|Origin||New York City, New York, United States|
|Labels||Esion Media, Position Music, FiXT Music|
|Associated acts||Blue Stahli, Chatterbox, Circle of Dust, Argyle Park, Criss Angel, Angeldust, Scandroid, Zardonic|
Celldweller is a Detroit, Michigan-based musical project created by multi-instrumentalist artist, producer, songwriter, performer, programmer, and remixer Klayton. Klayton creates a hybrid fusion of digital and organic elements: intricately designed soundscapes that take cues from electronic genres like drum and bass, electro, and dubstep, woven together with aggressive rock/metal and orchestral elements. Celldweller songs have been featured in many films, movie trailers, television shows and video games.
- 1 Career
- 2 YouTube career
- 3 Discography
- 4 Awards
- 5 Live band
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Precursors: Circle of Dust and Angeldust, 1992–1999
The name Celldweller was derived from a nickname his mom gave him when he was a teenager, dubbed "Cellar Dweller", as he made all of his music in his parents cellar. Klayton had gained a devoted cult following in the mid 90s because of his industrial metal band Circle of Dust. He also contributed to the supergroup Argyle Park, using the pseudonyms Dred, Deathwish, and Celldweller. After the dissolution of Circle of Dust, Klayton concurrently released both a posthumous collection of reworked Circle of Dust leftovers titled Disengage and an album for a new project, Angeldust, created in conjunction with illusionist Criss Angel. Both albums demonstrated Klayton's shift away from industrial metal and towards more electronic-modern industrial rock influences, incorporating richer electronic instrumentation and greater emphasis on melody. This change in style was a major step toward the sound that would come to define Celldweller's output. Klayton began creating songs for the Celldweller project in 1998/1999 and released a limited edition EP of three early Celldweller demos and two solo trance tracks, which quickly sold out. Klayton and Criss Angel parted ways in 2000 after three albums' worth of material had been completed, allowing Klayton to devote all of his time to Celldweller.
Eponymous debut period (1999–2004)
Klayton worked in earnest with producer Grant Mohrman (formerly of Leaderdogs for the Blind) on the debut Celldweller album, which was slated for release in February 2001. Unfortunately, various delays kept pushing the release date back. During this time, Klayton kept fans up to date with numerous Celldweller Logs through his website and via email and, in 2001, released raw files of the song "Symbiont" to give fans and fellow musicians a chance to remix Celldweller's music. Eight remixes were chosen and uploaded to the original Mp3.com, most of them making it to the top of the Electronic and the Electro-Industrial charts. All the exposure led to over 500,000 song plays on Mp3.com. The "Symbiont" remixes became a digital EP six years later.
The self-titled debut album saw release in early 2003 and debuted at No. 17 on Billboard's Internet Sales Chart. Celldweller included a guest appearance by Taproot drummer Jarrod Montague. In 2004, the album took home seven awards at the Just Plain Folks Music Awards, winning Album of the Year, Producer of the Year, Industrial Album of the Year, Metal Song of the Year ("One Good Reason") and Best Industrial Rock Song ("Switchback"), and also took runner-up in Best Industrial Song with "Stay with Me (Unlikely)" and Best Rock Song with "I Believe You". Later, the songs "Birthright" and "Switchback" were included in the list of Hard and Extreme Mode songs respectively for the popular iPhone OS game Tap Tap Revenge.
In 2004, Klayton put together a double disc release called The Beta Cessions. The first disc contained a re-recording of the last Circle of Dust song, "Goodbye", alternate mixes of "Switchback", the Klayton tracks from the initial Celldweller EP, and demo versions of debut Celldweller songs. The second disc contained the full debut album in instrumental form, with a few of the instrumentals being slightly edited. Klayton stated that he plans to release Beta Cessions to coincide with each of his major albums to collect outtakes, demos, and other rarities.
In the years following the release of the first Celldweller album, various remix EPs were released, culminating in the conception of the Take It & Break It Celldweller Remix Competition in 2006. Expanded off the fan remix concept that Klayton first toyed with in 2001 with the Symbiont remixes, the Take It & Break It competition saw the creation of its own website on which unlimited numbers of fans could register, download and remix the individual recording files of various Celldweller songs, and then submit their remixes. Three rounds of the competition were completed, with compilations of Celldweller remixes being released at the end of each round. In 2008, the Celldweller Remix Competition evolved into the FiXT Remix Competition where fans, remixers, and musicians have the opportunity to remix songs of not only Celldweller but other FiXT Music artists as well.
