Celeste Caeiro

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Celeste Caeiro
Celeste Caeiro.png
Born (1933-05-02) 2 May 1933 (age 85)
Nationality Portugal
Employer Lisbon restaurant
Known for handing out flowers to soldiers

Celeste Martins Caeiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈlɛʃtɨ kaˈɐjɾu]; born 2 May 1933), also known as Celeste dos cravos ("Celeste of the carnations") is a Portuguese pacifist restaurant worker. Her actions led to a 1974 coup being known as the Carnation Revolution.[1]

Life[edit]

A Banksy grafitti in Lisbon features carnations

Caeiro was born in 1933. She came to notice during the revolution to overthrow Marcelo Caetano. She gave out red and white carnations to the soldiers, leading to the action of 25 April 1974 being known as the "Carnation Revolution". She was working in a new restaurant in Lisbon called Rua Braamcamp. The restaurant had planned to give out flowers to all its new customers on 25 April but this had to be cancelled because of the coup. She was sent home and told that she could take the wasted red and white flowers.[1]

She offered the flowers to the tanks involved with the coup and they placed the flowers in the muzzle of their guns.[1] The idea was copied and flower sellers donated more flowers to decorate the mutinous soldiers and their weapons.[2]

The anniversary of the Carnation Revolution is a national holiday in Portugal.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Araújo Branco, Isabel (2000). "25 DE ABRIL SEMPRE! - A flor que deu o nome à Revolução: «Um cravo oferece-se a qualquer pessoa»". Avante! (in Portuguese) (1378). Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b Association, Peter Booker, Algarve History. "Why April 25th is a holiday - the Carnation Revolution and the events of 1974". Retrieved 2017-12-29.