Celebrity Cruises

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Celebrity Cruises
TypeSubsidiary
IndustryTourism, transport
Founded1988
HeadquartersMiami, Florida
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Lisa Lutoff-Perlo
(President and CEO)
ProductsCruises
ParentRoyal Caribbean Group
Websitecelebritycruises.com

Celebrity Cruises is a cruise line headquartered in Miami, Florida[1] and a wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Caribbean Group. Celebrity Cruises was founded in 1988 by the Greece-based Chandris Group, and merged with Royal Caribbean Cruise Line in 1997. Celebrity's signature logo is an "Χ" displayed on the funnel of Celebrity ships, and is the Greek letter chi, for "Chandris".[2][3]


History[edit]

Chandris Group (1988-1997)[edit]

Celebrity Cruises was founded in April 1988 as a subsidiary of the Greece-based Chandris Group to operate upmarket cruise ships to Bermuda.[4][5] Chandris had been involved in cruise traffic since the 1960s,[3] and during the late 1980s the company operated in the United States market under the brand name Chandris Cruises. Chandris Fantasy Cruises targeted the lower end of the cruise passenger market, with fleets consisting of second-hand ocean liners.[6] Celebrity Cruises came into existence when, in April 1988, Home Lines, at the time one of the world's leading premium cruise lines, was sold to Holland America Line. Home Lines' ships had held two of the five contracts offered by the Government of Bermuda to cruise lines, giving the ships priority berthing arrangement and unlimited access of sail to the islands in exchange for the ships sailing to Bermuda between April and October each year. Although these contracts were highly valued, Holland America Line decided to withdraw the former Home Lines ships from this service, leaving an opening for two new ships to gain access. Chandris wanted to acquire the contracts, but the Government of Bermuda was only willing to award them to upmarket cruise lines, which Chandris Fantasy Cruises was not.[4]

In order to gain the Bermuda Government contracts, Chandris created Celebrity Cruises and immediately began negotiating with the Bermuda Government in April 1988. As a result of the negotiations, Celebrity Cruises was awarded the contract for two ships for a five-year period beginning in 1990[4] In order to fulfill the contract, Chandris Fantasy Cruises' Galileo was rebuilt at Lloyd Werft, Germany in 1989, re-entering service as Meridian for Celebrity Cruises in February 1990.[4][2] As the second ship Horizon, that had been ordered in 1988 as a replacement for Amerikanis in the Chandris Fantasy fleet, was transferred to Celebrity Cruises fleet, entering service in May 1990.[4][7] In late 1990 Celebrity Cruises placed an order for a sister ship of the Horizon, delivered in 1992 as Zenith.[4][8]

Royal Caribbean Group (1997-present)[edit]

Millennium, the lead ship in the Millennium-class ship, renamed Celebrity Millennium in 2008

In 1997, the Chandris family sold their interests in Celebrity Cruises to Royal Caribbean Cruise Line,[9] leading to the formation of Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. (later Royal Caribbean Group) as a holding company to keep both brands separate, and the renaming of Royal Caribbean Cruise Line to Royal Caribbean International.[4] During the same year Celebrity Cruises took delivery of the first Century class vessel, Century, that was followed by Galaxy in 1996 and Mercury in 1997.[8] Following the delivery of the Mercury, the Meridian was sold to Singapore-based Sun Cruises. Between 2000 and 2002 Celebrity took delivery of a quartet of new ships, the gas turbine-powered and aptly named Millennium class ships Millennium, Infinity, Summit and Constellation.[8] The Celebrity Expeditions sub-brand was launched in 2001 with the acquisition of Celebrity Xpedition, a small boutique ship offering specialized cruises around the Galápagos Islands.[10] In 2005, the Horizon was transferred to the fleet Royal Caribbean's United Kingdom-based subsidiary Island Cruises.[7] In the same year, the first ship of what was to be named Solstice class was ordered from Meyer Werft.[11] By 2007, three more ships of this class were on order.[12]

