Cedar Grove, New Jersey
|Cedar Grove, New Jersey|
|Township of Cedar Grove|
Pompton Avenue and Ridge Road
Map of Cedar Grove Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Cedar Grove, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||February 7, 1892 as Verona Township|
|Renamed||April 9, 1908 as Cedar Grove|
|Named for||Cedar trees|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Joseph Chiusolo (term ends June 30, 2016)|
|• Manager||Tom Tucci|
|• Clerk||Kathleen R. Stutz|
|• Total||4.378 sq mi (11.340 km2)|
|• Land||4.252 sq mi (11.014 km2)|
|• Water||0.126 sq mi (0.326 km2) 2.87%|
|Area rank||286th of 566 in state
9th of 22 in county
|Elevation||243 ft (74 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||12,542|
|• Rank||196th of 566 in state
15th of 22 in county
|• Density||2,918.6/sq mi (1,126.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||219th of 566 in state
15th of 22 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0882222|
Cedar Grove is a township in north central Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 12,411, reflecting an increase of 111 (+0.9%) from the 12,300 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 247 (+2.0%) from the 12,053 counted in the 1990 Census.
What is now Cedar Grove was originally incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature as the Township of Verona on February 7, 1892, from portions of Caldwell Township. Portions of the township were taken to create Verona borough, based on the results of a referendum held on April 30, 1907. On April 9, 1908, the name was formally changed to Cedar Grove. The township's name derives from the cedar trees that once covered its valley and hillsides.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Parks and recreation
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Local media
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Cedar Grove was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and portions of Livingston and West Orange.
In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres (57 km2) Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse's neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River.
Cedar Grove was originally a small farming community. In 1896, Essex County built the county mental institution in Cedar Grove known as Overbrook. In 1908, Cedar Grove was incorporated as a township. In the 1950s and 1960s, Cedar Grove became one of the destination suburbs in Essex County among those looking to escape urban living from Newark and New York City.
Cedar Grove was once home to Frank Dailey's Meadowbrook Ballroom, located on Route 23, which regularly hosted well-known bands and vocalists, including Buddy Rich, Glenn Miller, Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey, Frank Sinatra, and Jo Stafford. The ballroom, located on the old Pompton Turnpike, still stands, and is used by Sts. Kiril & Methodij Macedonian Orthodox Church.
The first Dinner Theatre was opened at The Meadowbrook on Route 23 in the fall of 1959 by Gary and Helga McHugh, it closed in 1973. An extensive web site about The Meadowbrook Dinner Theatre contains a listing of the productions done there, playbills from the productions, hundreds of photographs, and other information about the operation and its history.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.378 square miles (11.340 km2), including 4.252 square miles (11.014 km2) of land and 0.126 square miles (0.326 km2) of water (2.87%).
The township is located between the First and Second Watchung Mountains. The center of the township is in a valley that is about 280 feet (85 m) above sea level; however, many sections of Cedar Grove are well above 400 feet (120 m), including the Park Ridge Estates, the abandoned Essex County Hospital Center, and the eastern, southeastern and southern sections of Cedar Grove. Cedar Grove's highest point is on hilltop, where elevations reach 600 feet (180 m) and above. Cedar Grove is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) west of Midtown Manhattan and 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Newark.
The sections of Cedar Grove are:
North End: The North End of Cedar Grove starts after the corner of Fairview Avenue and Pompton Avenue. It consists mostly of homes, but there are some businesses located on Pompton Avenue, and at the corner of E. Lindsley Road and Stevens Avenue. A notable part of the north end of town is the Park Ridge Estates, which contain million dollar homes.
Central Cedar Grove: This consists of the center of town and extends from the corner of Fairview Avenue and Pompton Avenue to the corner of Bradford Avenue and Pompton Avenue. The central portion of the town contains Cedar Grove's business district. Also, on the west central side of town is the former location of the Essex County Hospital Center, and on the east central side is the Cedar Grove Reservoir and Mills Reservation.
South End: The south end of Cedar Grove is the most urbanized part of the township, as it contains homes that are closer together. The south end extends from the corner of Bradford Avenue and Pompton Avenue to the Verona border. There are mostly homes here, but there are some businesses on Pompton Avenue, including Burger King, the Pilgrim Diner, and Staples. Like the north end of town, the south end contains a section of million dollar homes.
