|Full name||The Celtic Football Club|
|Nickname(s)||The Bhoys, The Celts, The Hoops|
|Founded||6 November 1887|
|2016–17||Scottish Premiership, 1st (champions)|
The Celtic Football Club (//) is a professional football club based in Glasgow, Scotland, which plays in the Scottish Premiership. The club was founded in 1887[nb 1] with the purpose of alleviating poverty in the immigrant Irish population in the East End of Glasgow. They played their first match in May 1888, a friendly match against Rangers which Celtic won 5–2. Celtic established itself within Scottish football, winning six successive league titles during the first decade of the 20th century. The club enjoyed their greatest successes during the 1960s and 70s under Jock Stein when they won nine consecutive league titles and the European Cup.
Celtic have won the Scottish league championship on 48 occasions, most recently in the 2016–17 season, the Scottish Cup 37 times and the Scottish League Cup 16 times. The club's greatest season was 1966–67, when Celtic became the first British team to win the European Cup, also winning the Scottish league championship, the Scottish Cup, the League Cup, and the Glasgow Cup. Celtic also reached the 1970 European Cup Final, and the 2003 UEFA Cup Final.
Celtic have a long-standing fierce rivalry with Rangers, and the clubs have become known as the Old Firm, seen by some as the world's biggest football derby. The two clubs have dominated Scottish football, winning 102 league titles between them since the inception of Scottish league football in 1890.
The club's fanbase was estimated in 2003 as being around nine million worldwide, and there are in excess of 160 Celtic supporters clubs in over 20 countries. An estimated 80,000 fans travelled to Seville for the 2003 UEFA Cup Final.
- 1 History
- 2 Crest and colours
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Supporters
- 5 Celtic media
- 6 Influence on other clubs
- 7 Celtic and charity
- 8 Ownership and finances
- 9 Players
- 10 Club officials
- 11 Halls of Fame
- 12 Honours
- 13 Records
- 14 Sponsors
- 15 Footnotes
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Celtic Football Club was formally constituted at a meeting in St. Mary's church hall in East Rose Street (now Forbes Street), Calton, Glasgow, by Irish Marist Brother Walfrid on 6 November 1887, with the purpose of alleviating poverty in the East End of Glasgow by raising money for the charity Walfrid had instituted, the Poor Children's Dinner Table. Walfrid's move to establish the club as a means of fund-raising was largely inspired by the example of Hibernian, which was formed out of the immigrant Irish population a few years earlier in Edinburgh. Walfrid's own suggestion of the name Celtic (pronounced Seltik) was intended to reflect the club's Irish and Scottish roots and was adopted at the same meeting. The club has the official nickname, The Bhoys. However, according to the Celtic press office, the newly established club was known to many as "the bold boys". A postcard from the early 20th century that pictured the team and read "The Bould Bhoys" is the first known example of the unique spelling. The extra h imitates the spelling system of Gaelic, wherein the letter b is often accompanied by the letter h.
On 28 May 1888, Celtic played their first official match against Rangers and won 5–2 in what was described as a "friendly encounter". Neil McCallum scored Celtic's first ever goal. Celtic's first kit consisted of a white shirt with a green collar, black shorts, and emerald green socks. The original club crest was a simple green cross on a red oval background. In 1889 Celtic reached the final of the Scottish Cup, this was their first season in the competition, but lost 2–1 in the final. Celtic again reached the final of the Scottish Cup in 1892, but this time were victorious after defeating Queen's Park 5–1 in the final, the club's first major honour. Several months later the club moved to its new ground, Celtic Park, and in the following season won the Scottish League Championship for the first ever time. In 1895, Celtic set the League record for the highest home score when they beat Dundee 11–0.
In 1897, the club became a Private limited company and Willie Maley was appointed as the first 'secretary-manager'. Between 1905 and 1910, Celtic won the Scottish League Championship six times in a row. In both 1907 and 1908 Celtic also won the Scottish Cup, this was the first time a Scottish club had ever won the Double. During World War I, Celtic won the league four times in a row, including 62 matches unbeaten between November 1915 and April 1917. The mid-1920s saw the emergence of Jimmy McGrory as one of the most prolific goalscorers in British football history. Over a sixteen-year playing career, he scored 550 goals in 547 games (including 16 goals for Clydebank during a season on loan in 1923–24), a British goal-scoring record to this day. In January 1940, Willie Maley's retirement was announced. He was 71 years old and had served the club in varying roles for nearly 52 years, initially as a player and then as secretary-manager. Jimmy McStay became manager of the club in February 1940. He spent over five years in this role, although due to the Second World War no official competitive league football took place during this time. The Scottish Football League and Scottish Cup were suspended and in their place regional league competitions were set up. Celtic did not do particularly well during the war years, but did win the Victory in Europe Cup held in May 1945 as a one-off football tournament to celebrate Victory in Europe Day.
Ex-player and captain Jimmy McGrory took over as manager in 1945. Under McGrory, Celtic defeated Arsenal, Manchester United and Hibernian to win the Coronation Cup, a one-off tournament held in May 1953 to commemorate the coronation of Elizabeth II. He also led them to a League and Cup double in 1954. On 19 October 1957, Celtic defeated Rangers a record 7–1 in the final of the Scottish League Cup at Hampden Park in Glasgow, retaining the trophy they had won for only the first time the previous year. The scoreline remains a record win in a British domestic cup final. The years that followed, however, saw Celtic struggle and the club won no more trophies under McGrory.
Former Celtic captain Jock Stein succeeded McGrory in 1965. Stein guided Celtic to nine straight Scottish League wins from 1966 to 1974, equalling the then world record, and a feat which was not matched again in Scotland until 1997 by Rangers. He won the Scottish Cup with Celtic in his first few months at the club, and then led them to the League title the following season.
1967 was Celtic's annus mirabilis. The club won every competition they entered: the Scottish League, the Scottish Cup, the Scottish League Cup, the Glasgow Cup, and the European Cup. Under the leadership of Stein, the club defeated Inter Milan 2–1 at the Estádio Nacional in Lisbon, on 25 May 1967. Celtic thus became the first British team, and the first from outside Spain, Portugal and Italy to win the competition. They remain the only Scottish team to have reached the final. The players that day subsequently became known as the "Lisbon Lions", all of whom were born within 30 miles of Glasgow. The following season Celtic lost to Racing Club of Argentina in the Intercontinental Cup.
Celtic reached the European Cup Final again in 1970, but were beaten 2–1 by Feyenoord at the San Siro in Milan. The club continued to dominate Scottish football in the early 1970s, and their Scottish Championship win in 1974 was their ninth consecutive league title, equalling the joint world record held at the time by MTK Budapest and CSKA Sofia. Celtic enjoyed further domestic success in the 1980s, and in their Centenary season of 1987–88 won a Scottish League Championship and Scottish Cup double.
The club endured a slump in the early 1990s, culminating in the Bank of Scotland informing Celtic on 3 March 1994 that it was calling in the receivers as a result of the club exceeding a £5 million overdraft. However, expatriate businessman Fergus McCann wrested control of the club, and ousted the family dynasties which had controlled Celtic since its foundation. According to media reports, McCann took over the club minutes before it was to be declared bankrupt. McCann reconstituted the club business as a public limited company – Celtic PLC – and oversaw the redevelopment of Celtic Park into a 60,832 all-seater stadium. In 1998, under Dutchman Wim Jansen Celtic won the title again and prevented Rangers from beating Celtic's 9-in-a-row record.