In 2006, plans were made to transfer Blue Moon and Blue Dream from the fleet of Pullmantur Cruises to Celebrity Cruises under the names of Celebrity Quest and Celebrity Journey. The ships would have joined the Celebrity Expeditions sub-brand,[13][14] but in the end the decision was made to form an entirely new line, Azamara Cruises, to operate these ships in 2007.[15] Also in 2007 the Zenith was transferred to Pullmantur Cruises 'in exchange' for the Azamara ships.[13] Transfer of the Zenith also meant the end of Celebrity Cruises' association with Bermuda for the time being, as no ship was brought in to replace her on the cruises to Bermuda.[16] In April 2010, The Celebrity Summit reposition yearly to New Jersey and offers cruises to Bermuda.[17]

Celebrity Solstice, the lead ship in the Solstice-class

In 2007-2008, all of Celebrity Cruises' ships were renamed with a "Celebrity" prefix added to the pre-existing ship names.[8][18] Celebrity Solstice, the first ship in the new Solstice-class, was delivered to Celebrity on 24 October 2008.[19] In May 2009 Galaxy was transferred to the fleet of TUI Cruises, a joint venture between Celebrity Cruises' owner Royal Caribbean Group and TUI AG and renamed as Mein Schiff.[20] Two more Solstice Class ships entered service – the Celebrity Equinox in 2009 and the Celebrity Eclipse in 2010.

Celebrity Cruises and Norwegian Cruise Line embarkation point, Port of Seattle Bell Street Pier

In 2011, Celebrity Mercury was sold by Celebrity fleet to become Mein Schiff 2 for TUI Cruises.[21] The fourth Solstice Class ship the Celebrity Silhouette entered service in 2011. The Celebrity Reflection was delivered in 2012.

In 2014, Celebrity Cruises launched a blog called "Catalyst," which covered travel, fashion and culture.[22]

In April 2015, Celebrity's oldest ship at the time, the Celebrity Century, departed the fleet.[23]

On 4 December 2014, Celebrity Cruises signed of a letter of intent for a new class of vessels. The two 2,900-guest, 117,000 GT ships, will be developed under the project name EDGE and will build upon the brand's Millennium-class and Solstice-class vessels. The company took delivery of the first Edge-class vessel, the Celebrity Edge, on 31 October 2018,[24] and expects to receive the second Edge-class vessel, the Celebrity Apex, delivered in the early part of 2020.[25]

In December 2014, Lisa Lutoff-Perlo, a 32-year veteran of Celebrity Cruises, was promoted to President and Chief Executive Officer, making her "the first woman to be named CEO of a major cruise line".[26][27][28]

On 14 March 2016, Celebrity Cruises announced the planned acquisition of Galápagos Islands tour operator Ocean Adventures and its two ships, the 48-guest M/V Eclipse (now Celebrity Xperience) and the 16-guest catamaran M/C Athala II (now Celebrity Xploration). The move expanded Celebrity's guest capacity in the Galápagos by 65 percent.[29]

Celebrity Cruises announced on 11 October 2017, that it will perform legal same-sex marriages on its ships while in international waters following the legalization of same-sex marriage in Malta, where most of the Celebrity fleet is registered.[30] The company already hosted same-sex marriages while docked in jurisdictions where they are legal, but the change in Maltese law allowed the company's captains to perform legally recognized marriages while in international waters.[31]

In July 2018, the company announced its intention to invest more than $500 million to refurbish all Millennium-class and Solstice-class ships in the company's fleet between 2019 and 2023.[32]

In 2020, due to the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, sailings were suspended, on various dates in the various regions. On 12 January 2021, a report indicated that sailings were suspended worldwide " through April 30, including the May 1 transatlantic cruise on Celebrity Apex". Between May and October 2021, "Europe and transatlantic cruises on Celebrity Edge and Celebrity Constellation will also be suspended May through Oct. 2021". [33]

Fleet[edit]

Current fleet[edit]