Cedar Grove's population density is less than the surrounding towns of Montclair, Verona, and Little Falls, mainly because significant portions of Cedar Grove are owned or previously owned by county or city governments. The Essex County Hospital Center took up a good amount of land and was owned by Essex County. Mills Reservation is a county owned park, and the Cedar Grove Reservoir property is owned by the City of Newark.
Cedar Grove has a humid continental climate, with warm/hot humid summers and cool/cold winters. The climate is slightly colder overall during the summer and winter than in New York City because the urban heat island effect is not as prevalent.
January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s and low 40s and lows in the lower to mid 20s. July is the warmest months with high temperatures in the mid 80s and lows in the mid 60s. From April to June and from September to early November, Cedar Grove enjoys temperatures from the lower 60s to upper 70s. Rainfall is plentiful, with around 44 inches (1,100 mm) a year. Snowfall is common from mid January to early March and noreasters can bring a lot of snow. In January 1996, Cedar Grove received about record snowfall 3 feet (0.91 m) from the Blizzard of 1996.
|Climate data for Cedar Grove, New Jersey|
|Average high °F (°C)||38.0
|Average low °F (°C)||22.4
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.98
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||8.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||10.5||9.9||10.9||10.8||11.7||10.7||10.0||9.6||9.0||8.3||9.5||10.7||121.6|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||4.9||4.1||2.3||.4||0||0||0||0||0||0||.4||2.3||14.4|
|Population sources: 1900-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,411 people, 4,523 households, and 3,216 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,918.6 per square mile (1,126.9/km2). There were 4,661 housing units at an average density of 1,096.1 per square mile (423.2/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.01% (11,047) White, 2.47% (306) Black or African American, 0.05% (6) Native American, 6.53% (811) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.85% (106) from other races, and 1.08% (134) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.86% (727) of the population.
There were 4,523 households, of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the township, 20.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.8 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $95,152 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,156) and the median family income was $117,935 (+/- $15,917). Males had a median income of $81,330 (+/- $13,013) versus $51,525 (+/- $6,616) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $46,514 (+/- $3,662). About 0.0% of families and 0.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 12,300 people, 4,403 households, and 3,240 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,913.1 people per square mile (1,125.4/km2). There were 4,470 housing units at an average density of 1,058.7/sq mi (409.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.05% White, 2.99% African American, 0.05% Native American, 5.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.20% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, 29.7% of Cedar Grove's residents identified themselves as being of Italian ancestry (adjusted from the 34.8% reported to reflect the fact that residents reported multiple ancestries), the 18th highest of all municipalities in New Jersey. There was also a large Irish population, accounting for 21.7% of the population in the 2000 census, with another 12.1% of German ancestry.
There were 4,403 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the township the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $78,863, and the median income for a family was $94,475. Males had a median income of $66,197 versus $40,582 for females. The per capita income for the township was $36,558. About 1.1% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Most of the commercial zone in Cedar Grove is located on Route 23. The central business district starts at about Sweetwood Drive and extends to Little Falls Road just after the railroad bridge.
The township has an industrial district located along Commerce Road, which is off Route 23. In this district, there are light industrial factories and different types of commercial businesses.
Parks and recreation
Cedar Grove has several parks and recreational areas within the township. These include county parks, town parks, and recreational areas.
There are two county parks located in Cedar Grove.
- Mills Reservation, a county park, consisting of a 157.15-acre (0.6360 km2) protected wooded area with trails for walking and an overlook of New York City.
- Hilltop Reservation, composed of lands in the grounds of the former Essex Mountain Sanitorium, opened in spring 2003.
- Community Park - this park is located near the center of the town off Little Falls Road. It features a baseball field, large field used for various sports, barbecue area, two playgrounds, a bocce court, and entrances to the Lenape Trails which are popular for running, walking and biking.
- Elmer Bowden Taylor Memorial Park - this park and its recreational facilities is located on Little Falls Road; near Bowden Road. It includes tennis courts, basketball court, small playground, and public bathroom. Named for Elmer Bowden Taylor, Cedar Grove resident killed in action in World War I while flying with the Lafayette Flying Corps.
- South End School Park, This park/playground is located on the grounds of South End Elementary School on Harper Terrace. Features include basketball courts, two baseball fields, and a playground.
- North End School Park is nearly identical to South End School's park.
- Cedar Grove High School, in the back of the high school, there is a quarter-mile track for running or walking. There is also a football field, soccer field, and baseball field.
- Tennis courts are located along Little Falls Road, all for public use.