Martin O'Neill, a former European Cup winner with Nottingham Forest, took charge of the club in June 2000. Under his leadership, Celtic won three SPL championships out of five and in his first season in charge, the club also won the domestic treble, making O'Neill only the second Celtic manager to do so after Jock Stein. In 2003, around 80,000 Celtic fans travelled to watch the club compete in the UEFA Cup Final in Seville. Celtic lost 3–2 to Porto after extra time, despite two goals from Henrik Larsson during normal time. The conduct of the thousands of travelling Celtic supporters received widespread praise from the people of Seville and the fans were awarded Fair Play Awards from both FIFA and UEFA "for their extraordinarily loyal and sporting behaviour".
Gordon Strachan was announced as O'Neill's replacement in June 2005 and after winning the SPL title in his first year in charge, he became only the third Celtic manager to win three titles in a row. He also guided Celtic to their first UEFA Champions League knockout stage in 2006–07 and repeated the feat in 2007–08 before departing the club in May 2009, after failing to win the SPL title. Tony Mowbray took charge of the club in June 2009, and he was succeeded a year later by Neil Lennon. In November 2010, Celtic set an SPL record for the biggest win in SPL history defeating Aberdeen 9–0 at Celtic Park.
Celtic celebrated their 125th anniversary in November 2012, the same week as their Champions League match against Barcelona. Celtic won 2–1 on the night to complete a memorable week, and eventually qualified from the group stages for the round of 16. Celtic finished the season with the SPL and Scottish Cup double. The club clinched their third consecutive league title in March 2014, with goalkeeper Fraser Forster setting a new record during the campaign of 1,256 minutes without conceding a goal in a league match. At the end of the season, manager Neil Lennon announced his departure from the club after four years in the role.
Norwegian Ronny Deila was appointed manager of Celtic on 6 June 2014. He went on to lead Celtic to two consecutive league titles and a League Cup, but the team's performances in European competition were poor. After being eliminated from the Scottish Cup by Rangers in April 2016, Deila announced he would leave the club at the end of the season. On 20 May 2016, Brendan Rodgers was announced as Deila's successor. Despite a shock first defeat in his first game in charge, his first season saw the team go on a long unbeaten run in domestic competitions, during which time the club won their 100th major trophy, defeating Aberdeen 3–0 in the League Cup Final on 27 November 2016. Celtic also clinched their sixth successive league title on 2 April 2017, with a record eight league games to spare. As Celtic's unbeaten domestic run continued, they subjected Rangers to their heaviest defeat at Ibrox since 1915, 5–1, on 29 April. Celtic's 2–0 win over Hearts on 21 May saw them finish 30 points ahead of second-placed Aberdeen in the league, with a record 106 points, and the team become the first Scottish side to complete a top-flight season undefeated since Rangers in 1899. On 27 May 2017, Celtic clinched their fourth treble by defeating Aberdeen 2–1 in the Scottish Cup final. The cup final win saw Celtic go through the entire domestic season unbeaten.
Crest and colours
For most of Celtic's history their home strip has featured green and white horizontal hoops, but their original strip consisted of a white top with black shorts and black and green hooped socks. The top also featured the Marist Brothers' badge on the right hand side, consisting of a green Celtic cross inside a red circle. In 1889, the club changed to a green and white vertically striped top and for the next fourteen years this remained unchanged although the colour of the shorts alternated between white and black several times over this period. The top did not feature a crest.
In 1903, Celtic adopted their now famous green and white hooped tops. The new design was worn for the first time on 15 August 1903 in a match against Partick Thistle. Black socks continued to be worn until the early 1930s, at which point the team switched to green socks. Plain white socks came into use in the mid 1960s, and white has been the predominant colour worn since then. The club began using a badge in the 1930s, featuring a four leaf clover logo surrounded by the club's formal title, "The Celtic Football and Athletic Coy. Ltd". However, it was not until 1977 that Celtic finally adopted the club crest on their shirts. The outer segment was reversed out, with white lettering on a green background on the team shirts. The text around the clover logo on the shirts was also shortened from the official club crest to "The Celtic Football Club". For their centenary year in 1988, a commemorative crest was worn, featuring the Celtic cross that appeared on their first shirts. The 1977 version was reinstated for season 1989–90.
From 1945 onwards numbered shirts slowly came into use throughout Scotland, before becoming compulsory in 1960. By this time Celtic were the last club in Britain to adopt the use of numbers on the team strip to identify players. The traditionalist and idealistic Celtic chairman, Robert Kelly, baulked at the prospect of the famous green and white hoops being disfigured, and as such Celtic wore their numbers on the players shorts. This unusual tradition survived until 1994, although numbered shirts were worn in European competition from 1975 onwards. Celtic's tradition of wearing numbers on their shorts rather than on the back of their shirts was brought to an end when the Scottish Football League instructed Celtic to wear numbers on their shirts from the start of the 1994–95 season. Celtic responded by adding numbers to the top of their sleeves, however within a few weeks the football authorities ordered the club to attach them to the back of their shirts, where they appeared on a large white patch, breaking up the green and white hoops.
In 1984 Celtic took up shirt sponsorship for the first time, with Fife-based double glazing firm CR Smith having their logo emblazoned on the front of the team jersey. In season 1991–92, Celtic switched to Glasgow-based car sales company Peoples as sponsors. The club failed to secure a shirt sponsor for season 1992–93, and for the first time since the early 1980s Celtic took to the field in 'unblemished' hoops. Perversely, despite the loss of marketing revenue, sales of the new unsponsored replica top increased dramatically. Celtic regained shirt sponsorship for season 1993–94, with CR Smith returning as shirt sponsors in a four-year deal.
In 2005 the club severed their connection with Umbro, suppliers of their kits since the 1960s and entered into a contract with Nike. To mark the 40th anniversary of their European Cup win, a special crest was introduced for the 2007–08 season. The star that represents this triumph was retained when the usual crest was reinstated the following season. In 2012, a retro style kit was designed by Nike that included narrower hoops to mark the club's 125th anniversary. A special crest was introduced with a Celtic knot design embroidered round the traditional badge. A third-choice strip based on the first ever strip from 1888 was also adopted for the season.
In March 2015, Celtic agreed a new kit deal with Boston-based sportswear manufacturer New Balance to replace Nike from the start of the 2015–16 season. It is believed to be the biggest kit contract in the club's history, outdoing the decade-long deal with Nike who paid Celtic £5 million a year to make their shirts.
All of the kits for the 2017–18 season pay tribute to the Lisbon Lions, with the kits having a line on each side to represent the handles of the European Cup. The kits also include a commemorative crest, designed specifically for the season.
Celtic's stadium is Celtic Park, which is in the Parkhead area of Glasgow. Celtic Park, an all-seater stadium with a capacity of 60,411, is the largest football stadium in Scotland and the seventh-largest stadium in the United Kingdom, after Murrayfield, Old Trafford, Twickenham, Wembley, the London 2012 Olympic Stadium and the Millennium Stadium. It is commonly known as Parkhead or Paradise.
Celtic opened the original Celtic Park in the Parkhead area in 1888. The club moved to a different site in 1892, however, when the rental charge was greatly increased. The new site was developed into an oval shaped stadium, with vast terracing sections. The record attendance of 83,500 was set by an Old Firm derby on 1 January 1938. The terraces were covered and floodlights were installed between 1957 and 1971. The Taylor Report mandated that all major clubs should have an all-seated stadium by August 1994. Celtic was in a bad financial position in the early 1990s and no major work was carried out until Fergus McCann took control of the club in March 1994. He carried out a plan to demolish the old terraces and develop a new stadium in a phased rebuild, which was completed in August 1998. During this development, Celtic spent the 1994–95 season playing at the national stadium Hampden Park, costing the club £500,000 in rent. The total cost of the new stadium on its completion was £40 million.
