Cedar Lake, Indiana

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Cedar Lake, Indiana
Town
Cedar Lake, looking west
Cedar Lake, looking west
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°22′2″N 87°26′18″W / 41.36722°N 87.43833°W / 41.36722; -87.43833Coordinates: 41°22′2″N 87°26′18″W / 41.36722°N 87.43833°W / 41.36722; -87.43833
Country United States
State Indiana
County Lake
Townships Hanover, Center
Area[1]
 • Total 9.61 sq mi (24.89 km2)
 • Land 8.22 sq mi (21.29 km2)
 • Water 1.39 sq mi (3.60 km2)
Elevation 709 ft (216 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 11,560
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 11,664
 • Density 1,406.3/sq mi (543.0/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CST (UTC-6)
ZIP code 46303
Area code(s) 219
FIPS code 18-11062[4]
GNIS feature ID 0432282[5]
Website http://www.cedarlakein.org/
Cedar Lake
Location Cedar Lake, Indiana
Coordinates 41°22′14″N 87°25′56″W / 41.37056°N 87.43222°W / 41.37056; -87.43222
Primary outflows Cedar Creek
Basin countries United States
Managing agency Town of Cedar Lake
Max. length 2.1 mi (3.4 km)
Max. width 0.9 mi (1.4 km)
Surface area 781 acres (316 ha)
Average depth 8.8 ft (2.7 m)
Max. depth 16.0 ft (4.9 m)
Water volume 6,841 acre·ft (8,438,000 m3)
Residence time 1.3 years
Shore length1 5.9 mi (9.5 km)
Surface elevation 696 ft (212 m)
References [5][6]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Cedar Lake is a town in Hanover and Center townships, Lake County, Indiana, United States. The population was 11,560 at the 2010 census. The town is known for Cedar Lake (formerly Lake of the Red Cedars, Armour).

History[edit]

Cedar Lake was settled by pioneers in the mid-19th century and originally named West Point.[7] In 1839, it competed with the settlements of Liverpool and Lake Court House (later called Crown Point) to be the county seat of Lake County, but lost out to Liverpool.[7] By 1870, the Cedar Lake Post Office was established, giving the area a new name. After the Monon Railroad came to the lake's western shore in 1882, many new residents flocked to the area along with tourists who saw the lake as a resort destination. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Cedar Lake was a popular place for Chicagoans looking for a retreat from the city. The lake had over 50 hotels at the time and several pavilions and ballrooms that brought many well-known bands to entertain the visitors.[8]

This is a little bit of history from before Cedar Lake became the location of the Lake Region Christian Assembly—or more commonly known as "Cedar Lake Camp." The LRCA bought the property (about 25 acres) from the Lassen Resort, and as a child I remember Mr. Lassen. He and his wife lived out their days in a beautiful house on the property. He owned a "speedboat" - a Chris Craft and he gave us thrilling rides in it for 25 cents. My brother Bob told me that the hotel was once a place for ice cutters to stay when they were working, across the lake. It was moved across the ice when it was solidly frozen, and repositioned on the Lassen property, refurbished, and added on to, to become a very nice hotel. The LRCA used it to house campers, faculty and guest speakers, and their families. It has always pained me that the CLHA has not included the history of the years the property was the Lake Region Christian Assembly (now once again located in Crown Point, IN). It was a wonderful place to grow up! By Coral Lillie Mings (daughter of Robert M. Lillie, the first Camp Manager of the LRCA).

Geography[edit]

Cedar Lake is located at 41°22′2″N 87°26′18″W / 41.36722°N 87.43833°W / 41.36722; -87.43833 (41.367234, -87.438326).[9]

According to the 2010 census, Cedar Lake has a total area of 9.61 square miles (24.89 km2), of which 8.22 square miles (21.29 km2) (or 85.54%) is land and 1.39 square miles (3.60 km2) (or 14.46%) is water.[1] The lake, which is the largest natural lake in northwest Indiana, appears to have formed from glacial meltwaters. There is an abundance of hills around the lake, which are evidence of the Valparaiso Moraine running through the area.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 3,907
1960 5,766 47.6%
1970 7,589 31.6%
1980 8,754 15.4%
1990 8,885 1.5%
2000 9,279 4.4%
2010 11,560 24.6%
Est. 2014 11,854 [10] 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 11,560 people, 4,193 households, and 3,002 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,406.3 inhabitants per square mile (543.0/km2). There were 4,692 housing units at an average density of 570.8 per square mile (220.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.9% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.5% of the population.

There were 4,193 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.4% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.23.

The median age in the town was 34.9 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 8.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 9,279 people, 3,394 households, and 2,450 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,366.3 people per square mile (527.6/km²). There were 3,681 housing units at an average density of 542.0 per square mile (209.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.40% White, 0.09% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.88% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.50% of the population.

There were 3,394 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,987, and the median income for a family was $50,431. Males had a median income of $41,825 versus $24,861 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,825. About 4.0% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Lake County Public Library operates the Cedar Lake Library at 10010 West 133rd Avenue.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2015-04-15. 
  6. ^ Jones, William W. & Marnatti, James (1991), Cedar Lake Enhancement Study, Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University 
  7. ^ a b Meyer, Afred H. Circulation and Settlement Patterns of the Calumet Region of Northwest Indiana and Northeast Illinois. 1956.
  8. ^ "Town of Cedar Lake". History. Town of Cedar Lake. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Locations and Hours." Lake County Public Library. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.

Kenneth J. Schoon, Calumet Beginnings, 2003, p. 20-23

External links[edit]