- Cedar Grove Community Pool, a community pool which opened in 1963. It features a large pool with 50 meter lanes and 25 meter lanes, three diving boards (two small and a large one), and a water slide. Also, there is a baby pool for children under five. There is a snack bar for refreshments, sun decks for sunbathing, and basketball courts. The pool is open from the Saturday before Memorial Day to Labor Day.
Cedar Grove operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under Council-Manager plan B form of municipal government, as implemented as of July 1, 1955, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission. Cedar Grove is governed by a five-member Township Council. Council members are elected at-large for four-year terms, by the voters of the municipality through nonpartisan municipal elections held the 2nd Tuesday in May, in odd-numbered years.
As of July 2015[update], members of the Township Council are Mayor Joseph Chiusolo (term on council and as mayor ends June 30, 2017), Harry Kumburis (2019), E. Romeo Longo (2017), Michael Maffucci (2017; appointed to serve an unexpired term) and Peter H. Tanella (2019).
In August 2015, the Township Council selected Michael Maffucci to fill the vacant seat of John Zunic expiring in December 2017, who left office to serve as a New Jersey Superior Court judge.
Federal, state and county representation
Cedar Grove is located in the 11th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 40th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Cedar Grove had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 40th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Kevin J. O'Toole (R, Cedar Grove) and in the General Assembly by Scott Rumana (R, Wayne) and David C. Russo (R, Ridgewood). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2014[update], the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2014. Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark), Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston), Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark), Gerald W. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.) Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington), Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange) and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell), and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair). Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015), Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015) and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens, II (2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,672 registered voters in Cedar Grove, of which 2,269 (26.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,215 (25.5%) were registered as Republicans and 4,184 (48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 56.9% of the vote (3,541 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.1% (2,621 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (58 votes), among the 6,271 ballots cast by the township's 8,965 registered voters (51 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.9%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 59.2% of the vote (4,013 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 39.5% (2,680 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (43 votes), among the 6,780 ballots cast by the township's 8,695 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.0%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.8% of the vote (3,817 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 38.9% (2,479 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (66 votes), among the 6,378 ballots cast by the township's 8,215 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.6.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.1% of the vote (2,589 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 32.1% (1,238 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (33 votes), among the 3,914 ballots cast by the township's 8,963 registered voters (54 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 43.7%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.3% of the vote (2,699 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 32.9% (1,524 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.0% (323 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (45 votes), among the 4,628 ballots cast by the township's 8,644 registered voters, yielding a 53.5% turnout.
The Cedar Grove Schools serve public school students from Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,628 students and 120.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.52:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are North End Elementary School (315 students; grades K-4), South End Elementary School (352; K-4), Cedar Grove Memorial Middle School (519; 5-8) and Cedar Grove High School (442; 9-12).
Washington Academy is an approved private school for special education. Founded in 1982, the Academy provides specialized academic and behavioral services to students whose disabilities disrupt their academic and behavioral growth and progress. It serves students ages 3–21 (pre-K - 12th Grade). Washington Academy is a member of the National Association of Private Special Education Centers (NAPSEC), a non-profit organization dedicated to serving the needs of private special education schools. The school is located in the former Leonard R. Parks Elementary School on Route 23.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 47.09 miles (75.78 km) of roadways, of which 34.59 miles (55.67 km) were maintained by the municipality, 9.22 miles (14.84 km) by Essex County and 3.28 miles (5.28 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Route 23 bisects Cedar Grove, making the township conveniently located to major highways including Interstate 80, Interstate 280, U.S. Route 46, Route 3, and the Garden State Parkway. Cedar Grove is also centrally located to New York City, Newark, Paterson, and Morristown.
Cedar Grove is served by New Jersey Transit bus service. The 11 bus line provide service to Newark. The 195 bus line provides transportation to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. In September 2012, as part of budget cuts, NJ Transit suspended service to Newark on the 75 line.
Commuter train stations are located in the neighboring communities of Little Falls and Montclair. The Erie Railroad's Caldwell Branch ran between Little Falls and West Caldwell, but trains were sparsely scheduled and the line was destroyed in the 1970s.
The Verona-Cedar Grove Times, a weekly newspaper that publishes every Thursday, serves Cedar Grove and Verona.
The Cedar Grove Observer, which publishes 50 weeks a year, serves Cedar Grove.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Cedar Grove include:
- Ralph L. Brinster (born 1932), genetic research pioneer.