Celtic Park has often been used as a venue for Scotland internationals and Cup Finals, particularly when Hampden Park has been unavailable. Before the First World War, Celtic Park hosted various other sporting events, including composite rules shinty-hurling, track and field and the 1897 Track Cycling World Championships. Open-air masses, and First World War recruitment drives have also been held there. Celtic Park has occasionally been used for concerts, including performances by The Who and U2.
In 2003 Celtic were estimated to have a fan base of nine million people, including one million in the USA and Canada. There are over 160 Celtic Supporters Clubs in over 20 countries around the world.
An estimated 80,000 Celtic supporters, many without match tickets, travelled to Seville in Spain for the UEFA Cup Final in May 2003. The club's fans subsequently received awards from UEFA and FIFA for their behaviour at the match.
In October 2013, French football magazine So Foot published a list of whom they considered the 'best' football supporters in the world. Celtic fans were placed third, the only British supporters on the list, with the magazine highlighting their rendition of You'll Never Walk Alone before the start of European ties at Celtic Park.
The Old Firm and sectarianism
Celtic's traditional rivals are Rangers; collectively, the two clubs are known as the Old Firm. The two have dominated Scottish football's history; between them, they have won the Scottish league championship 101 times since its inception in 1890 – all other clubs combined have won 19 championships. The two clubs are also by far the most supported in Scotland, with Celtic having the sixth highest home attendance in the UK during season 2014–15. Celtic have a historic association with the people of Ireland and Scots of Irish descent, both of whom are mainly Roman Catholic. Traditionally fans of rivals Rangers came from Scottish or Northern Irish Protestant backgrounds and support British Unionism.
The clubs have attracted the support of opposing factions in the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Some supporters use songs, chants and banners at matches to abuse or show support for the Protestant or Catholic religions and proclaim support for Northern Irish paramilitary groups such as the IRA and UVF.
There have been over 400 Old Firm matches played in major competitions (League, Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup) as of 31 December 2016. The games have been described as having an "atmosphere of hatred, religious tension and intimidation which continues to lead to violence in communities across Scotland." The rivalry has fuelled many assaults and even deaths on Old Firm Derby days. Admissions to hospital emergency rooms have been reported to increase ninefold over normal levels and in the period from 1996 to 2003, eight deaths in Glasgow were directly linked to Old Firm matches, and hundreds of assaults.
Both sets of fans fought on the pitch after Celtic's victory in the 1980 Scottish Cup Final at Hampden Park. There was serious fan disorder during an Old Firm match played in May 1999 at Celtic Park; missiles were thrown by Celtic fans, including one which struck referee Hugh Dallas, who needed medical treatment and a small number of fans invaded the pitch.
Celtic have taken measures to reduce sectarianism. In 1996, the club launched its Bhoys Against Bigotry campaign, later followed by Youth Against Bigotry to "educate the young on having ... respect for all aspects of the community – all races, all colours, all creeds". In March 2008, UEFA investigated Celtic fans for alleged sectarian singing at a match against Barcelona. The case was dropped before the end of the month due to a lack of evidence.
Some groups of Celtic fans express their support for Irish republicanism and the Irish Republican Army by singing or chanting about them at matches. IRA chanting has been described as being offensive, but opinion is divided on whether they are sectarian. UEFA head of communications William Gaillard, when talking about the matter in 2006, said that IRA chanting was a nationalist issue and was similar to fans of other clubs, such as Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao, who support nationalist movements in their own countries. He also stated that only in Balkan countries, where some fans show support for organisations that had engaged in ethnic cleansing, was the situation different because these organisations were by their nature discriminatory. He said that this did not apply to the IRA.
In 2008 and 2010, there were protests by groups of fans over the team wearing the poppy symbol for Remembrance Day. Celtic expressed disapproval of these protests, saying they were damaging to the image of the club and its fans, and pledged to ban those involved.
In November 2011 UEFA launched an investigation into Celtic about alleged "illicit chanting" involving pro-IRA songs during their Europa League tie against Rennes on 3 November 2011. The hearing took place on 9 December 2011, and the club was fined £12,700 for the offence. Also in November 2011, the Scottish Premier League announced an investigation into Celtic over "pro-IRA" chanting by fans during a match against Hibernian the previous month. The investigation concluded on 5 December 2011, with the SPL stating that "It is not disputed that a small number of Celtic fans engaged in singing and chanting in support of the IRA". However, Celtic were deemed to have taken all "reasonably practicable steps" to try and prevent the behaviour so no action was taken against them. The SPL also stated that repeated condemnation of the chants by manager Neil Lennon as well as chief executive Peter Lawwell had been taken into consideration.
In 1965, Celtic began publishing The Celtic View, the oldest club magazine in football. It was the brainchild of future Chairman Jack McGinn who at the time was working in the circulation department of Beaverbrook Newspapers. McGinn himself edited the paper for the first few years, with circulation initially reaching around 26,000 copies. Today it is a 72-page glossy magazine with over 6,000 weekly readers, and the top selling club magazine in the United Kingdom.
In 2004, Celtic launched their own digital TV channel called Celtic TV, which was available in the UK through Setanta Sports on satellite and cable platforms. Due to the collapse of Setanta in the UK in June 2009, Celtic TV stopped broadcasting, although the club hoped to find a new broadcast partner.
Since 2002, Celtic's Internet TV channel Channel67 (previously known as Celtic Replay) broadcast Celtic's own content worldwide and offered live match coverage to subscribers outside the UK. It also provided three online channels.
Influence on other clubs
Due to Celtic's large following, several clubs outside Scotland have decided to emulate or have been inspired by Celtic. As the club has a large following, especially in Northern Ireland, several clubs have been founded by local Celtic fans.
One such club was Belfast Celtic, formed in 1891 simply as Celtic. Upon incorporation as a limited company in 1901, however, the club adopted the name "Belfast Celtic", the title "Celtic Football Club Ltd" already being registered by the Glasgow club. Their home from the same year was Celtic Park on Donegall Road in west Belfast, known to the fans as Paradise. It was one of the most successful teams in Ireland until it withdrew from the Irish League in 1949.
Donegal Celtic, currently playing in the NIFL Premier Intermediate League, was established in 1970, with the Celtic part being taken on due to the massive local following for Scotland's Celtic and formerly Belfast Celtic. They are nicknamed The Wee Hoops and play at Donegal Celtic Park on Suffolk Road in Belfast.
A club by the name of Lurgan Celtic was originally formed in 1903, with the obvious slant of aiming towards the Roman Catholic community of the town, adopting the name and colours of the Glaswegian Celtic. The County Armagh club currently plays in the NIFL Championship.
South African club Bloemfontein Celtic F.C., one of the most popular club in the country with a large fan base in the Free State, is also named after Celtic F.C. Founded in 1969 as Mangaung United, in 1984, the then owner Molemela took over the club and changed the name to Bloemfontein Celtic. Based in Bloemfontein, they play in the Premier Soccer League.
Other clubs to have been named after and adopted Celtic's kit are: the now defunct Scottish club Blantyre Celtic F.C.; Irish club Listowel Celtic F.C.; and English lower-league clubs Cleator Moor Celtic F.C., which was founded in 1908–09 by Irish immigrants employed in the local iron ore mines, Celtic Nation F.C. (now defunct) and West Allotment Celtic F.C.. Tuam Celtic A.F.C. and Castlebar Celtic F.C., both play at grounds called Celtic Park; in Tuam, and in its Castlebar counterpart, both in the Republic of Ireland.