In December 2008, Klayton released Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 01, a collection consisting primarily of short, instrumental score-based compositions. He selected and reworked demos from his extensive archives that he felt would suit for film, TV and video game licensing. Additionally, some songs were from the (then work in progress) second main Celldweller album sessions. Celldweller's management has sought to have these songs placed in media, like those on the debut album, and several have already been heard on film and television and in video games.
Wish Upon a Blackstar period (2004–2012)
Writing and recording for the second Celldweller album has been underway since 2004. Originally slated to come out in the summer of 2006, the album has been delayed numerous times. In March 2009, Klayton announced that the title of the album is Wish Upon a Blackstar. Of 50 songs, he has narrowed it down to the 10 that will comprise the album. In a blog post on his website, he elaborated on wanting to release the album in "Chapters" with each Chapter consisting of two songs.
During the recording of Wish Upon a Blackstar, Klayton also began work on his follow-up to Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 01. Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 02 will be released in the same manner as Wish Upon a Blackstar: as handfuls of tracks are completed, Chapters of the full album will be released digitally until the full collection is complete and the album is released on physical media. Chapter 01 of SVH Vol. 02 featured four songs, including a 20-minute ambient piece (a first for Celldweller). Additionally, a Limited Edition CD of Chapter 01 was released on December 7, 2010 that contained a bonus short ambient track, "Distants".
In addition to working on Wish Upon a Blackstar and SVH Vol. 02, Celldweller kept busy on other fronts. He produced the remainder of the debut Blue Stahli album, appeared on the soundtrack of the Xbox 360/PlayStation 3 game Dead Rising 2 with a new original song, "Kill the Sound", as well as a selection of previously released Celldweller songs, and also remixed songs for BT and JES.
Klayton confirmed in April 2010 that, for the first time in five years, he would be taking Celldweller on the road. The live band would consist of Klayton and fellow FiXT recording artist Blue Stahli. The first leg of the tour, in the fall of 2010, included shows at Triton Fest in New York City, Dragoncon in Atlanta, Georgia, and EBM Fest in Toronto. In November 2010, Klayton announced that he is planning to release studio recordings of the alternate live versions of Celldweller songs played on the tour. The first of these releases, Cellout EP 01, is available as an iTunes exclusive, released on January 25, 2011.
On May 4, 2011, a four-EP bundle was released via Groupees in a 72-hour only exclusive online sale with 20% of the benefits going to Red Cross for Tornado Relief. The EPs in the promotion were Cellout EP 01, Chapter 01 of Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 02, Chapter 03 of Wish Upon a Blackstar and the Unreleased EP which contained previously unreleased songs and remixes including a song titled "Senorita Bonita" from the Chapter 02 of SVH Vol. 02 and a Beta Cessions demo, "Atmospheric Light".
In May 2011, in a Ustream broadcast Klayton mentioned that he was planning to launch a Celldweller VIP Membership, which would give "access to unreleased demos, video, news, discounts & more". It was to be launched in "early/mid July", 2011.
On November 24, 2011, Klayton announced that he is planning to release Wish Upon a Blackstar on March 27, 2012.
Chapter 02 of Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 02 was released on February 14, 2012 and pre-orders of Live Upon a Blackstar began on the same day along with an announcement about the delay of Wish Upon a Blackstar to May 22, 2012. On March 2, 2012, Klayton released a new SVH song, "Elara" as a single.
The MP3 Album version of Live Upon a Blackstar was released on March 26, 2012, one day early. However, the Live Upon a Blackstar Blu-ray DVD was delayed to April 17, 2012 and was delayed again, to May 22, 2012. The release date of Wish Upon a Blackstar was also moved.
On May 22, 2012, the Live Upon a Blackstar DVD/Blu-ray was delayed to June 12, 2012.
On June 12, 2012, Wish Upon a Blackstar was released alongside the Live Upon a Blackstar Blu-ray DVD. The next day, Klayton released a new SVH Vol. 02 song as a single and he also announced the release date of July 24, 2012 for the full Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 02 album. On July 16, 2012, a new vocal song titled "Tough Guy" was released for free download on Dubstep.net. Klayton stated that this song is "towards the next Celldweller album".
On September 14, 2012, a new Klash-Up, "Miss Murder's Personal Jesus" was premiered Alternative Press's website. It contains elements of AFI's "Miss murder" and Depeche Mode's "Personal Jesus". On October 19, 2012, another Klash-Up titled "Cry Little Sister Vs. Hello Zepp" was released on Bloody Disgusting's website. It contains elements of Gerard McMahon's "Cry Little Sister" and "Hello Zepp" from Saw.