- Mark Burstein, President of Lawrence University
- Jack Cafferty (born 1942), CNN commentator and host.
- Bob Diaco (born 1973), head coach of the Connecticut Huskies football team.
- Gary Dickinson (1938–2000), executive at General Motors.
- Allen B. DuMont (1901–1965), scientist and inventor best known for improvements to the cathode ray tube in 1931 for use in television receivers, manufacture of the first commercially-successful electronic televisions and founder of the first licensed TV network, DuMont Television Network.
- Amanda Freitag, celebrity chef.
- Jonathan Lebed (born 1984), huckster who used internet technology to hype stocks.
- Amanda Lepore, transgender icon who has received attention for her modelling, fashion, partying, and business skills.
- Marty Liquori (born 1949), born and raised in Cedar Grove; competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics in Track and Field. Ranked #5 on the Sports Illustrated list of The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures.
- Tom Lutz, writer and literary critic, who is founder and editor-in-chief of the Los Angeles Review of Books.
- C. Edward McVaney (born 1940), co-founder of JD Edwards.
- Kevin J. O'Toole (born 1964), member of the New Jersey Senate who had served as mayor of Cedar Grove for three years.
- Todd Pettengill, co-host to the WPLJ morning show "the Big Show".
- Emilie Poulsson (1853-1939), children's author and campaigner for early childhood education was born in Cedar Grove.
- Michael Uslan (born 1951), originator and Executive Producer of the Batman movies and the first professor to teach "Comic Book Folklore" at an accredited university.
- Arthur Wynne (1862–1945), inventor of the crossword puzzle.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Council, Township of Cedar Grove. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- 2015 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of October 20, 2015. Accessed November 16, 2015.
- Township Manager, Township of Cedar Grove. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Municipal Clerk, Township of Cedar Grove. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 169.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Cedar Grove, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- Census 2011: Essex County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Cedar Grove township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 16. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Cedar Grove township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 4, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Cedar Grove, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Cedar Grove, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 126 re Cedar Grove, p. 132 re Verona. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 307. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed October 18, 2015.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 28, 2015.
- Early Cedar Grove, Cedar Grove Historical Society. Accessed August 29, 2015.
- Model, Eric. "Recalling New Year's Eves past in Cedar Grove", NewJerseyNewsroom.com, December 31, 2010. Accessed July 6, 2011. "Cedar Grove was once home to the Frank Dailey's Meadowbrook Ballroom. In its day, along with the Glen Island Casino along Long Island Sound, it was the place for big band music. Some of the great bands and vocalists of the time to play there included the likes Tommy Dorsey, Glenn Miller, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Gene Krupa, Sammy Kaye, and Glen Gray."
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Areas touching Cedar Grove, MapIt. Accessed December 22, 2014.
- General Information, Township of Cedar Grove. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- NCDC: U.S. Climate Normals, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Accessed May 7, 2010.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed November 4, 2012. Population for 1900 is for Verona Township as listed in footnote 11.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Cedar Grove township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Cedar Grove township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Cedar Grove township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- Italian Communities, EPodunk. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- Mills Reservation, Essex County Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs. Accessed November 4, 2012.
- Hilltop Reservation, Essex County Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs. Accessed November 4, 2012.
- Community Pool 2012, Township of Cedar Grove. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- 2015 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Township of Cedar Grove. Accessed June 26, 2015.
- Essex County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 8, 2015.
- Essex County 2015 Municipal Election May 12, 2015, Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated May 19, 2015. Accessed July 8, 2015.
- Essex County 2013 Municipal Election - Unofficial Results May 14, 2013, Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated May 14, 2013. Accessed July 8, 2015.
- Rosenblum, Dan. "Chiusolo, Zunic and Longo receive most votes in Cedar Grove Township Council election", Verona Cedar-Grove Times, May 14, 2013. Accessed October 8, 2013. "Three incumbent council members were the top winners in the election to fill three Cedar Grove Council seats, according to unofficial results from the Essex County Clerk's Office. Both Joseph Chiusolo and John Zunic won by comfortable margins. The closest tension came between E. Romeo Longo and challenger Stacy Kilkenny. Longo defeated Kilkenny by 11 votes."