Celtic and charity
Celtic was initially founded to raise money for the poor in the East End of Glasgow and the club still retain strong charitable traditions today.
On 9 August 2011 Celtic held a testimonial match in honour of former player John Kennedy. Due to the humanitarian crisis in East Africa, the entire proceeds were donated to Oxfam. An estimated £300,000 was raised.
In 1995 the Celtic Charity Fund was formed with the aim of "revitalising Celtic's charitable traditions" and by September 2013 had raised over £5 million. The Charity Fund has since then merged with the Celtic Foundation, forming the Celtic FC Foundation, and continues to raise money for local, national and international causes.
Yorkhill Hospital is another charity with whom Celtic are affiliated and in December 2011 the club donated £3000 to it. Chief Executive Peter Lawwell said that; "Celtic has always been much more than a football club and it is important that, at all times we play an important role in the wider community. The club is delighted to have enjoyed such a long and positive connection with Yorkhill Hospital."
Ownership and finances
Celtic were formed in 1887, and in 1897 the club became a Private Limited Company with a nominal share capital of 5000 shares at £1 each. The following year a further share issue of 5000 £1 shares was created to raise more capital for the club. The largest number of shares held at this time were by businessmen from the East End of Glasgow, notably James Grant, an Irish publican and engineer, James Kelly, one of the club's original players now turned publican, and John Glass, a builder and major driving force in the early years of the club. His shares, upon his death in 1906, then passed on to Thomas White. The Grant, Kelly and White shareholdings created the family "dynasties" that would dominate ownership of the club throughout the 20th century.
The late 1940s saw Robert Kelly, son of James Kelly, become chairman of the club after having been a director on the board since 1931. Desmond White also joined the board around this time, upon the death of his father Thomas White. By the 1950s, a significant number of shares in the club had passed to Neil and Felicia Grant, who lived in Toomebridge, County Antrim. These shares accounted for over one-sixth of the club's total issue. Club chairman Robert Kelly's own family share-holding was of a similar size, and he used his close personal relationship with the Toomebridge Grants to ensure his power base at Celtic was unchallengeable. When Neil Grant died in the early 1960s, his shareholding passed to his sister Felicia, leaving her as the largest share-holder in Celtic. This gave rise to the myth amongst Celtic supporters of the "old lady in Ireland" who supposedly had the ultimate say in the running of the club.
Celtic's board of directors had a reputation of being very niggardly and authoritarian, as well as not showing loyalty to their players or managers. In particular they were known for continually selling their top players and not paying their staff enough, they also lacked ambition and many managers had run-ins with them due to this. Jimmy McGrory's tenure as manager is largely considered a period of underachievement, but with Chairman Robert Kelly's domineering influence in the running of the club, many questioned how much say McGrory ever had in team selection. Jock Stein's time as manager ended on a sour note when he was offered a place on the Celtic board, but in a role involving the revival of ticket sales. Stein felt that this was demeaning, stating he was "a football man, not a ticket salesman". He declined this offer and decided to stay in football management, joining Leeds United. Billy McNeill won a trophy in each of his five seasons as manager, but was still paid less than the managers of Rangers, Aberdeen and Dundee United. He left the club in June 1983 after his request for a contract and pay rise was publicly rebuffed by the board. McNeill moved on to manage Manchester City, stating that to remain at Celtic would have been humiliating. McNeill's successor, Davie Hay, had his difficulties with the Celtic board too. When trying to sign players in 1987 to strengthen his squad to cope with high spending Rangers, the board refused to pay for them; Chairman Jack McGinn was publicly quoted as saying that if Hay wanted these players, "he will have to pay for them himself".
By the end of the 1980s the Celtic board consisted of Chairman Jack McGinn and directors Kevin Kelly, Chris White, Tom Grant and Jimmy Farrell. Neither McGinn nor Farrell were members of the traditional family dynasties at Celtic: Farrell was a partner in the Shaughnessy law firm that had long standing connections with Celtic, and was invited to become a director at the club in 1964; McGinn was responsible for the setting up of the club newspaper The Celtic View in the 1960s and later became the club's commercial manager. He was given a seat on the board and became Chairman in 1986. In May 1990 former Lord Provost of Glasgow, Michael Kelly, and property developer Brian Dempsey were invited to join the Celtic board. Dempsey did not last long however, a dispute about a proposed relocation from Parkhead to Robroyston resulted in him being voted off the board five months later.
McCann takeover and transition to plc
Throughout the 1960s and 70s Celtic had been one of the strongest clubs in Europe. However, the directors failed to accompany the wave of economic development facing football in the 1980s, although the club continued to remain successful on the field, albeit limited to the domestic scene in Scotland. In 1989, the club's annual budget was £6.4 million, about a third as much as Barcelona, with a debt of around 40% and on-field success deteriorating. In the early 1990s the situation began to worsen as playing success declined dramatically and the club slipped further into debt.
In 1993 fans began organising pressure groups to protest against the board, one of the most prominent being "Celts for Change". They strongly supported a takeover bid fronted by Canadian-based businessman Fergus McCann and former director Brian Dempsey. Football writer Jim Traynor likened McCann's attempt to buy the club from the board as being like "good against evil". Despite the club management's obvious failure to move with the times, declining attendances and increasing unrest amongst supporters, the Kelly, White and Grant family groupings continued to jealously guard their control of Celtic.
On 4 March 1994, McCann bought Celtic for £9 million, finally wresting control from the family dynasties that had run the club for almost 100 years. When he bought the club it was reported to be within 24 hours of entering receivership due to exceeding a £5 million overdraft with the Bank of Scotland. He turned Celtic into a public limited company through a share issue which raised over £14 million, the most successful share issue in British football history. He also oversaw the building of a new stadium, the 60,000 seater Celtic Park, which cost £40 million and at the time was Britain's largest capacity football club stadium. This allowed Celtic to progress as a club because over £20 million was being raised each year from season ticket sales.
McCann had maintained from the outset that he would only be at Celtic for five years and in September 1999 he officially announced that his 50.3% stake in Celtic was for sale. McCann had always wanted the ownership of Celtic to be spread as widely as possible and gave first preference to existing shareholders and season-ticket holders. This was to stop a new consortium taking over the club. 14.4 million shares were sold by McCann at a value of 280 pence each. McCann made £40 million out of this, meaning he left Celtic with a £31 million profit. During his tenure, turnover at Celtic rose by 385% to £33.8m and operating profits rose from £282,000 to £6.7m. McCann was often criticised during his time at Celtic and many people disagreed with him over building a stadium which they thought Celtic couldn't fill, not investing enough in the squad and being overly focused on finance. However, McCann was responsible for the financial recovery of the club and for providing a very good platform for it to build on. After he left Celtic, the club were able to invest in players and achieved much success such as winning The Treble in 2000–01 and reaching the 2003 UEFA Cup Final.
In 2005, Celtic issued a share offer designed to raise £15 million for the club, 50 million new shares were made available priced at 30p each. It was also revealed that majority sharholder Desmond would buy around £10 million worth of the shares. £10 million of the money raised was for building a new state-of-the-art training facility and youth academy, expanding the club's global scouting network and investing in coaching and player development programmes. The rest of the money was to be used to reduce debt. Building a youth academy was important for Celtic to surpass both Hearts and Rangers who had superior youth facilities at the time. The share issue was a success and Celtic had more applicants than shares available, Celtic's new Lennoxtown training centre was opened in October 2007.
