Celebrity Cruises

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Celebrity Cruises
Subsidiary
IndustryTourism, transport
Founded1988
HeadquartersMiami, Florida
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Lisa Lutoff-Perlo
(President and CEO)
ProductsCruises
ParentRoyal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
Websitecelebritycruises.com

Celebrity Cruises is a cruise line which was founded in 1988 by the Greece-based Chandris Group. In 1997, Celebrity Cruises Ltd. merged with Royal Caribbean Cruise Line to form Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., and has been a wholly owned subsidiary of the latter since then. The company has its headquarters in Miami, Florida.[1] Celebrity's signature logo is an "Χ" displayed on the funnel of Celebrity ships, and is the Greek letter chi, for "Chandris".[2][3]


History[edit]

Celebrity Cruises was founded in April 1988 as a subsidiary of the Greece-based Chandris Group to operate upmarket cruise ships to Bermuda.[4][5] Chandris had been involved in cruise traffic since the 1960s,[3] and during the late 1980s the company operated in the United States market under the brand name Chandris Cruises. Chandris Fantasy Cruises targeted the lower end of the cruise passenger market, with fleets consisting of second-hand ocean liners.[6] Celebrity Cruises came into existence when, in April 1988, Home Lines, at the time one of the world's leading premium cruise lines, was sold to Holland America Line. Home Lines' ships had held two of the five contracts offered by the Government of Bermuda to cruise lines, giving the ships priority berthing arrangement and unlimited access of sail to the islands in exchange for the ships sailing to Bermuda between April and October each year. Although these contracts were highly valued, Holland America Line decided to withdraw the former Home Lines ships from this service, leaving an opening for two new ships to gain access. Chandris wanted to acquire the contracts, but the Government of Bermuda was only willing to award them to upmarket cruise lines, which Chandris Fantasy Cruises was not.[4]

In order to gain the Bermuda Government contracts, Chandris created Celebrity Cruises and immediately began negotiating with the Bermuda Government in April 1988. As a result of the negotiations, Celebrity Cruises was awarded the contract for two ships for a five-year period beginning in 1990 [4] In order to fulfill the contract, Chandris Fantasy Cruises' Galileo was rebuilt at Lloyd Werft, Germany in 1989, re-entering service as Meridian for Celebrity Cruises in February 1990.[4][2] As the second ship Horizon, that had been ordered in 1988 as a replacement for Amerikanis in the Chandris Fantasy fleet, was transferred to Celebrity Cruises fleet, entering service in May 1990.[4][7] In late 1990 Celebrity Cruises placed an order for a sister ship of the Horizon, delivered in 1992 as Zenith.[4][8]

Merger with Royal Caribbean[edit]

Millennium, the lead ship in the Millennium-class ship, renamed Celebrity Millennium in 2008

In 1997, the Chandris family sold their interests in Celebrity Cruises to Royal Caribbean Cruise Line,[9] leading to the formation of Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. as a holding company to keep both brands separate, and the renaming of Royal Caribbean Cruise Line to Royal Caribbean International.[4] During the same year Celebrity Cruises took delivery of the first Century class vessel, Century, that was followed by Galaxy in 1996 and Mercury in 1997.[8] Following the delivery of the Mercury, the Meridian was sold to Singapore-based Sun Cruises. Between 2000 and 2002 Celebrity took delivery of a quartet of new ships, the gas turbine-powered and aptly named Millennium class ships Millennium, Infinity, Summit and Constellation.[8] The Celebrity Expeditions sub-brand was launched in 2001 with the acquisition of Celebrity Xpedition, a small boutique ship offering specialized cruises around the Galápagos Islands.[10] In 2005, the Horizon was transferred to the fleet Royal Caribbean's United Kingdom-based subsidiary Island Cruises.[7] In the same year, the first ship of what was to be named Solstice class was ordered from Meyer Werft.[11] By 2007, three more ships of this class were on order.[12]