On October 26, 2012, Celldweller launched another Groupees campaign, selling Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 1 and Vol. 2, Live Upon a Blackstar, Wish Upon a Blackstar, The Complete Cellout as well as offering the Live Upon a Blackstar DVD for digital download with a portion of all the sales were donated to the Children's Defense Fund. Through the campaign, donors unlocked a new 3-song Unreleased EP 2 with demo songs that were intended for Wish Upon a Blackstar.
Blackstar and End of an Empire (2013–2015)
On the February 11, 2013, which marked the 10th anniversary of the release of his debut album, Klayton announced that he was working on a re-issue of the debut album, along with a two-disc Deluxe Edition due out in May. The finished version of the unreleased song, "Uncrowned", was also released with the re-issue. It was originally written for the debut album, but never made it on there. The re-issue also contains remastered versions of the tracks released during the Groupees promotions, alongside never heard before tracks. On May 1, 2013, Klayton posted an announcement video on his social networking pages that the re-issue of his debut album was available for pre-order from the FiXT website. The re-issue was released on June 10, 2013, one day before the original release date.
On June 25, 2013, The Complete Cellout Vol. 01 Instrumentals was released, containing instrumental versions of the songs from The Complete Cellout Vol. 01.
Klayton programmed four tracks on the I See Stars album New Demons, and composed music for the video game Dead Rising 3. Klayton also released two songs with James Dooley, entitled "Black Sun" and "Rise from the Underworld". "Black Sun" appeared in the film I, Frankenstein.
Klayton announced, in February 2013, that he would be publishing a new novel, titled Blackstar, based upon/inspired by his album Wish Upon a Blackstar. The novel was being written by five-time award-winning author Josh Viola (director of the "Unshakeable" music video) of The Bane of Yoto and renowned author Keith Ferrell of Bloodmoon: Birth of the Beast. The first act was released on December 3, 2013.
Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 03 was also announced on his Facebook. Chapter 01 of SVH Vol. 03 was revealed by The Orchard. It was released earlier exclusively on iTunes on July 2, 2013. On other online stores, including FiXT Store, it was released on July 16, 2013.
Klayton also announced a new project with music producer Varien, called Scandroid. A website was created with a preview of a new song. The full song, "Salvation Code", was released on August 6, 2013.
On August 23, 2013, Celldweller posted an image of him and what he described on the post as a set for a music video shoot. The song it is for is currently unknown, but details about the video were posted a day later, with an image of a forest and with a quote "I am here shooting a Celldweller music video (feat @bluestahli.)" with Blue Stahli playing a guest role in the video, and in another post, that they are wearing space suits in the woods. In a post on the next day after that, he commented to say that he and Blue Stahli are celebrating the wrap of the music video, along with "#theluckyones", possibly meaning that the song will be "The Lucky One".
On December 6, 2013, Celldweller released the official music video to "Unshakable" a week earlier to its initial release date due to fans making over 100 reviews on Blackstar's Ebook and score on iTunes and Amazon. On January 5, 2014, he released a short song called "Snowcore" on his SoundCloud page.
On February 2014, Celldweller announced the Sonix Producer Pack Vol. I, which features sounds that Klayton created for music production. It was released to the public on February 11, 2014.
On March 18, 2014, he announced another album coming some time in 2014. He also stated that the next album will be released in a series of chapters, similar to his previous feature album Wish Upon a Blackstar. On August 13, 2014, the new album title was announced and is End of an Empire. Its first chapter, Time, was released on September 16, 2014.
On September 2, 2015, Celldweller announced the release date of the final End of an Empire album, November 6, 2015.
Space and Time - Expansion (2016)
On April, 12, 2016, Celldweller released an album containing remixes of his 2013 original album Space and Time. Most remixes were produced by popular electronic music artists such as KJ Sawka, Zardonic and Katfyr among others.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2017)|
The fourth full length studio album Offworld is due to release on the 29th of July 2017, and contains a "journey of sentimental feels and emotionally gripping tracks" contrasting to the project's aggressive guitars and blasting beats.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2014)|
|Origin||Detroit, Michigan, U.S.|
(January 22, 2017)
|Total views||41.6 millions
(January 22, 2017)
|Subscriber and view counts updated as of January 22, 2017.|
The show Demo Vault consists of demos that Klayton stored away, with the first release "Klay Out West" on February 28, 2014. On May 30, 2014, he released the first in a series of compilations, Demo Vault Vol. 01. Followed by Demo Vault Vol. 02 on September 5. On October 17, 2014, Klayton released the final episode of Demo Vault, stating that he didn't really run out of material but thinks the rest just isn't good enough to be published.
