Cedric Delves

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Cedric Delves
Born (1947-03-01) 1 March 1947 (age 70)
Singapore
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1968 – 2003
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held 22 SAS
3rd (UK) Division
Field Army
Battles/wars Operation Banner
Falklands War
Bosnian War
Iraq War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches
Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service

Lieutenant General Sir Cedric Norman George Delves KBE DSO (born 1 March 1947) is a former commander of the 22 SAS Regiment and later a British Army general.

Early life[edit]

Delves was born on 1 March 1947 in Singapore and lived in Singapore and Eastbourne, Sussex as a child. He was educated at Woolverstone Hall School.

Military career[edit]

Officer Cadet Delves was commissioned from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst into the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment of the Prince of Wales's Division on 2 August 1968,[1] and promoted lieutenant on 2 February 1970.[2] Having been promoted to captain on 2 August 1974,[3] he passed selection for the SAS and undertook tours in Northern Ireland for which he was Mentioned in Despatches in December 1979 for services between 1 May 1979 and 31 July 1979[4] and again in December 1981 for services between 1 May 1981 and 31 July 1981.[5] Still serving with the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment he was promoted major on 30 September 1980.[6]

Falklands War[edit]

Major Cedric Delves distinguished himself on 21 April 1982 when, as Officer Commanding D Squadron 22 SAS, he captured Grytviken on South Georgia without a single loss of life, on 15 May 1982 when his squadron destroyed eleven Argentine aircraft at Pebble Island, on 21 May 1982 when he led a deceptive raid on Darwin, and again on 31 May 1982 at Mount Kent in the Falkland Islands where he took his squadron 40 miles behind enemy lines and secured a firm hold on the area allowing conventional forces to be brought in.[7]

Distinguished Service Order correct.jpg

The citation for his Distinguished Service Order published in the London Gazette is worded:

Distinguished Service Order citation[edit]

Major Delves commanded D Squadron Special Air Service Regiment during a brilliantly successful series of operations carried out in South Georgia and the Falkland Islands. Both operations proved to be critically important to the conduct of the two campaigns. In South Georgia, his soldiers had to operate in extremes of climate which bordered on the limits of survivability. In spite of the difficulties, Major Delves was able to insert the necessary surveillance patrols into his area of responsibility overlooking Stromness Bay. This was achieved in spite of one of his patrols becoming involved in two helicopter crashes, and another losing half its strength when it was scattered into the night by 100 mph katabatic winds. On 21st April after the engagement of the enemy submarine SANTA FE, Major Delves led his men into the Cumberland Bay East and captured Grytviken employing two of his SAS troops. By his quick decisive action and personal display of courage, he was able to accomplish the fall of Grytviken without a single loss of life. The next day he ordered his remaining troop to go ashore in Stromness Bay and accept the surrender of the remaining enemy forces in South Georgia. On the early morning of 15th May, Major Delves led his men in delivering a devastating blow to the enemy air capability on Pebble Island in the Falkland Islands. In a daring and well executed series of moves—described as a classic of its time—in which he was able to determine the layout of the enemy positions, he infiltrated the enemy defences and by skilful use of his own men and Naval gunfire, he and his men destroyed eleven aircraft on the ground and over a ton of explosive. On 21st May only hours after his Squadron had received a most cruel blow when it lost a significant proportion if its number in a helicopter crash, Major Delves led his men out once again in order to carry out a deceptive raid onto the enemy position at Darwin. So successful was he in his aim of drawing off the enemy reserves from the real landing position, that the enemy were heard to inform their higher HQ that they were under attack from at least a battalion of men. Following the successful establishment of the beachhead in San Carlos Water, Major Delves took his Squadron 40 miles behind the enemy lines and established a position overlooking the main enemy stronghold in Port Stanley where at least 7,000 troops were known to be based. By a series of swift operations, skilful concealment and lightning attacks against patrols sent out to find him, he was able to secure a sufficiently firm hold on the area after ten days for the conventional forces to be brought in. This imaginative operation behind the enemy lines provided our forces with psychological and military domination over the enemy from which it never recovered. In all the operations described, Major Delves led his men, coolly directing operations when under intensive fire from the enemy. He was an inspiration to his men, and made a unique contribution to the overall success of operations in South Georgia and the Falkland Islands.[7]

Later career[edit]

Serving with the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment Delves was promoted lieutenant-colonel on 30 June 1986.[8] He succeeded Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Massey, MBE, Royal Corps of Transport, (commanding from 1982-1985) as commander of 22 SAS Regiment,[9] when British Special Forces carried out the Death on the Rock operation which resulted in the death of three IRA bombers in Gibraltar.[10] On 30 June 1990 Delves was promoted colonel,[11] and soon afterwards on 31 December 1990 promoted brigadier.[12]

In 1993 he was appointed Director Special Forces[13] and by December 1995, as a brigadier, he was leading Special Operations in Bosnia as Commander of the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force (CJSOTF), a component of the Implementation Force (IFOR).[14]

He was appointed General Officer Commanding 3rd (UK) Division and promoted major-general on 5 July 1996[15] in which role he was deployed to Bosnia in January 1998 as Commander of Multi-National Division (South-West).[16]

By 1999 he was Chief of Joint Forces Operational Readiness and Training.[17] He became Deputy Commander-in-Chief at Land Command (subsequently retitled 'Commander Field Army') in the rank of lieutenant general in December 2000.[18][19] On 1 April 2001 Delves was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Small Arms School Corps.[20]

