25 June 1921
|Died||19 February 2007
|Known for||Founder of The National Ballet of Canada|
|Awards||Order of Canada
Order of Ontario
Franca was born Celia Franks in London, England, the daughter of an East End tailor. Her family were Polish Jewish immigrants. She began to study dance at the age of four and was a scholarship student at the Guildhall School of Music and the Royal Academy of Dance. She made her professional debut aged 14. She successfully auditioned for Marie Rambert's ballet company in 1936. She changed her name to Franca in emulation of Alicia Marks, who changed hers to Alicia Markova. She entered into the first of three marriages, to fellow dancer Leo Kersley.
In 1941, aged 20, she was a dramatic ballerina in the Sadler's Wells company. In 1947 she joined the Metropolitan Ballet as a soloist and ballet mistress. It was there that she began choreographing for television, creating the first two ballets – Eve of St. Agnes and Dance of Salomé – commissioned by the BBC.
Franca continued television work after the Metropolitan Ballet shut down. In 1950, a group of Toronto balletomanes asked Franca, who had come to Canada to attend a festival, to start a Canadian classical company; she did so in the very short time of 10 months. While supporting herself as a file clerk at Eaton's department store, she recruited and trained dancers, staged some Promenade Concerts, organized a summer school, she gathered an artistic staff and prepared her uneven but enthusiastic new company for its opening on 12 November 1951. She and Betty Oliphant founded the National Ballet School of Canada in 1959 to provide trained dancers for the Company.
Franca lived in Ottawa and was a co-artistic director of The School of Dance, a member of the board of governors of York University and the board of directors of the Canada Council and later served on the Board of Directors for the Canada Dance Festival Society.
Franca continued her association with the National Ballet, revising works for the Company, including Offenbach in the Underworld (1983) and staging The Nutcracker. She returned to the Company to produce a 35th Anniversary Gala Performance at Toronto's O'Keefe Centre.
In 1967, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1985. In 1994, Franca received a Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement.
After a year of poor health after breaking the vertebrae in her back, she died on 19 February 2007, aged 85, in an Ottawa Hospital.
- Carol Bishop-Gwyn (2011). The Pursuit of Perfection: A Life of Celia Franca. Cormorant Books Inc. ISBN 978-1770860438.
- Celia Franca dies in hospital. Ottawa Citizen. Archived 19 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. canada.com (2007-02-19)
- "York grad writes first biography of National Ballet Founder Celia Franca". Aumni News, 2011-11-29. York University.
- "National Ballet founder dies at 85". Globe and Mail, Sandra Martin, February 19, 2007
- Harris M. Lentz III (2 June 2008). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2007: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture. McFarland. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-7864-3481-7.
- Obituary, Jewish Chronicle, 13 April 2007, p. 20
- "Shedding new light on Celia Franca". Toronto Star, Michael Crabb, Dec. 13, 2011
- Gladys Davidson (1952). Ballet biographies. W. Laurie. p. 94.
- Sandra Gwyn (1971). Women in the Arts in Canada. Information Canada. pp. 55–57.
- Gail Youngberg; Mona Holmlund (2003). Inspiring Women: A Celebration of Herstory. Coteau Books. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-55050-204-6.
- "Celia Franca". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- "National Ballet founder Celia Franca dies". CBC Arts, Feb 19, 2007
- "Goodbye to a great lady". Obituary on the Globe and Mail, July 24, 2004, John Fraser.
- "The Pursuit of Perfection: A Life of Celia Franca, by Carol Bishop-Gwyn". Reviewed by Deirdre Kelly, The Globe and Mail, January 27, 2012