Celtic have been ranked in the Deloitte Football Money League six times. This lists the top 20 football clubs in the world according to revenue. They were ranked between 2002 (2000–01 season), 2006 (2004–05 season) and 2008 (2006–07 season).
Celtic's financial results for 2011 showed that the club's debt had been reduced from £5.5 million to £500,000 and that a pre-tax profit of £100,000 had been achieved, compared with a loss of over £2 million the previous year. Turnover also decreased by 15% from £63 million to £52 million.
In May 2012, Celtic were rated 37th in Brand Finance's annual valuation of the world's biggest football clubs. Celtic's brand was valued at $64 million (£40.7 million), $15 million more than the previous year. It was the first time a Scottish club had been ranked in the top 50. Matt Hannagan, Sports Brand Valuation Analyst at Brand Finance, said that Celtic were constrained by the amount of money they got from the SPL and that if they were in the Premiership then, due to their large fan base, they could be in the top 10 clubs in the world. Later that month David Low, the financial consultant who advised Fergus McCann on his takeover of Celtic in 1994, said that Celtic's 'enterprise value' (how much it would cost to buy the club) was £52 million.
- As of 21 August 2017
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Development and Youth squads
For Celtic's development and youth squads, see Celtic Development and Youth squads.
For further information, see List of Celtic F.C. players for players with over 100 appearances or other stated notability, List of Celtic F.C. international footballers and Category:Celtic FC players for a general list of ex-players.
For further information, see Celtic club captains
Greatest ever team
|Greatest ever Celtic team|
The following team was voted the greatest ever Celtic team by supporters in 2002:
- Ronnie Simpson
- Danny McGrain
- Tommy Gemmell
- Bobby Murdoch
- Paul McStay MBE
- Billy McNeill MBE – Voted Celtic's greatest ever captain
- Bertie Auld
- Jimmy Johnstone – Voted Celtic's greatest ever player
- Bobby Lennox MBE
- Kenny Dalglish MBE
- Henrik Larsson MBE – Voted Celtic's greatest ever foreign player
Board of directors
Halls of Fame
Scotland Football Hall of Fame
Scotland Roll of Honour
Numbers in brackets indicate the number of caps the above players won whilst at Celtic.
Scottish Sports Hall of Fame
In the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame, five Celtic players have been selected, they are:
- Kenny Dalglish MBE
- Jimmy Johnstone
- Jimmy McGrory
- Billy McNeill MBE
- Jock Stein CBE
- 1892–93, 1893–94, 1895–96, 1897–98, 1904–05, 1905–06, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1908–09, 1909–10, 1913–14, 1914–15, 1915–16, 1916–17, 1918–19, 1921–22, 1925–26, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1953–54, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17
- Scottish Cup: 37
- 1891–92, 1898–99, 1899–1900, 1903–04, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1913–14, 1922–23, 1924–25, 1926–27, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1936–37, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1994–95, 2000–01, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2016–17
- European Cup:
- UEFA Cup
- Intercontinental Cup
1 Awarded to the fans of Celtic.
Doubles and trebles
- Scottish Cup, League Cup and League Title: 4
- Scottish Cup and League Title: 12
- League Cup and League Title: 6
- Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup: 1
- The Scottish Cup final win against Aberdeen in 1937 was attended by a crowd of 147,365 at Hampden Park in Glasgow, which remains a world record gate for a national cup final, and also the highest attendance for a club football match in Europe.
- Highest attendance for a European club competition match: Celtic v Leeds United in the European Cup semi-final, 15 April 1970 at Hampden Park, Glasgow. Official attendance 136,505
- Record home attendance: 83,500 against Rangers on 1 January 1938.[nb 2] A 3–0 victory for Celtic
- UK record for an unbeaten run in professional football: 62 games (49 won, 13 drawn), from 13 November 1915 until 21 April 1917 – a total of 17 months and four days in all (they lost at home to Kilmarnock on the penultimate day of the season)
- SPL record for an unbeaten run of home matches (77), from 2001 to 2004
- 14 consecutive League Cup final appearances, from season 1964/65 to 1977/78 inclusive, a world record for successive appearances in the final of a major football competition
- World record for total number of goals scored in a season (competitive games only): 196 (season 1966–67)
- Most goals scored in one Scottish top-flight league match by one player: 8 goals by Jimmy McGrory against Dunfermline in 9–0 win on 14 January 1928
- Highest score in a domestic British cup final: Celtic 7–1 Rangers, Scottish League Cup Final 1957
- Fastest hat-trick in European Club Football – Mark Burchill vs Jeunesse Esch in 2000; 3 minutes (between 12th minute and 15th minute), a record at the time
- Earliest SPL Championship won. Twice won with 6 games remaining, against Kilmarnock on 18 April 2004 and Hearts on 5 April 2006
- Biggest margin of victory in the SPL. 9–0 against Aberdeen, 6 November 2010
- Celtic and Hibernian hold the record for the biggest transfer fee between two Scottish clubs. Celtic bought Scott Brown from Hibernian on 16 May 2007 for £4.4m
- Most expensive export from Scottish football, Victor Wanyama to Southampton, July 2013
- First weekly football club publication in the UK, The Celtic View
- First European club to field a player from the Indian sub-continent, Mohammed Salim
- Gil Heron, who signed for Celtic in 1951, was the first black person to play professionally in Scotland; his son Gil Scott-Heron rose to prominence in the 1970s as a hugely influential jazz and soul musician.
- Record appearances (all competitions): Billy McNeill, 822 from 1957–1975
- Record appearances (League): Alec McNair, 583 from 1904–1925
- Most capped player for Scotland: 102 (47 whilst at Celtic), Kenny Dalglish
- Most international caps for Scotland while a Celtic player: 76, Paul McStay
- Most caps won whilst at Celtic: 80, Pat Bonner.
- Record scorer: Jimmy McGrory, 522 (1922/23 – 1937/38)
- Record scorer in league: Jimmy McGrory, 396
- Most goals in a season (all competitions): Jimmy McGrory, 62 (1927/28) (47 in League, 15 in Cup competitions)
- Most goals in a season (league only): Jimmy McGrory, 50 (1935/36)
As of July 2017, Celtic are sponsored by:
- Although the club was "formally constituted" in 1887, no matches were played until 1888. The latter date is listed by the club as their foundation date; for example, on the club badge.
- Newspaper reports at the time indicate that the officially returned attendance was given as 83,500, with an estimated further 10,000 supporters locked out of the ground for safety reasons. However, the ground's capacity was gauged at the time as being around 88,000 and several subsequent sources (including the club's official website) have since revised the attendance up to 92,000.
- Grove, Daryl (22 December 2014). "10 Soccer Things You Might Be Saying Incorrectly". PasteSoccer. Paste. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Coogan, Tim Pat (2002). Wherever Green Is Worn: The Story of the Irish Diaspora. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 250. ISBN 978-1-4039-6014-6.
- Wagg, Stephen (2002). British football and social exclusion. Routledge. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-7146-5217-7.
