July 22, 1948 |
Cecilia Vicuña (born July 22, 1948) is a Chilean poet, artist, and filmmaker. Her work is noted for themes of language, memory, decay and exile. Critics also note the relevance of her work to the politics ecological destruction, cultural homogenization, and economic disparity, particularly the way in which such phenomena disenfranchise the already powerless.
Vicuña was born and raised in Santiago de Chile in 1948, but went into exile in London in 1973 following the death of President Salvador Allende and the 1973 Chilean coup d'état led by General Augusto Pinochet.
She performs her poetry internationally, frequently in conjunction with exhibitions or art installations, and documents her performances in videos, the Vicuña audio page at Pennsound, and the 2012 collection Spit Temple: The Selected Performances of Cecilia Vicuna which includes transcriptions, commentary, and audience commentaries.
Vicuña has authored and published sixteen books of her visual art installations and poetry books, most of which have been translated into several languages. These include Saboramí (1973), a book made in collaboration with Felipe Ehrenberg that resembles a personal diary, The Precarious/Precario (1983), Cloud Net (2000), Instan (2002) and Spit Temple (2010), a collection of her oral performances. In 2009 she co-edited the Oxford Book of Latin American Poetry with Ernesto Livon Grosman, an anthology of 500 years of Latin American Poetry, which the Washington Post called "magisterial".
Visual Art and Exhibitions
Vicuña creates "precarious works;" characteristic of Vicuña's work is her use of materials that are often fragile, worn by the elements and/or biodegradable: the return to the environment. She describes her work as a way of "hearing an ancient silence waiting to be heard." In 1966 she began creating sculptural interventions called precarios, combining ritual and assemblage and typically throw-away materials such as yarn, sticks, feathers, leaves, stones and bones. Linked to the sacred wild Andean vicuña animal by name, Cecilia Vicuña utilized the wool of these animals for her Cloud-Net installation series as a metaphoric tool. The visual language of this series resulted in large-scale warp and weft installations within rural and urban environments—weavings—thus linking Vicuña to the Feminist Art Movement's Pattern and Decoration Movement.
Museums that have exhibited her work include the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de Santiago, the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA), Art in General, New York City, the Whitechapel Art Gallery in London, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the University of California, Berkeley Art Museum, and MoMA, the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
- "Biografía de Cecilia Vicuña - Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes". Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-03-08.
- "Cecilia Vicuna". Poetry Foundation.
- Butler. WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution. The MIT Press. p. 312. ISBN 0914357999.
- "BAMPFA - Art Exhibitions - Cecilia Vicuña / MATRIX 154". archive.bampfa.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-28.
- Zegher. The Precarious: The Art and Poetry of Cecilia Vicuña. Wesleyan University Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-8195-6324-2.
- Vicuna, Cecilia (1967). "The No Manifesto of Tribu No". Make Literary Magazine.
- "La Tribu No". Memoria Chilena.
- Vicuña, Cecilia. "Cecilia Vicuña". PennSound.
- Vicuña, Cecilia (2012). Spit Temple: The Performances of Cecilia Vicuña. New York: Ugly Duckling Press. ISBN 1937027031.
- "Welcome to the SiteMaker Transition Project - Sitemaker Replacement Project". sitemaker.umich.edu.
- "Contemporary Hispanic Poets: Cultural Production in the Global, Digital Age By John Burns". www.cambriapress.com.
- Vicuña. Cloud Net. Art in General NYC. ISBN 1883967104.
- Vicuña. Instan. Kelsey Street Press. ISBN 0932716504.
- Vicuña. Spit Temple. Ugly Duckling Presse. ISBN 1937027031.
- Vicuña and Grosman. The Oxford Book of Latin American Poetry. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195124545.
- "PostPartisan - What Chavez Should Have Given Obama".
- Broude and Garrard. The Power of Feminist Art. Abrams, Inc. Publishers. p. 208. ISBN 0810937328.