Delves was appointed the British representative to the US Central Command in Tampa, Florida for the Afghan war on 17 January 2002.[21][22] He took the British seat at Central Command in Tampa, Florida, where American general Tommy Franks oversaw the military effort against al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. He succeeded Air Marshal Jock Stirrup as focus changed from air operations to a campaign conducted largely by special forces on the ground.[22]

This was just prior to the Invasion of Iraq and went on to be Deputy Commander at NATO HQ Allied Forces North at Brunssum in September 2003.[23] On 31 December 2002 he was appointed Colonel of the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment.[24] On 1 October 2003 Lieutenant-General Sir Cedric Delves KBE, DSO, was succeeded as Colonel Commandant of the Small Arms School Corps by Lieutenant-General Sir Redmond Watt,[25] having been appointed Deputy Commander in Chief Regional Headquarters Allied Forces North Europe on 30 September 2003.[26] In December 2003 he lost a leg when he was crushed against a wall by a drunk driver in Maastricht in the Netherlands.[10]

Delves retired due to disability on 17 March 2005.[27] and relinquished the appointment of Colonel of the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment on 1 February 2007 on formation of The Rifles.[28]

Post-retirement[edit]

In retirement, Delves became a Director of Olive Group, a security business.[29][30] In April 2006 he was appointed to oversee intelligence operations with the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) during the time of the merger of investigative services of the Customs and Police.[31] He became Lieutenant of the Tower of London in March 2007,[32] and was succeeded by Lieutenant-General Peter Pearson on 4 May 2010.[33]

Sir Cedric Delves joined the Board of Trustees of BLESMA in 2009 and was elected National Chairman in 2010.[34]

He is a highly accomplished photographer and regularly wins competitions.[35][36]

Honours and decorations[edit]

Family[edit]

He is married to Suzy.[41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 44699". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 October 1968. p. 11327. 
  2. ^ "No. 45031". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 January 1970. p. 1357. 
  3. ^ "No. 46419". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 December 1974. p. 12152. 
  4. ^ a b "No. 48061". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 January 1980. p. 312. 
  5. ^ a b "No. 48822". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 December 1981. p. 15924. 
  6. ^ "No. 48360". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 November 1980. p. 15273. 
  7. ^ a b c "No. 49134". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 October 1982. p. 12844. 
  8. ^ "No. 50583". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 June 1986. p. 8716. 
  9. ^ Special Operations: Commanding Officers
  10. ^ a b "News in brief: Ex-SAS Chief run down by a car". The Daily Telegraph. 10 December 2003. 
  11. ^ "No. 52200". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 July 1990. p. 11360. 
  12. ^ "No. 52200". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 January 1991. p. 11360. 
  13. ^ "Army Commands" (PDF). 26 July 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. 
  14. ^ From Bosnia to Baghdad: the evolution of US Army Special Forces from 1995 to 2004
  15. ^ "No. 54459". The London Gazette. 9 July 1996. p. 9225. 
  16. ^ Conrad, John (2011). Scarce Heard Amid the Guns: An Inside Look at Canadian Peacekeeping. Natural Heritage Books. ISBN 978-1554889815. 
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanck 2000
  18. ^ Falklands SAS officer promoted to top army post Merco Press, 21 December 2000
  19. ^ MercoPress - Cedric Delves
  20. ^ "No. 56184". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 April 2001. p. 4898. 
  21. ^ "Armed Forces: Officers 4 Jun 2007". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: House of Commons of the United Kingdom. col. 162W. 
  22. ^ a b "SAS chief takes top Afghan war job". BBC. 4 January 2002. 
  23. ^ Written Answers House of Commons, 4 June 2007
  24. ^ "No. 56811". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 January 2003. p. 126. 
  25. ^ "No. 57103". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 November 2003. p. 13566. 
  26. ^ "No. 57076". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 October 2003. p. 12355. 
  27. ^ "No. 57591". The London Gazette. 22 March 2005. p. 3517. 
  28. ^ "No. 58284". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 March 2007. p. 4439. 
  29. ^ "Harry's SAS guru for hire". Daily Mail. 30 January 2006. 
  30. ^ "The security industry: Britain's private army in Iraq". The Independent. 3 June 2007. 
  31. ^ "SAS man bolsters Britain's new FBI". The Daily Telegraph. 4 April 2006. 
  32. ^ "No. 58265". The London Gazette. 6 March 2007. p. 3241. 
  33. ^ "No. 59411". The London Gazette. 5 May 2010. p. 8081. 
  34. ^ BLESMA - Sir Cedric Delves
  35. ^ National Geographic - Cedric Delves
  36. ^ Competition photography - Cedric Delves
  37. ^ "No. 52173". The London Gazette. 16 June 1990. p. 6. 
  38. ^ "No. 54625". The London Gazette. 30 December 1996. p. 5. 
  39. ^ "No. 55477". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 May 1999. p. 5083. 
  40. ^ "No. 56963". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 2003. p. 5. 
  41. ^ "A better way to mend the broken man". The Sunday Times. 24 July 2005. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Jeremy Phipps
Director Special Forces
1993–1996
Succeeded by
John Sutherell
Preceded by
Mike Jackson
General Officer Commanding the 3rd (UK) Division
1996–1999
Succeeded by
Richard Dannatt
Preceded by
Andrew Pringle
Commander Multi-National Division (South-West), Bosnia
January 1998–August 1998
Succeeded by
Redmond Watt
Preceded by
Sir Jack Deverell
Commander Field Army
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Sir Redmond Watt