Celyphidae

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Celyphidae
Celyphidae specimen.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Section: Schizophora
Subsection: Acalyptratae
Superfamily: Lauxanioidea
Family: Celyphidae

The Celyphidae, commonly known as beetle flies or beetle-backed flies, are a family of flies (order Diptera). About 90 species are known from the Oriental and Afrotropic biogeographic regions.

Description[edit]

Celyphidae are small to medium-sized and easily recognised. The scutellum is enlarged, forming a protective shell over the abdomen, giving them a beetle-like appearance. Also, like many beetles, Celyphidae are often shiny or metallic in color. The wings, when at rest, are folded beneath the scutellar "shell".

A live specimen from Shendurney Hills, Kerala, India

Biology[edit]

The biology of the family is poorly known. Adults are found in along streams and rivers, and in wet, grassy areas. Larvae are saprophagous.

Relatives[edit]

The Celyphidae family is considered by some authors to be the sister taxon of the Lauxaniidae (e.g., Griffiths 1972), and has occasionally been considered a specialized lineage arising from within the lauxaniids. The most recent classifications place this as the sister taxon to the Eurychoromyiidae.[1]

Plate from Revue et Magasin de Zoologie 1859 depicting Celyphus hyacinthus

Classification[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lauxanioidea Tree of Life Web Project
  2. ^ a b Tenorio, JoAnn M. (1969). "A Revision of the Celyphidae (DIPTERA) From the Philippine Islands". Pacific Insects. Hawaii Biological Survey. 11 (3-4): 579–611. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Frey, R. 1941. Die Gattungen und Arten der Dipterenfamilie Celyphidae. Notul. Entomol. 21: 3-16. Keys genera, species.
  • Vanschuytbroeck, P. 1959. Celyphidae (Diptera Acalyptratae). Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba Mission H. de Saeger 13: 27-44. Keys genera, species.
  • Tenorio, J.M. 1972. A revision of the Celyphidae (Diptera) of the Oriental Region. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 123: 359-453.
  • Paap, L. Celyphidae in Soós, Á, Paap, L. (Eds.) 1984 - 1992. Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera 9 . Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest - Elsevier, Amsterdam: 63-66..

External links[edit]

Data related to Celyphidae at Wikispecies