In 2006, plans were made to transfer Blue Moon and Blue Dream from the fleet of Pullmantur Cruises to Celebrity Cruises under the names of Celebrity Quest and Celebrity Journey. The ships would have joined the Celebrity Expeditions sub-brand,[13][14] but in the end the decision was made to form an entirely new line, Azamara Cruises, to operate these ships in 2007.[15] Also in 2007 the Zenith was transferred to Pullmantur Cruises 'in exchange' for the Azamara ships.[13] Transfer of the Zenith also meant the end of Celebrity Cruises' association with Bermuda for the time being, as no ship was brought in to replace her on the cruises to Bermuda.[16] In April 2010, The Celebrity Summit reposition yearly to New Jersey and offers cruises to Bermuda.[17]

Celebrity Solstice, the lead ship in the Solstice-class

In 2007-2008, all of Celebrity Cruises' ships were renamed with a "Celebrity" prefix added to the pre-existing ship names.[8][18] Celebrity Solstice, the first ship in the new Solstice-class, was delivered to Celebrity on 24 October 2008.[19] In May 2009 Galaxy was transferred to the fleet of TUI Cruises, a joint venture between Celebrity Cruises' owner Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. and TUI AG and renamed as Mein Schiff.[20] Two more Solstice Class ships entered service – the Celebrity Equinox in 2009 and the Celebrity Eclipse in 2010.

Celebrity Cruises and Norwegian Cruise Line embarkation point, Port of Seattle Bell Street Pier

In 2011, Celebrity Mercury was sold by Celebrity fleet to become Mein Schiff 2 for TUI Cruises.[21] The fourth Solstice Class ship the Celebrity Silhouette entered service in 2011. The Celebrity Reflection was delivered in 2012.

Recent developments[edit]

In 2014, Celebrity Cruises launched a blog called "Catalyst," which covered travel, fashion and culture.[22]

In April 2015, Celebrity's oldest ship at the time, the Celebrity Century, departed the fleet.[23]

On 4 December 2014, Celebrity Cruises signed of a letter of intent for a new class of vessels. The two 2,900-guest, 117,000 GT ships, will be developed under the project name EDGE and will build upon the brand's Millennium-class and Solstice-class vessels. The company took delivery of the first Edge-class vessel, the Celebrity Edge, on 31 October 2018,[24] and expects to receive the second Edge-class vessel, the Celebrity Apex, delivered in the early part of 2020.[25]

In December 2014, Lisa Lutoff-Perlo, a 32-year veteran of Celebrity Cruises, was promoted to President and Chief Executive Officer, making her "the first woman to be named CEO of a major cruise line".[26][27][28]

On 14 March 2016, Celebrity Cruises announced the planned acquisition of Galápagos Islands tour operator Ocean Adventures and its two ships, the 48-guest M/V Eclipse (now Celebrity Xperience) and the 16-guest catamaran M/C Athala II (now Celebrity Xploration). The move expanded Celebrity's guest capacity in the Galápagos by 65 percent.[29]

Celebrity Cruises announced on 11 October 2017, that it will perform legal same-sex marriages on its ships while in international waters following the legalization of same-sex marriage in Malta, where most of the Celebrity fleet is registered.[30] The company already hosted same-sex marriages while docked in jurisdictions where they are legal, but the change in Maltese law allowed the company's captains to perform legally recognized marriages while in international waters.[31]

In July 2018, the company announced its intention to invest more than $500 million to refurbish all Millennium-class and Solstice-class ships in the company's fleet between 2019 and 2023.[32]

Fleet[edit]

Current fleet[edit]

Millennium class[edit]

Ship Entered service
for Celebrity
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes Image
Celebrity Millennium 2000 2,137 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Millennium, renamed in 2008.

Refitted in 2019[33]

Celebrity Millennium at Kurushima Strait (cropped) (cropped).jpg
Celebrity Infinity 2001 2,170 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Infinity, renamed in 2007. GTS Celebrity Infinity 2014 Ushuaia.JPG
Celebrity Summit 2001 2,158 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Summit, renamed in 2008.