Ship Entered service
for Celebrity
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes Image
Millennium class (R class)
Celebrity Millennium 2000 2,137 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Millennium, renamed in 2008.
Last renovated in 2019.[34]
Celebrity Infinity 2001 2,170 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Infinity, renamed in 2007. GTS Celebrity Infinity 2014 Ushuaia.JPG
Celebrity Summit 2001 2,158 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Summit, renamed in 2008.
Last renovated in 2019.[35]
Celebrity Summit Jun 24 2019.jpg
Celebrity Constellation 2002 2,170 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Constellation, renamed in 2007. Celebrity Constellation (ship, 2002) 001.jpg
Solstice class (R class)
Celebrity Solstice 2008 2,850 121,878 GT  Malta Lead ship of Solstice-class. M-S Celebrity Solstice.jpg
Celebrity Equinox 2009 2,850 121,878 GT  Malta Last renovated in 2019.[36] MV Celebrity Equinox San Juan.jpg
Celebrity Eclipse 2010 2,850 121,878 GT  Malta
Celebrity Silhouette 2011 2,886 122,210 GT  Malta Last renovated in 2020.[37]
Celebrity Reflection 2012 3,046 125,366 GT  Malta
Edge class
Celebrity Edge 2018 2,918 130,818 GT  Malta First ship in the class.
Largest in fleet by tonnage.
Celebrity Apex 2020 2,918 130,818 GT  Malta Flag ship of Celebrity Cruises
Expedition vessels
Celebrity Xpedition 2001 48 2,842 GT  Ecuador Capacity reduced from 100 to 48 in 2019 to meet Ecuador permit requirements.[38] Xpedition Galapagos.jpg
Celebrity Xploration 2017 16 3,195 GT  Ecuador Operated as Athala II for Ocean Adventures until 2016.[39][40]
Celebrity Flora 2019 100 5,739 GT  Ecuador [41] Celebrity FLORA (46874800674).jpg

Future fleet[edit]

Ship Class Enters service
with Celebrity
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes
Celebrity Beyond[42] Edge 2022[43]
originally planned for Fall 2021
140,600 GT  Malta [44][45]
TBA Edge Fall 2022 140,600 GT TBA [44][45]
TBA Edge Fall 2024 140,600 GT TBA [44][45]

Former fleet[edit]

Ship Class Years in service Tonnage* Status after Celebrity Image
Meridian 1990–1997 30,440 GRT From 1997 to 1999, Sun Vista for Sun Cruises.
Burned and sank in the Straits of Malacca in May 1999.[46]
"Meridian" - San Blas Islands, 1993.jpg
Horizon Horizon class 1990–2005 46,811 GT From 2005 to 2009, Island Star for Island Cruises.
From 2009 to 2012, Horizon for Pullmantur Cruises.
From 2012 to 2017, L'Horizon for CDF Croisières de France.[47]
From 2017 to 2020, Horizon for Pullmantur Cruises.
"Horizon" - Norfolk.jpg
Zenith Horizon class 1992–2007 47,255 GT From 2007 to 2014, Zenith for Pullmantur Cruises.
From 2014 to 2017, Zenith for CDF Croisières de France.[48]
From 2017 to 2020, Zenith for Pullmantur Cruises.
From 2020 onwards, Zenith for Peace Boat as Peace Boat II.[49]
Zenith at Ocho Rios.jpg
Celebrity Galaxy Century class 1996–2009 76,522 GT Galaxy from 1996 to 2008.
From 2009 to 2010, Mein Schiff for TUI Cruises.[50]
Renamed Mein Schiff 1 in 2010 and operated for TUI until 2018.
From 2018 onwards, Marella Explorer for Marella Cruises.
Celebrity galaxy ship.jpeg
Celebrity Mercury Century class 1997–2011 77,713 GT Mercury from 1997 to 2008
From 2011 to 2019, Mein Schiff 2 for TUI Cruises.[21]
Renamed Mein Schiff Herz in 2019.
Celebrity Mercury at Cabo San Lucas 1.jpg
Celebrity Century Century class 1995–2015 71,545 GT Century from 1995 to 2008
From 2015 to 2019, SkySea Golden Era for Sky Sea Cruise Line.
From 2019 onwards, Marella Explorer 2 for Marella Cruises.
Celebrity Century (ship, 1995).JPG
Celebrity Xperience 2017–2019 1,610 GT Operated as Eclipse for Ocean Adventures until 2016.[39]
Integrated into Celebrity's fleet in March 2017.[51]
First reported to likely be sold in November 2017.[52]
Replaced by Celebrity Xpedition in 2019 following Xpedition's re-entry into service.[53]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]