The show Ask Celldweller is a question & answer show that were submitted by fans ask via comments and video responses. Each episode is uploaded every second and fourth Tuesday of the month.
Cellevision involves Klayton contacting and meeting with other FiXT artists. The episodes are uploaded every first and third Thursday. Celldweller Production has him showing off the equipment he uses to make music. The episodes are uploaded every other month. Recording Cessions has him creating, recording and mastering music in his studio. The episodes are uploaded every fourth Thursday. The final show, Transmissions (previously "Because I Can") has Klayton creating experimental tracks with his modular system, like "Snowcore", "A Storm on Saturn", "Metropolitan" and "The Halls of Valhalla", a compilation of these experiments, Transmissions: Vol. 01, was released on December 23, 2014., followed by Volumes 2 and 3 released on May 5, 2015 and May 6, 2016, respectively.
- Studio albums
- Celldweller (2003)
- Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 01 (2008)
- Wish Upon a Blackstar (2009-2012)
- Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 02 (2010-2012)
- Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 03 (2013-2016)
- End of an Empire (2014-2015)
- Offworld (2017)
- Best Hard Rock Song - "Fadeaway"
- Best Industrial Song - "Switchback" (with "Stay with Me (Unlikely)" in second place)
- Best Metal Song - "One Good Reason"
- 2nd place, Best Rock Song - "I Believe You"
- Album of the Year - Celldweller
- Producer of the Year - Klayton
- Best Industrial Album - Celldweller
- Best Male Vocalist - Klayton (2005 Radio-Active-Music Awards)
Past live performers
- Bret Autrey (Blue Stahli) - backing vocals, synthesizers, guitar, bass, percussion (2010–2013)
- Dale Van Norman - electric guitar, keyboards, percussion, backing vocals (2003–2005)
- Kemikal - bass guitar, keyboards, percussion, backing vocals (2003–2005)
- Cais - acoustic and electronic drums, percussion (2003–2005)
- Kenny James - acoustic and electronic drums, percussion (2003–2005)
- Del Cheetah - guitar, keyboards, percussion (2003–2005)
- Chris Cross aka Tweety - guitar, keyboards, percussion (2003–2005)
- "Placements - Position Music". Archived from the original on May 13, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Placements - Celldweller.com". Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "ask_celldweller Ep. 02: Thanks Mom". YouTube.com. Celldweller. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- "Klay Scott Interview with Carpe Noctem". Carpe Noctem magazine. 1997. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- Diamantis-Fry, Sophie (2003). "Klayton Interview with DELIRIUM". Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Klayton Interview with 1340 Mag". 1340 Mag. 2003. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Celldweller current info 29 October 2002". Archived from the original on October 29, 2002. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Celldweller current info 1 June 2000". Archived from the original on December 9, 2000. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- Celldweller ranking at Billboard
- "2004 Just Plain Folks Music Awards". November 7, 2004. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
- Yucel, Ilker (2006). "Beta Cessions Review". ReGen. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Klayton Was Here... (artist's blog) 06-10-2005". October 6, 2005. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Celldweller To Launch Groundbreaking Remix Contest". September 2006. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2009.
- "The FiXT Remix Competition website". Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Klayton Was Here...(artist's blog) 5-10-08". September 5, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- Burkart, Gregory S. (December 10, 2008). "Klayton interview with FEARnet". FEARnet. Retrieved April 11, 2009.
- Celldweller - The Best It's Gonna Get Beta Cessions Commentary (Wish Upon a Blackstar Chapter 02 Deluxe Edition)
- celldweller (December 8, 2009). "Eon Beta Cessions commentary". youtube.com. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- celldweller (December 23, 2011). "Beta Cessions (Demos Vol. 01)". FiXT Music. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- "Does This Smell Like Chloroform? (04-20-09)". Celdweller.com. April 20, 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2009.[dead link]
- "Dead Rising 2: The Music Behind the Game (Celldweller)". FiXT News. September 28, 2010. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- "Update from the studio". Celldweller. April 3, 2009. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- "Updates (lots of 'em)". Celldweller. April 5, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- "Atmospheric Light | 72 Hour Promo Sale". Celldweller. May 3, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "Anyone still... | Facebook". Facebook. June 10, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- celldweller (November 24, 2011). "Wish Upon A Blackstar | Letter From Klayton". mim.io. Retrieved November 24, 2011.
