Celestino Armas

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Celestino Armas
Minister for Information and Tourism
In office
President Carlos Andrés Pérez
Preceded by Diego Arria
Minister for Energy and Mines
In office
President Carlos Andrés Pérez
Succeeded by Alirio Parra
Secretary of the Presidency
In office
President Carlos Andrés Pérez
Personal details
Born (1935-12-15)15 December 1935
Barcelona, Anzoátegui
Died 16 January 2011(2011-01-16)
Profession politician, engineer

Celestino Armas (Barcelona, Anzoátegui, 15 December 1935[1] - 16 January 2011[2]), was a Venezuelan engineer and politician.

He obtained a degree in engineering from the Central University of Venezuela, and a postgraduate degree from the Colorado School of Mines.[2] Before joining as an active member of AD, he was working in the Guayana iron mines, as an official of the then Ministry of Mines and Hydrocarbons.

He held the Information and Tourism Ministry (1978-1979) in the First Presidency of Carlos Andrés Pérez and playing a key role in the 1976 nationalization of the iron and oil industry.[2] In the months leading up to the Oil Reversal, his party moved him to play the sensitive position of the chair of the Permanent Energy and Mines Commission of the Chamber of Deputies, which was the center of public debate and drafting of the law to nationalize the Petroleum.

Before August 30, 1975, which was the creation of Petróleos de Venezuela, two years of continuous debate took place on a transcendental issue, involving all political parties and influential sectors of national public life, of various shades.

Some aspired to "throw out the companies and pay them nothing, and others who opposed nationalization." In that interregnum the balance and the good sense of Armas, was a very important ingredient.

Because the oil concessions were extinguished in 1983, the national government to comply with the legal rules of the date advance, ordered the payment of compensation. The New York Times called oil nationalization a "model."

In the Second Presidency of Carlos Andrés Pérez as Minister for Energy and Mines (1989 - 1992)[3] had a leading role in the first process of the so-called Opening of the Venezuelan oil industry, directing the first round of Operational Agreements in 1991. He was elected President of OPEC in June 1991. He repeatedly occupied, albeit on an interim basis, Treasury Ministry and Health and Social Assistance Ministry. In the last months of the constitutional period he served as Secretary of the Presidency.

In the private sphere, he was a member of the Superior Council of the Simón Bolívar University. Already retired, was founder of the Institute of Mining and Petroleum (IPEMIN), along with other important Venezuelan professionals, being president of this institution.


  1. ^ (in Spanish) civ.net.ve, 20 January 2011, Falleció en Caracas el Ing. Celestino Armas
  2. ^ a b c (in Spanish) PetroFinanzas, 17 January 2011, Falleció el exministro Celestino Armas, accessed 24 May 2012
  3. ^ Youssef M Ibrahim, New York Times, 5 June 1991, Iraqi Plea on Exports Rejected at OPEC Talks