- Wilson 1988, pp. 1–2
- Campbell & Woods 1987, p. 23
- Wilson 1988, p. 3
- Thomas, Gareth. "The Crest Dissected – Celtic FC". The Football History Boys. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "Brief History". Celtic FC. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "The men who kicked it all off for the Celts". Celtic FC. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Celtic – Kit History". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Wilson 1988, p. 19
- Cuddihy, Paul; Friel, David (July 2010). The Century Bhoys: The Official History of Celtic's Greatest Goalscorers. Black and White Publishing. ISBN 978-1845022976. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- "Scottish Premier League : Records". Statto. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- Wilson 1988, p. 29
- Campbell & Woods 1987, pp. 53–54
- Campbell & Woods 1987, pp. 78–79
- Campbell & Woods 1987, p. 73
- Brown, Alan. "Celtic FC's series of 62 matches unbeaten in Division One". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- "Jimmy McGrory (1904–1982)". World Football Legends. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "McGrory stands tall among game's giants". FIFA. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Campbell & Woods 1987, pp. 164–165
- "Willie Maley". The Celtic Graves Society. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Wilson 1988, p. 79
- "Southern Football League 1940–1946". Scottish Football Historical Archive. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Football quiz: Celtic in Europe". The Guardian. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- Wilson 1988, p. 82
- Wilson 1988, pp. 104–105
- Wilson 1988, p. 105
- "Football Dictionary". Football Dictionary. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Wilson 1988, pp. 111–113
- Campbell & Woods 1987, p. 207
- Jacobs, Raymond (1 February 1965). "Mr Stein to become Celtic manager – New post for McGrory". The Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Crampsey 1990, p. 177
- "Rangers wins 9th successive Scottish title". Daily News. 9 May 1997. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- MacPherson, Archie (2007). Jock Stein: The Definitive Biography. Highdown. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-905156-37-5.
- MacPherson, Archie (2007). Jock Stein: The Definitive Biography. Highdown. p. 152. ISBN 978-1-905156-37-5.
- Wilson 1988, p. 134
- "Celtic fight in final". The Times. 31 October 1966. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "A Sporting Nation – Celtic win European Cup 1967". BBC Scotland. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "Celtic immersed in history before UEFA Cup final". Sports Illustrated. 20 May 2003. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
- Lennox, Doug (2009). Now You Know Soccer. Dundurn Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-55488-416-2.
- "Referee and both sides blamed for "war"". The Glasgow Herald. 6 November 1967. p. 6. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Season 1969–70". European Cup History. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Reynolds, Jim. "Dalglish goal gives Celtic world record". The Glasgow Herald (29 April 1974). p. 4. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- Wilson 1988, p. 189
- "New Celtic team takes over. Three directors ousted as £17.8m rescue package pledged. The new team takes over with a promise". Herald Scotland. 5 March 1994. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- Forsyth, Roddy (30 October 2009). "Celtic chairman John Reid pledges to keep the club's finances under control". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- "Celtic get by with a little help from their Scandinavians". BBC Sport. 9 May 1998.
- "O'Neill confirmed as Celtic manager". The Guardian. 1 June 2000.
- "O'Neill sees a brilliant new era for Celtic under Strachan". The Guardian. 26 May 2005.
- "Celtic lift cup to complete Treble". BBC Sport. 26 May 2001.
- "O'Neill vows to stay and savour Celtic in Europe". The Telegraph. 19 March 2001.
- "Celtic in Seville". Observer Sport Monthly. May 2003.
- "Celtic 2–3 FC Porto". ESPN Soccernet. 21 May 2003. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011.
- "Porto end Celtic's Uefa dream". BBC Sport. 21 May 2003.
- "Celebrating Celtic pride in the heart of Andalusia". FIFA.com. 15 December 2003.
- "Celtic fans 'Europe's best'". BBC Sport. 28 August 2003.
- "Celtic 1 Heart Of Midlothian 0: Strachan's joy as Celtic are crowned champions". The Independent. 6 April 2006.
- "Celtic 1–0 Man Utd". BBC Sport. 21 November 2006.
- "Milan 1 Celtic 0: Inzaghi delight as Celtic defeat turns into celebration". Belfast Telegraph. 5 December 2007.
- "Gordon Strachan stands down at Celtic". The Telegraph. 25 May 2009.
- "Tony Mowbray confirmed as new manager of Celtic". The Guardian. 16 June 2009.
- "Lennon the way forward for Celtic". UEFA.com. 9 June 2010.
- "Celtic hit nine past Aberdeen in record SPL victory". The Guardian. 6 November 2010.
- Wood, Dave (7 November 2012). "Lionel Messi, Xavi Hernandez and Andres Iniesta join in Celtic's 125th birthday celebrations". Mail Online. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
- Lamont, Alasdair (7 November 2012). "Celtic 2–1 Barcelona". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
- Lamont, Alasdair (5 December 2012). "Celtic 2–1 Spartak Moscow". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
- Lamont, Alasdair (26 May 2013). "Scottish Cup final: Hibernian 0–3 Celtic". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
- Campbell, Alan (26 March 2014). "Celtic crush Partick Thistle to make it three SPL titles in a row". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Aberdeen 2–1 Celtic". BBC Sport. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- McLaughlin, Chris (22 May 2014). "Neil Lennon ends his four-year spell as manager". BBC Sport. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Celtic confirm Ronny Deila as new manager". BBC Sport. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Ronny Deila appointed as new Celtic manager". Celtic FC. 6 June 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-07-07. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Ronny Deila admits "disappointments" in announcing Celtic resignation". The National. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- Murray, Ewan (20 May 2016). "Celtic appoint Brendan Rodgers as manager to take over from Ronny Deila". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- Kane, Desmond (21 May 2016). "Brendan Rodgers finds his Paradise: Why Glasgow Celtic remain one of world's great clubs". Eurosport. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "League Cup final: Aberdeen 0–3 Celtic as it happened". BBC Sport. 27 November 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
- "Celtic's title triumph by numbers". BBC Sport. 2 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- Forsyth, Roddy; Stafford, James (29 April 2017). "Rangers 1 Celtic 5: Home side humbled in record defeat". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- "Alltime records". FitbaStats. Archived from the original on 16 July 2015.
- Campbell, Andy (21 May 2017). "Celtic 2 – 0 Hearts". BBC Sport. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
- "Celtic's unbeaten season: Records tumble for Scotland's 'invincibles'". BBC Sport. 21 May 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- English, Tom (27 May 2016). "Celtic 2 – 1 Aberdeen". BBC Sport. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Wilson 1988, p. 5
- "1009 years in the hoops – 1903–2013". Not the View – Issue 208. 13 May 2012. pp. 14–15. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Celtic badge". The Celtic Wiki. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Celtic". Tribal Colours. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Halliday, Stephen (9 January 2013). "Magners shirt cash for Celtic ends Old Firm double deals". The Scotsman. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Halliday, Stephen (9 January 2013). "Magners shirt cash for Celtic ends Old Firm double deals". The Scotsman. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Celtic cross". When Saturday Comes. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "92–93 part 1". NTV Celtic Fanzine. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Reynolds, Jim (16 June 1993). "McGinlay move: Hibs tell Celtic they must wait in the wings". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Friel, David (4 March 2015). "Hoops’ record kit deal". The Sun. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Celtic confirm kit deal with New Balance". The Scotsman. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "Introducing the New Celtic FC Lisbon Commemorative Kit Crest". Celtic FC. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- "Celtic Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- Swan, Craig (11 November 2011). "Former Celtic star urges Old Firm to sell stadium names to save clubs". Daily Record. Archived from the original on 14 November 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- "Celtic". Scottish Football Ground Guide. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "Celtic spirit shines on". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- "The Birth of Celtic". Hibernian FC. 11 August 2009. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- Inglis 1996, p. 432
- Inglis 1996, p. 435
- Inglis 1996, p. 433
- Inglis 1996, p. 434
- "Scotland Home Record by Venue". London Hearts Supporters' Club. 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "The first combined shinty/hurling match 1897". BBC – A Sporting Nation. November 2005. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- "Bravery of fallen heroes". Celtic FC. 11 November 2011. Archived from the original on 2016-10-12. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- Fulton, Rick (12 September 1997). "Caught Live". Daily Record. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Celtic to launch credit card for US fans". The Scotsman. 20 July 2003. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- The North American Federation of Celtic Supporters Clubs lists some 125 clubs and the Association of Irish Celtic Supporters Clubs 40 more
- "Finalists relishing Hampden visit". BBC Sport. 4 May 2007.