Refitted in 2019[34]

GTS Summit in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada May 19, 2006.jpg
Celebrity Constellation 2002 2,170 91,000 GT  Malta Previously Constellation, renamed in 2007. Celebrity Constellation (ship, 2002) 001.jpg

Solstice class[edit]

Ship Entered service
for Celebrity
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes Image
Celebrity Solstice 2008 2,850 121,878 GT  Malta First ship in the class M-S Celebrity Solstice.jpg
Celebrity Equinox 2009 2,850 121,878 GT  Malta Refitted in 2019[35] CelebrityEquinox-maidenvoyage.jpg
Celebrity Eclipse 2010 2,850 121,878 GT  Malta Celebrity Eclipse-1.jpg
Celebrity Silhouette 2011 2,886 122,210 GT  Malta Celebrity Silhouette San Juan.JPG
Celebrity Reflection 2012 3,046 125,366 GT  Malta Largest in fleet by passenger count CelebrityReflection.jpg

Edge class[edit]

Ship Entered service
for Celebrity
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes Image
Celebrity Edge 2018 2,918 130,818 GT  Malta First ship in the class; largest in fleet by tonnage Celebrity Edge - Sept 2018 (cropped).jpg

Xpedition class[edit]

Ship Entered service
for Celebrity
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes Image
Celebrity Xpedition 2001 48 2,842 GT  Ecuador Capacity reduced in 2019 to meet Ecuador permit requirements; scheduled to replace Xperience[36] Xpedition Galapagos.jpg
Celebrity Xperience 2017 48 1,610 GT  Ecuador Inaugural date is March 2017; planned to be withdrawn[36]
Celebrity Xploration 2017 16 319.5 GT  Ecuador Inaugural date is March 2017
Celebrity Flora 2019 100 5,739 GT  Ecuador [37]

Future ships[edit]

Ship Class Enters service
with Celebrity
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes
Celebrity Apex[38] Edge Spring 2020 2,918 129,500 GT  Malta [39]
TBA Edge Fall 2021 2,918 129,500 GT  Malta
TBA Edge Fall 2022 2,918 129,500 GT  Malta [39]
TBA Edge Fall 2024 2,918 129,500 GT  Malta [39]

Retired ships[edit]

Ship Class Years in service Tonnage* Status after Celebrity Image
Meridian 1990–1997 30,440 GRT Burnt and sank at the Straits of Malacca in 1999 as the Sun Vista for Sun Cruises.[40] "Meridian" - San Blas Islands, 1993.jpg
Horizon Horizon class 1990–2005 46,811 GT From 2005 to 2009, Island Star for Island Cruises. From 2009 to 2012, sailed for Pullmantur Cruises. From 2012 to 2017 sailed for CDF Croisières de France.[41] Returned to Pullmantur Cruises fleet in 2017, in service for Pullmantur 2017 to present. "Horizon" - Norfolk.jpg
Zenith Horizon class 1992–2007 47,255 GT From 2007 to 2014 sailing for Pullmantur Cruises. From 2014 to 2017 sailed for CDF Croisières de France.[42] Returned to Pullmantur Cruises fleet in 2017, in service for Pullmantur 2017 to present. Zenith at Ocho Rios.jpg
Galaxy
/Celebrity Galaxy
Century class 1996–2009 76,522 GT Entered service with TUI Cruises as Mein Schiff in May 2009.[43] Will transfer to Marella Cruises as Marella Explorer in May 2018. Celebrity galaxy ship.jpeg
Celebrity Mercury Century class 1997–2011 77,713 GT Entered service with TUI Cruises as Mein Schiff 2 in February 2011.[21] Celebrity Mercury at Cabo San Lucas 1.jpg
Celebrity Century Century class 1995–2015 71,545 GT Transferred to Ctrip in April 2015. Sold to Marella Cruises, will sail as Marella Explorer 2 in late 2018. Celebrity Century (ship, 1995).JPG

