Celeste Caeiro

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Celeste Caeiro
Caiero's face
Caiero in 2018
Born (1933-05-02) 2 May 1933 (age 89)
EmployerLisbon restaurant
Known forhanding out flowers to soldiers

Celeste Martins Caeiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈlɛʃtɨ kaˈɐjɾu]; born 2 May 1933), also known as Celeste dos cravos ("Celeste of the carnations") is a Portuguese pacifist and former restaurant worker. Her actions led to the naming of the 1974 coup as the Carnation Revolution.[1]


A graffito by Portuguese artist Adres in Lisbon featuring carnations

Caeiro was born in 1933. She came to prominence during the revolution to overthrow Marcelo Caetano. She gave out red and white carnations to the soldiers, leading to the action of 25 April 1974 being known as the "Carnation Revolution". She was working in a self-service restaurant in Lisbon called "Sir" located at Franjinhas Building on Rua Braamcamp.[2] The restaurant was opened in 25 April 1973 and for its first anniversary the owners planned to give out flowers to all its customers on 25 April 1974 but this had to be cancelled because of the coup. She was sent home and told that she could take the wasted red and white flowers.[1]

She offered the flowers to the tanks involved with the coup and they placed the flowers in the muzzle of their guns.[1] The idea was copied and flower sellers donated more flowers to decorate the mutinous soldiers and their weapons.[3]

The anniversary of the Carnation Revolution is a national holiday in Portugal.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Araújo Branco, Isabel (2000). "25 DE ABRIL SEMPRE! - A flor que deu o nome à Revolução: "Um cravo oferece-se a qualquer pessoa"". Avante! (in Portuguese) (1378). Archived from the original on 2013-07-06. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  2. ^ O edifício Franjinhas vai ficar de cara lavada
  3. ^ a b Association, Peter Booker, Algarve History. "Why April 25th is a holiday - the Carnation Revolution and the events of 1974". Retrieved 2017-12-29.