- "SPL 2010/2011 Stats – average home attendance". Football-Lineups. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
- "Top thirty football clubs in Europe ranked by attendances". Football Economy. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
- "Top 10 : les meilleurs publics du monde". So Foot. 21 October 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Rivalries: Celtic vs Rangers. Old Firm's enduring appeal". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Ross, James. "Scotland – List of Champions – Summary". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Premier League 2014/2015 » Attendance » Home matches". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Premiership 2014/2015 » Attendance » Home matches". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- Wilson, Richard (2012). Inside the Divide. Canongate Books. p. 87."What is being asserted is two identities: Rangers and Celtic. There are other boundaries: Protestant and Catholic / Unionist and Republican / Conservative and Socialist...."
- "History of Sectarianism". Nil by Mouth. 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- "Celtic head-to-head v Rangers". Soccerbase. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- Millen, Dianne (April 2004). "Firm Favourites: Old Firm". When Saturday Comes. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- Foer, Franklin (2010). How Soccer Explains the World: An Unlikely Theory of Globalization (Reprint ed.). Harper Perennial. pp. 36–37. ISBN 978-0061978050.
- McCarra, Kevin (18 May 2009). "Firm enemies – Rangers and Celtic, 1909–2009". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "Rangers make history out of chaos". BBC News. 3 May 1999. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- "Bigotry puzzle for Old Firm". BBC News. 11 October 2001.
- Grahame, Ewing (29 March 2008). "Uefa inquiry into Celtic 'sectarian' chants". The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- "Uefa drops Celtic chanting case". BBC Sport. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- "Celtic seek end to 'IRA chants'". BBC News. 17 September 2002. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Celtic fans boo the Queen Mum; Title win marred by jeers during silence". Sunday Mirror. 7 April 2002. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Celtic fans boo the Queen Mum; Title win marred by jeers during silence" Sunday Mirror. 7 April 2002. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Celtic minority's fears of a witch-hunt are misplaced and misleading" The Guardian. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Sheriff right to dismiss case against man singing IRA songs, says expert" The Scotsman. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Joan McAlpine: Sing out for a country free of prejudice and hate" The Scotsman. 22 November 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Scottish press stays silent as Rangers fans sing sectarian songs" The Guardian. 1 March 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Scottish sectarianism? Let's lay this myth to rest" The Guardian. 24 April 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Celtic unlikely to be hit hard by UEFA". The Scotsman. 4 December 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Poppy demo fans face a Celtic ban". Evening Times. 9 November 2010. Archived from the original on 1 August 2012.
- "Celtic plan ban for anti-poppy protesters". BBC Sport. 8 November 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
- "Quinn warns on offensive chants". BBC Sport. 1 August 2006.
- "Celtic face Uefa sanctions over 'illicit chanting' in Europa League tie". The Guardian. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Uefa delay hearing into alleged chanting at Celtic game". BBC Sport. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- "Uefa fines Celtic £12,700 for 'illicit chanting'". BBC Sport. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Celtic face SPL investigation into fresh chanting claims". BBC Sport. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Celtic cleared by SPL after chant investigation". BBC Sport. 5 December 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Publications – Celtic View". Celtic FC. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- Campbell, Tom; Potter, David (7 October 1999). Jock Stein: The Celtic Years. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1 84018 2415. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- Quinn, John (October 1994). Jungle Tales: Celtic Memories of an Epic Stand (1st ed.). Mainstream Sport. ISBN 978-1851586738. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- "Celtic TV shut down confirmed". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi UK. 24 June 2009.
- "Channel 67 has become Celtic TV". Channel 67. Celtic FC. Archived from the original on 7 August 2009.
- "Shop :: Celtic TV". celticfc.net. Celtic FC.
- "Belfast Celtic F.C. – Souvenir History 1891–1939 – published 1939 – (unknown author) (unknown publisher)". Belfast Celtic – The Grand Old Team. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- "Belfast Celtic". Groundtastic. Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
- "The History of the Grand Old Team". Belfast Celtic – The Grand Old Team. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "NIFL Premier Intermediate". Northern Ireland Football League. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Donegal Celtic FC". Napit.co.uk Sports Information & News. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Bairner, Alan, ed. (2005). Sport and the Irish. University College Dublin Press. ISBN 978-1-910820-93-3. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Annual Anti-Racism World Cup about to get underway". The Irish News. 4 August 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Lurgan Celtic". Lower League Manager. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "NIFL Championship". Northern Ireland Football League. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Celtic Sold To New Owner?". Soccer Laduma. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "History". Cleator Moor Celtic FC. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Purden, Richard (27 March 2014). "Celtic Nation: A team on the rise". The Irish Post. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Coney, Steven (28 April 2015). "Cash-strapped Celtic Nation to fold as dream turns sour". The Non-League Paper. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Depleted Celtic grind out impressive Birtley win". West Allotment Celtic. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Football: Yeovil are Hoop-ing for glory. – Free Online Library". Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- "First Minister: Celtic are leading by example". Celtic FC. 4 August 2011. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Oxfam appeal match at Celtic park raises £300,000". BBC News. 10 August 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- "Celtic Charity Fund". Celtic FC. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- "X-Factor star Gamu helps launch Celtic Charity Fashion Show". Celtic FC. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "About us". Celtic FC Foundation. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Celtic FC Foundation". My Donate. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Celtic Christmas cheer for Yorkhill kids". Celtic FC. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Wilson 1988, p. 174
- Wilson 1988, p. 176
- "Fergus the Celtic seer". The Scotsman. 29 February 2004. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Wilson 1988, pp. 174–177
- Morrow, Stephen. "If You Know The History ... A Study of Celtic". Singer & Friedlander Review 1999-00 Season Football. Archived from the original on 30 March 2005. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Wilson 1988, pp. 178–179
- Wilson 1988, pp. 179
- Cairney, John (2007). Heroes Are Forever: The Life and Times of Celtic Legend Jimmy McGrory. Mainstream Publishing Company (Edinburgh) Ltd. p. 69. ISBN 978-1845961039.