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact Us." Celebrity Cruises. Retrieved on 20 January 2010.
  2. ^ a b Maritime Matters: Sun Vista, retrieved 29. 11. 2007 Archived 16 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b Ulrich, Kurt. (1997). Monarchs of the sea : the great ocean liner. London: Taurus Parke Books. p. 177. ISBN 1-86064-373-6.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Plowman, Peter (2006). The Chandris Liners and Celebrity Cruises. Rosenberg Publishing. pp. 198–203. ISBN 1-877058-47-5.
  5. ^ "Celebrity Cruises – Hospitality, Deck & Engine Careers". EduMaritime.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2015.
  6. ^ NineMSN: Cruising: Celebrity Cruises Archived 24 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  7. ^ a b "Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Horizon (1990)" (in Swedish)., retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  8. ^ a b c d Asklander, Micke. "Celebrity Cruises". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 13 November 2008.
  9. ^ "About Celebrity: History". Celebrity Cruises. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
  10. ^ Ward, Douglas: Berlitz Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships 2006, page 237. Berlitz Publishing 2006. ISBN 981-246-739-4
  11. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Orders New Cruise Ship, Launches Innovative New Class Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  12. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Announces Fourth Solstice-Class Ship, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  13. ^ a b Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. Receives Antitrust Approval On Pullmantur Purchase; Announces Celebrity Expeditions And Celebrity, Pullmantur Ship Swap, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  14. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Expands 'Celebrity Expeditions'; Adds Celebrity Quest to Exotic Brand Extension, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  15. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Presents New, Deluxe Cruise Line: Azamara Cruises, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  16. ^ "Celebrity returns to Bermuda in 2010". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 24 November 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  17. ^ Sloan, Gene. "Most Popular". USA Today.
  18. ^ Ward, Douglas (2008). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. p. 8. ISBN 978-981-268-240-6.
  19. ^ "Meyer Werft delivers Celebrity Solstice". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2008.
  20. ^ "Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. | Investors". www.rclinvestor.com. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  21. ^ a b Celebrity Mercury to Become Second Ship in TUI Cruises Fleet. Cruise Industry News. Retrieved on 10 December 2011.
  22. ^ "About Celebrity Cruises Catalyst". celebritycruisescom.wordpress.com. Celebrity Cruises Catalyst. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  23. ^ "Celebrity Cruises Confirms Departure of Celebrity Century". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  24. ^ Staff, C. I. N. (31 October 2018). "Celebrity Edge Delivered". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  25. ^ "Celebrity Cruises Orders Two New Ships". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  26. ^ Reiser, Emon (20 April 2016). "CEO of Celebrity Cruises on leadership: 'Don't limit what you want to be'". South Florida Business Journal. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  27. ^ Satchell, Arlene (28 April 2015). "Celebrity Cruises chief Lisa Lutoff-Perlo aims to 'put the brand on the map'". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  28. ^ Begley Bloom, Laura (14 March 2017). "This Woman Is The Force Behind The World's Coolest New Cruise Ship". Forbes. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  29. ^ "Celebrity Makes Moves in Galapagos, Acquires Two Ships". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  30. ^ Herrera, Chabeli (11 October 2017). "Celebrity Cruises can now perform same-sex weddings in international waters". Miami Herald. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  31. ^ Satchell, Arlene (11 October 2017). "Celebrity Cruises now offering legal same-sex marriages on ships sailing internationally". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  32. ^ "Celebrity Cruises to Refurbish Entire Fleet - Cruise Critic". www.cruisecritic.com. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  33. ^ "Celebrity Millennium Debuts Following Refit". Cruise Industry News. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  34. ^ "Celebrity Summit emerges from multi-million dollar refit". Bolsovercruiseclub.com. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  35. ^ "Celebrity Equinox First Solstice Class Ship Transformed by Celebrity Revolution". TravelPulse. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  36. ^ a b "Celebrity Xpedition on standby, awaiting Galápagos permit". Seatrade Cruise News. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  37. ^ "Celebrity breaks out with first cruise newbuild for the Galápagos". 16 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  38. ^ http://www.cruiseindustrynews.com/cruise-news/16027-celebrity-marks-steel-cutting-for-new-celebrity-edge.html
  39. ^ a b c "Royal Orders Oasis Five, Two More Ships for Celebrity". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  40. ^ Knego, Peter. "Sun Vista (ex-Galileo Galilei, Galileo, Meridian)". Maritime Matters. Archived from the original on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  41. ^ "Horizon 2012". CDF Croisières de France. 28 April 2012. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  42. ^ "Zenith (107402)". DNV GL Vessel Register. Germanischer Lloyd. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  43. ^ "Celebrity Cruises' Celebrity Galaxy to Become First Ship in New TUI Cruises Fleet". Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2008.

External links[edit]