- celldweller (February 14, 2012). "Celldweller - Live Upon a Blackstar". FiXT Music. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- "Surprise! "Elara"...". Facebook. March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
- celldweller (March 27, 2012). "What's this?...". Facebook. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- FiXT Music (April 7, 2012). "Celldweller - Live Upon A Blackstar (DVD & Blu-Ray Combo)". FiXT Music. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- ""Wish Upon a Blackstar" is live worldwide today.". Twitter. June 12, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- "Celldweller - First Person Shooter (Single) (MP3 Album)". FiXT Music. July 13, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2012.
- "Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 2". FiXT Music. July 24, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- "Tough Guy by Celldweller - Dubstep.NET Exclusive". Dubstep.net. July 16, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
- "There's a *pretty...". Facebook. July 14, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
- "Song Premiere: Celldweller, "Miss Murder’s Personal Jesus (AFI & Depeche Mode Klash-Up)"". Alternative Press. September 14, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- "[Premiere] Stream AND DOWNLOAD Celldweller's "Cry Little Sister Vs. Hello Zepp" Klash-Up". Bloody.Disgusting. October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- "Celldweller 2012 International Tour Announcement". Youtube.com. October 22, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- "Celldweller Tour 2012". celldweller.com. October 26, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- "2012 Groupees Campaign". Celldweller. October 26, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- "Unreleased EP 2". Celldweller. November 15, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- "Space & Time (Deluxe Edition)". FiXT Music. November 19, 2012. Archived from the original on December 17, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- "Someone reminded me...". Celldweller. February 11, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- "Celldweller announces re-issue available". Celldweller. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
- "We've got a special...". Facebook. June 10, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- "Celldweller to release 'Younger'". Celldweller. March 28, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- "'Younger', written 4 years ago". Celldweller. March 26, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- "The Complete Cellout Vol. 01 Instrumentals". FiXT Music. June 25, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "Currently working on...". Facebook. June 6, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Dead Rising 3 has been announced...". Facebook. June 10, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- "Scoring a video game...". Facebook. August 17, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- "Many of you guys...". Facebook. June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- "Metalectro Special: Celldweller". Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "Celldweller Plans New Music, Book Series, And More". Bloody-Disgusting. February 27, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- "Some observant fans...". Facebook. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "Are you ready for...". Facebook. June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "Soundtrack for the Voices in My Head Vol. 03, Chapter 01". The Orchard. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- "Salvation Code".
- "On set for a Celldweller Music Video shoot right now...". Facebook. Celldweller. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "I am here shooting a Celldweller music video...". Facebook. Celldweller. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "In a space suit in the woods...". Facebook. Celldweller. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "Wrap of the music video...". Facebook. Celldweller. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Celldweller - Timeline Photos". Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Josh (December 6, 2013). "Unshakable music video unlocked a week early" (Facebook Post). Facebook. Celldweller. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
There are over 100 reviews for the Blackstar eBook and original score on Amazon and iTunes...
- Rishabh Bhavnani (December 6, 2013). "PREMIERE: CELLDWELLER'S "UNSHAKEABLE" MUSIC VIDEO". djz.com. DJZ. Archived from the original (News post) on December 10, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
...today we've got the premier of the official music video...
- "Snowcore (01-05-2014)". Retrieved January 6, 2014.
- "Sonix Producer Pack (Instagram Teaser #1)". Retrieved February 4, 2013.
- "Blackstar Act Two: Awakening (Original Score)". Archived from the original on May 13, 2014.
- "ask_celldweller EP.06: Do I Stutter?". YouTube.com. Celldweller. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "End of an Empire Chapter 1: Time".
- "Killer Instinct » Introducing Atlas Plug & Celldweller – Composers for Season 3". Killer Instinct.
- "Demo Vault - Klay Out West (2005)". YouTube.com. Celldweller. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
- "Celldweller - Demo Vault Vol. 01".
- "Celldweller - Demo Vault Vol. 02". Archived from the original on October 20, 2014.
- "Demo Vault - Wah Wah Wah".
- "ask_celldweller Ep. 01: Construction Zone". YouTube.com. Celldweller. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "Celldweller - Transmissions: Vol. 01".
- "Celldweller - Transmissions: Vol. 02".
- "Celldweller - Transmissions: Vol. 03".