- "Enter the flawed disciplinarians...". The Glasgow Herald. 24 October 1984. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Wilson 1988, pp. 86–87
- Cuddihy, Paul (6 June 2014). "Ronny Deila is Celtic's No.17". Celtic FC. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Tommy Burns". The Scotsman. 15 May 2008. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- "Reign of the Big Two". Evening Times. 4 November 1986. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Shields, Tom (23 October 2005). "Celtic do the decent thing . . . TOM SHIELDS' SPORTS DIARY". Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Hay, Davie; Gordon, Alex (2009). The Quiet Assassin: The Davie Hay Story. Black and White Publishing. ISBN 978-1845022662. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- Wilson 1988, pp. 179–182
- Paul, Ian (4 May 1990). "Kelly, Dempsey given job of building Celtic's future". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Scott, Graham (4 May 1990). "Paradise promised". Evening Times. p. 76. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "Brian is voice of the fans". Daily Record. 4 March 1994. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Hamil, Sean; Michie, Jonathan; Oughton, Christine; Warby, Steven (2000). The Changing Face of the Football Business: Supporters Direct. Routlegdge. p. 72. ISBN 978-0714681634. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Football: Celtic at mercy of a power game: James Traynor on a critical meeting to decide the future of a club at war". The Independent. 21 November 1993. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "New Celtic team takes over. Three directors ousted as #17.8m rescue package pledged. The new team takes over with a promise". Herald Scotland. 5 March 1994. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Glenn, Patrick (29 February 2004). "Celtic, the house that McCann built". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
- "New Celtic team takes over. Three directors ousted as #17.8m rescue package pledged. The new team takes over with a promise". Herald Scotland. 5 March 1994. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Lomax, Andrew (3 October 2000). "McCann on the attack over Celtic criticism". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Kerr's Ceaucescu jibe at McCann". BBC Sport. 11 May 1999. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "McCann places Celtic shareholding on market". RTÉ Sport. 20 September 1999. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Markets lift on back of takeover bids". Irish Independent. 25 September 1999. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Celtic launch a £15m share issue". BBC Sport. 28 October 2005. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Celtic on target for training base after £15m raised from share issue". The Scotsman. 22 December 2005. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Watershed year ahead for Lennoxtown". Kirkintilloch Herald. 7 November 2007. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "2006 Deloitte Money Football League" (PDF). Deloitte. February 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-17. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "2008 Deloitte Money Football League" (PDF). Deloitte. February 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "Celtic plc preliminary results". Celtic FC. 15 August 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- "The world's most valuable football brands". Brand Finance. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- "Celtic break into global marketing top 50 but Ibrox crisis forces Rangers out". Daily Record. 24 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- "Charles Green can get rangers for a song says low". Daily Express. 29 May 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "First team". Celtic FC. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
- Campbell, Tom; Woods, Pat (1992). A Celtic A-Z. Greenfield Press. ISBN 978-0951950104.
- Kujawa, Krys. From Seville To Sevilla: The Story of Celtic's 2003/04 Season Lulu. ISBN 978-1-4717-2987-4. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Kujawa, Krys. From Seville To Sevilla: The Story of Celtic's 2003/04 Season Lulu. ISBN 978-1-4717-2987-4. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Celtic 2 – 0 Motherwell" BBC Sport. 8 August 2004. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- Johnstone, Darren (9 June 2016). "A look back at the career of Neil Lennon after former Celtic manager and captain is appointed Hibs head coach" Deadline News. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- "McManus named new Celtic captain" BBC Sport. 31 July 2007. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- "Scott Brown brimming with enthusiasm for another season as Celtic captain" The Scotsman. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- "Jinky best-ever Celtic player". BBC Sport. 9 September 2002. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Corporate – Board of Directors". Celtic FC. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- "Appointment of Financial Director". Celtic FC. 27 November 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- "Celtic – Managers". Soccerbase. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Hall of Fame". The Scottish Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "SFA Hall of Fame". Scotland Football Stats. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Players Capped When Playing With Celtic". Fitbastats. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Kenny Dalglish, MBE". Scottish Sports Hall of Fame. SportScotland / National Museums of Scotland. 2002. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- "Jimmy Johnstone". Scottish Sports Hall of Fame. SportScotland / National Museums of Scotland. 2002. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- "Jimmy McGrory". Scottish Sports Hall of Fame. SportScotland / National Museums of Scotland. 2004. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- "Billy McNeill, MBE". Scottish Sports Hall of Fame. SportScotland / National Museums of Scotland. 2002. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- "Jock Stein, CBE". Scottish Sports Hall of Fame. SportScotland / National Museums of Scotland. 2004. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
- "Celtic Football Club – honours". SPFL. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "About Celtic". Celtic FC. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "Past winners: 1963–1967: 1967 Winner". BBC Sport. 27 November 2003. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
- "And if you know the history... Statuette Of Samothrace,1970". The Celtic View. 23 February 2006. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 18 September 2015. The article states that it was L'Equipe that awarded the trophy, however the trophy is clearly inscribed by France Football as can been seen in this photo
- Stokkermans, Karel. "Domestic trebles". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
- "Competition History (By Season)". FitbaStats. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Hampden Park". Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- Warfield, Derek; Daly, Raymond (2008). Celtic & Ireland in Song and Story. Studio Print. ISBN 9781620957646. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- "Happy New Year for Celtic and Queens Park". The Glasgow Herald. 3 January 1938. p. 16. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- "Celtic in all time records". Soccerbase. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Hannan, Martin (2012). Hail! Hail!: Classic Celtic Old Firm Clashes. Mainstream Publishing. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- "81 fascinating football facts – all from the Wee Red Book". Evening Times. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Empire Exhibition Cup 1938". Celtic Programmes Online. Archived from the original on 30 October 2006.
- Brown, Alan. "Celtic FC's series of 62 matches unbeaten in Division One". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Football fortresses: Jose Mourinho makes it 100 not out". The Telegraph. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Dons see off confident Celtic". The Journal. 21 April 2004. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Scottish League Cup – History". 188 Football. Archived from the original on 2 September 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2009.
- "Celtic FC 1978/79". Celtic Programmes Online. Archived from the original on 14 March 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- "World Record and Statistics". World Football Historic Center. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Sullivan, Joe (14 January 2015). "Jimmy McGrory’s record goal-scoring day". Celtic FC. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Celtic vs Rangers – Old Firm's enduring appeal". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 15 December 2012.
- Campbell, Iain (25 August 2000). "O'Neill tells hat-trick hero Burch: You're not moving". Daily Record. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Celtic win SPL title". BBC Sport. 18 April 2004.
- "Celtic 1–0 Hearts". BBC Sport. 5 April 2006.
- "The BBC team" (PDF). BBC Press Office. 27 April 2006.
- ["Records". Scottish Premier League. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011.
- "Brown completes switch to Celtic". BBC Sport. 16 May 2007.
- "Celtic in record breaking transfer sale as Wanyama heads south". Scotzine. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Barefooted Indian who left Calcutta to join Celtic". The Scotsman. 12 December 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "The Gillie Heron story". BBC Caribbean. 9 January 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- Dell'Apa, Frank (4 December 2008). "Giles Heron: Played for Celtic, father of musician". boston.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Alltime Player Records". FitbaStats. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Filtered Player Records (League)". FitbaStats. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- Wilson 1988, p. 201
- McGuirk, Brian (April 2009). Celtic FC – the Ireland Connection. Black and White Publishing. ISBN 978-1845022488. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Cairney, John (2007). "McGrory statistics". style="font-size:0.8em; colour:White;">McGRAINubZsPO7Bg9yAZaeG3I0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CD4Q6AEwB2oVChMI8eeGlvvIxwIVrJrbCh1lKwFW Heroes are Forever: The Life and Times of Celtic Legend Jimmy McGrory Check
|url=value (help). Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 9781780570617.
- "The Most Goals Scored in a Single European Season". Sportige. 9 April 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- "Jimmy McGrory". World Football Legends. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Sponsors". Celtic FC. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- Campbell, Tom; Woods, Pat (1987). The Glory & The Dream. Grafton Books. ISBN 0-586-20005-3.
- Wilson, Brian (1988). Celtic – A Century With Honour. Willow Books. ISBN 0-00-218230-0.
- Inglis, Simon (1996). Football Grounds of Britain. Collins Willow. ISBN 0-00-218426-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Celtic F.C..|