. ISBN 0872031381.
- Life of Menasseh Ben Israel (Philadelphia, 1934)
- Roth Haggadah (1934)
- Magna Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica: a Bibliographical Guide to Anglo-Jewish History (London, 1937)
- The Spanish Inquisition (Robert Hale Limited 1937)
- Anglo-Jewish Letters, 1158-1917 (London, 1938)
- History of the Great Synagogue (of London), available online, as part of the at the Susser Archive of JCR-UK
- The Jewish Contribution to Civilization (New York 1941)
- History of the Jews in England (Oxford, 1941)
- History of the Jews in Italy (Philadelphia, 1946)
- The Rise of Provincial Jewry (Oxford, 1950), available online, as part of the Susser Archive of JCR-UK
- History of the Jews (initially published as A Bird's-Eye View of Jewish History) (1954)
- The Jews in the Renaissance (Philadelphia, 1959)
- Jewish Art (1961)
- The Dead Sea Scrolls (1965)
- "ROTH, Cecil". Who Was Who. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Levens, R.G.C., ed. (1964). Merton College Register 1900-1964. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. p. 120.
- "Dr Cecil Roth". The Times. 22 June 1970. p. 12. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Lipman, Vivian David. "Roth, Cecil." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed. Vol. 17. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 479-480. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 15 Oct. 2014.
- "History of the Great Synagogue". JCR-UK. jewishgen.org. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
- Roth, Cecil. "A History Of The Jews In England". Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "The Rise of Provincial Jewry". JCR-UK. jewishgen.org. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
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