Cecrops II

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In Greek mythology, Cecrops II (/ˈskrɒps/; Ancient Greek: Κέκροψ, Kékrops; gen.: Κέκροπος) was the legendary or semi-legendary seventh king of Athens and in whose reign the deeds of Dionysus and Perseus occurred.[1]

Family[edit]

Cecrops was the son of Pandion I, king of Athens[2][3] and possibly Zeuxippe, and thus brother to Erechtheus, Butes, Procne and Philomela. In some accounts, his parents were identified to be Erechtheus and the naiad Praxithea and thus he was brother to Pandorus, Metion, Procris, Creusa, Chthonia and Orithyia.

Cecrops married Metiadusa, daughter of Eupalamus (his brother[4] or a son of Metion[5]), by whom he became the father of his heir, Pandion II.[6][7]

Mythology[edit]

After Poseidon having destroyed Erechtheus and his house during the war between Athens and Eleusis, Cecrops being the eldest of the dead king's children, succeeded to the throne.[8] He was chosen by the appointed judge Xuthus, his brother-in-law, who was accordingly banished from the land by the rest of the sons of Erechtheus.[9]

After ruling for 40 years,[10] he was ousted by Metion and Pandorus, and fled to Aegilia or Aegialea where he would die.[citation needed]

Cecrops was succeeded in Athens by his son Pandion II (though Pandion II has also been said to be his nephew, the son of Erechtheus[citation needed]).

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Erechtheus
King of Athens Succeeded by
Pandion II

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eusebius, Chronography 66
  2. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.33.1
  3. ^ Cecrops was identified as the brother of Erechtheus and thus, the son of Pandion I as cited in Jerome, Chronicon B1347 & Eusebius, Chronography 66
  4. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.76.1
  5. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.15.8
  6. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.15.1
  7. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 1.5.3
  8. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.15.5
  9. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 7.1.2
  10. ^ Jerome, Chronicon B1347

References[edit]