- Staff. "Cedar Grove Swears in New Mayor and Councilmen", TAP into Verona / Cedar Grove, July 3, 2015. Accessed July 8, 2015. "Councilman Joseph Chiusolo was sworn in as mayor on Wednesday by Municipal Court Judge Nicholas S. Brindisi.... Brindisi also swore in Peter Tanella for his third term on the council.... New Jersey Assemblyman Thomas P. Giblin swore in Harry Kumburis to his first term on the council."
- Moroses, Dylan. "Michael Maffucci appointed to vacant Cedar Grove Township Council seat", Verona-Cedar Grove Times, August 26, 2015. Accessed September 21, 2015. "At a special meeting early Wednesday morning, the Cedar Grove Township Council temporarily appointed the runner-up in May's election, Michael Maffucci, to the vacancy made by former councilman, current New Jersey Superior Court Judge John Zunic's resignation."
- Mazzola, Jessica. "Election results: First female village prez among Essex non-partisan winners", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 12, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2015.
- Ortiz, Lillian. "Update: Unofficial county results for Cedar Grove election has Tanella, Kumburis in the lead", Verona-Cedar Grove Times, May 13, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2015. "For the first time in six years, there will most likely be a new face on the Cedar Grove Township Council. According to unofficial results from the Cedar Grove municipal clerk's office, Harry Kumburis edged out Michael Maffucci by nine votes on election day, Tuesday, May 12."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2015 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014. "The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November."
- Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Essex County Elected Officials, Essex County Clerk, as of February 2012. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Blonnie R. Watson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Rufus I. Johnson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Lee, Eunice. "Labor leader from South Orange tapped as new Essex County freeholder", The Star-Ledger, December 19, 2012. Accessed July 9, 2014. "A longtime labor union leader from South Orange was sworn in this afternoon as the newest Essex County freeholder.Gerald Owens, 74, is a general organizer for the International Longshoremen's Association.... Owens is filling the seat vacated by former at-large freeholder Donald Payne Jr., who stepped down from the post last month after securing the 10th Congressional District seat left open by his late father."
- Rolando Bobadilla, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- D. Bilal Beasley, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Carol Y. Clark, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Leonard M. Luciano, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Brendan W. Gill, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- The Board of Chosen Freeholders, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Breakdown of Freeholder Districts, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- About Christopher J. Durkin, Essex County Clerk. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Armando B. Fontoura - Essex County Sheriff, Essex County Sheriff's Office. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Office of Surrogate, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
- Voter Registration Summary - Essex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- "Governor - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- District information for Cedar Grove School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 22, 2014.
- School Data for the Cedar Grove Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 22, 2014.
- North End Elementary School, Cedar Grove Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- South End Elementary School, Cedar Grove Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Cedar Grove Memorial Middle School, Cedar Grove Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Cedar Grove High School, Cedar Grove Schools. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Our Schools, Cedar Grove Schools. Accessed December 22, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Cedar Grove Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 22, 2014.
- History, Washington Academy. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- Essex County Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- Essex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Essex County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- Rouse, Karen. "N.J. Transit bus No. 75, running from Passaic County to Newark, will no longer operate", The Record (Bergen County), August 29, 2012. Accessed August 5, 2015. "Starting Saturday, the NJ Transit No. 75 bus — which runs from Butler through Pompton Lakes, Pequannock, Wayne and Little Falls on its way to Newark — will no longer operate as NJ Transit’s plan to save $2.5 million in operating costs takes effect."
- Staff. "Great Notch Train Station to close", Verona-Cedar Grove Times, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 8, 2013. "The Great Notch Train Station was built in 1905 for the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway – a subsidiary of the Erie Railroad. The station was also the junction for the Caldwell Branch Line, which served the communities of Cedar Grove, Verona, Caldwell and Essex Fells, where it connected with the Morristown and Erie Railway. The former rail branch is now a hiking and biking trail over the old rail bed, the West Essex Trail."
- Home Page, The Verona-Cedar Grove Times. Accessed December 22, 2014.
- Cedar Grove Observer. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Verona-Cedar Grove Times. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Caroulis, Jon. "Largest Scientific Prize in Country", The Compass, October 22, 1996. Accessed April 13, 2008. "Brinster was born in 1932 and grew up on a small farm in Cedar Grove, N.J."
- Cafferty, Jack. It's Getting Ugly Out There: The Frauds, Bunglers, Liars, and Losers Who Are Hurting America, p. 194, John Wiley & Sons, 2008. ISBN 0-470-37614-7. Accessed July 6, 2011. "You want to make a teenager appreciate the fact that he or she lives in a great big house in Cedar Grove, New Jersey? Take him down to Newark and drop him off for a day or two in the projects."
