Cello Concerto No. 9 (Boccherini)
Luigi Boccherini's Cello Concerto No. 9 in B flat Major, G.482 was written in either the late 1760s or early 1770s. Boccherini, a talented cellist, composed twelve concertos for his instrument. German cellist Friedrich Grützmacher chose this concerto to be arranged to fit the style of a Romantic virtuoso concerto, in 1895, and in this form, widely heard, it bears only a tenuous resemblance to the original manuscript.
The Boccherini Ninth Cello Concerto has long been an integral part of standard cello instruction, because of creeping use of the full 4+ octave range of the cello, rather than large jumps between different finger positions.
Grützmacher merged Boccherini's Ninth Cello Concerto with other Boccherini Cello Concertos. Besides the extensive cuts in the outer movements, Grützmacher decided to rid the Concerto of its original second movement, replacing it with that of the Seventh Cello Concerto (in G Major, G.480). The Fourth Cello Concerto (In C Major, G.477) makes an appearance in bars 40-46 of the first movement, and in bars 85-96 and 151-163 of the Rondo; borrowing from the respective movements. The arpeggios of the Fifth Cello Concerto's (in D Major, G478) first movement are featured in their minor form in bars 47-53 of the first movement. Grützmacher also took the liberty of writing his own cadenzas. Despite all the changes, this Concerto holds up as one of Boccherini's best known works. English cellist Jacqueline du Pré made a recording of this edition of the Concerto.
Nevertheless, Boccherini's original work is slowly beginning to resurface. Well-known cellists like Maurice Gendron, Yo-Yo Ma, and Raphael Wallfisch have all made recordings of this long overshadowed work. Nowadays, the two works are distinguished by their origin: Original vs. arr. Grützmacher.
- I. Allegro moderato
- II. Andante grazioso (Original)
- II. Adagio (non troppo) (Grützmacher)
- III. Rondo. (Allegro)
- Scott, Mary-Grace (August 1984). "Boccherini's B flat Cello Concerto: A reappraisal of the sources" (PDF). Early Music 12 (3): 355–357. doi:10.1093/earlyj/12.3.355. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Carlos Prieto; Elena C. Murray; Álvaro Mutis (2011). The Adventures of a Cello. Texas, USA: University of Texas Press. p. 227. ISBN 0292773390.
- Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 79 (46): 76. 18 November 1967. ISSN 0006-2510 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QigEAAAAMBAJ. Retrieved 21 February 2013. Missing or empty
- Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc): 30. 24 February 1962. ISSN 0006-2510 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=UBYEAAAAMBAJ. Retrieved 21 February 2013. Missing or empty
- "Simply Baroque II". Sony. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "BOCCHERINI: Cello Concertos, Nos. 9-12". Naxos Digital Services Ltd. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
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