- American Morning Transcript, CNN, aired July 2, 2004. Accessed July 6, 2011. "CAFFERTY: I'll tell you what. Put it in a U-Haul. I live in Cedar Grove. Drop it by the house, I'll get rid of it for you, no change."
- Jongsma, Joshua. "Cedar Grove native Bob Diaco coaches with top-ranked Notre Dame football team", Verona-Cedar Grove Times, December 22, 2014. "It's been a long voyage for Cedar Grove native Bob Diaco - one that has spanned across eight universities. But the next step for the college football-coachingextraordinaire is Miami Gardens, Fla. for the BCS National Championship Game."
- Schmitt, Ben. "GARY DICKINSON: VETERAN OF AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY", Detroit Free Press, March 29, 2000. Accessed July 6, 2011. "A Cedar Grove N.J. native Mr Dickinson earned a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering at Duke University in North Carolina where he met and married the woman who would become his wife of 39 years, Libby Daniel."
- Truly touched and honored: Four alumni inducted into Montclair High School Hall of Fame, Montclair Times, November 16, 2006.
- Hyman, Vicki. "Umami, shmumami: 'Next Iron Chef' says goodbye to Amanda Freitag", The Star-Ledger, November 8, 2009. Accessed April 29, 2013. "Amanda Freitag apparently didn't have the umami (Japanese for deliciousness) to continue in 'The Next Iron Chef.' The Cedar Grove-raised chef, who also appears a judge on the Food Network's 'Chopped,' had made it all the way to the final four."
- Lewis, Michael. "Jonathan Lebed: Stock Manipulator, S.E.C. Nemesis -- and 15", The New York Times, February 25, 2001. Accessed December 22, 2014. "The S.E.C.'s news release explained that Jonathan -- the first minor ever to face proceedings for stock-market fraud -- had used the Internet to promote stocks from his bedroom in the northern New Jersey suburb of Cedar Grove."
- Peden, Lauren David. "Shopping with...Amanda Lepore", Dominican Today, September 28, 2005. Accessed July 6, 2011. "But that's what makes Amanda (nee Armand) Lepore from Cedar Grove, New Jersey so great. The boy who grew up to be a Vargas pinup girl may be all manufactured artifice on the outside - huge blond hair, huge red lips, huge gravity-defying boobs."
- "The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures", Sports Illustrated, December 27, 1999.
- Martin, Cameron. "So What Do You Do, Tom Lutz, Editor of Los Angeles Review of Books? This editor's set on keeping the literary culture alive with this one site", Mediabistro (website), October 26, 2011. Accessed December 22, 2014. "Hometown: Cedar Grove, New Jersey"
- C. EDWARD MCVANEY: Oral History, Computerworld Honors Program. Accessed July 6, 2011. "We moved back east and lived in Cedar Grove, New Jersey."
- Senator Kevin J. O'Toole, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- The Fundrace Neighbor Search, Fundrace.org, accessed February 13, 2007.
- The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography: Volume X, J. T. White Company, 1900 (p.463)
- Genocchio, Benjamin. "POW! Take That, Hitler! Men of Steel and Their Times", The New York Times, September 9, 2007. Accessed December 26, 2007. "One of the single biggest lenders to the exhibition is Michael Uslan of Cedar Grove, the executive producer of movies like Batman and Batman Begins."
- Meoli, Daria. "That’s Entertainment", New Jersey Monthly, October 2005. Accessed December 26, 2007. "Fans of the Caped Crusader can add the summer blockbuster Batman Begins to their personal collections. Like all Batman celluloid, it was produced by Cedar Grove resident Michael Uslan."
- Romeo, Lisa. "Clue: Where Crossword Creator Lived. Ten Letters. Answer: Cedar Grove: A local journalist invented the modern crossword puzzle 97 years ago this week.", Verona-Cedar Grove Patch.com, December 21, 2010. Accessed April 8, 2011. "It's the humble – and wonderful -- crossword puzzle. And it was invented by a Cedar Grove resident."
- Cedar Grove website
- Cedar Grove Schools website
- Cedar Grove Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Cedar Grove Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Official website of the Cedar Grove Alumni Assoc.
||Little Falls Township
|Little Falls Township||Little Falls Township|
|North Caldwell||Upper Montclair|
|Verona Township||Montclair Township