Cemal Reşit Rey

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Cemal Reşit Rey
Born(1904-10-25)25 October 1904
Jerusalem, Ottoman Empire
Died7 October 1985(1985-10-07) (aged 80)
Istanbul, Turkey
NationalityTurkish
OccupationComposer, pianist, screenwriter, conductor

Cemal Reşit Rey (Turkish pronunciation: [dʒeˈmaɫ ɾeˈʃit ɾej]) (25 October 1904 – 7 October 1985) was a Turkish composer, pianist, script writer and conductor. He was well known for a string of successful and popular Turkish-language operettas for which his brother Ekrem Reşit Rey (1900-1959) wrote the librettos.[1]

He was born on 25 October 1904 in Jerusalem and died on 7 October 1985 in Istanbul. He was one of the five pioneers of Western classical music in Turkey known as 'The Turkish Five' in the first half of the 20th century. Notable students include Yüksel Koptagel, a Turkish composer and pianist.

Works[edit]

Operas

  • La Geisha
  • Yann Marek (1920)
  • Faire sans dire (1920)
  • Sultan Cem (1922-23)
  • L'Enchantement (1924)
  • Zeybek (1926)
  • Köyde Bir Facia (1929)
  • Çelebi (1942-73)

Operettas

  • Le Petit Chaperon Rouge (1920)
  • Uç Saat (Three Hours, 1932)
  • Lüküs Hayat (The Luxurious Life, 1933)
  • Deli Dolu (Alive and Kicking, 1934)[2]
  • Saz Caz (1935)
  • Maskara (1936)
  • Hava-Civa (1937)
  • Yaygara 70 (1969-70)
  • Uy! Balon Dünya (1971)
  • Bir Istanbul Masali (1972)

Musical Reviews

  • Adalar Revüsü (1934)
  • Alabanda (1941)
  • Aldirma (1942)

For Theatre, Film and Radio

  • Özyurt (Prologue for soloist, chorus and orchestra)
  • For Shakespeare's Macbeth
  • For Shakespeare's Hamlet
  • For Shakespeare's King Lear
  • Lafonten Baba (Children's play with music and dance)
  • Batakli Damin Kizi Aysel (Film)
  • Benli Hürmüz (Radio)

Orchestral Works

  • La Legende du Bebek (Symphonic Poem)
  • Three Pieces for Orchestra
  • Scenes Turques
  • Karagöz
  • Paysages de Soleil
  • Instantanes (Impressions for orchestra)
  • Initiation (Symphonic Poem)
  • Symphony No. 1
  • L'Appel (Symphonic Poem)
  • Fatih (Le Conquerant) - Symphonic Poem
  • Scherzi symphoniques
  • Symphonic Concerto
  • Symphony No. 2
  • Türkiye (Symphonic Poem)
  • Ellinci Yila Giris (Symphonic Prelude commemorating 50 Years of the Turkish Republic)

Concertos and Concertante Works

  • Introduction and Dance for cello and Orchestra
  • Chromatic Concerto for piano and orchestra
  • Poème for Ondes Martenot (or flute) and strings
  • Violin Concerto
  • Concertante Pieces
  • Variations on an Old Istanbul Folk Song (Katibim) for piano and orchestra
  • Andante and Allegro for violin solo and string orchestra
  • Guitar Concerto
  • Concerto for Piano and Orchestra

Voice and Orchestra

  • Chants d'Anatolie (Four Songs, 1926)
  • Two Songs (1930)
  • Two Anatolian Folk Songs (1930)
  • Mystique (1938)
  • Vocalises-Fantaisie (1975)
  • Three Anatolian Folk Songs (1977)
  • Arrangements of Schubert, Brahms, Scarlatti, Paisiello for voice and strings

Choral Works

  • Çayir Ince (four-voice a cappella)
  • Anatolian Folk Songs (1926)
  • Ten Folk Songs (Four-voice chorus and piano, 1963)
  • Two Songs (A cappella women's chorus, 1936)

Voice and Piano

  • Je me demande (1919)
  • Three Melodies (1920)
  • Initiales sur un banc (1921)
  • CHanson du printemps (1922)
  • Au Jardin (1923)
  • L'Offrande Lyrique (Eight melodies, 1923)
  • Nocturne (1925)
  • Twelve Anatolian Folk Songs (1926)
  • Folk Songs (1928)
  • Twelve Melodies (1929)
  • Vatan (1930)
  • Four Melodies (1956)
  • Paris Sokaklari (Streets of Paris, 1981)

Chamber Music

  • Impressions of Anatolia for violin and piano
  • Piece for Woodwind Quintet
  • String Quartet
  • Short Piece for violin and piano
  • Piano Quartet
  • Sextet (Piano, voice and string quartet)
  • Instrumental Dialogue (Flute, harp, 2 horns and string quartet)

Solo Piano

  • Waltz (1912)
  • Sonata (1924)
  • Sari Zeybek (1926)
  • Scenes Turques (1928)
  • Souvenirs d'automne (?)
  • Sonatina (1928)
  • Paysages de soleil (1930-31)
  • Sonata (1936)
  • Pelerinages dans la Ville qui n'est plus souvenir (1940-41)
  • Fantasie (1948)
  • Two Pieces (1959)
  • Ten Folk Songs (1967)
  • Twelve Preludes and Fugues (1968-69)
  • Improvisation (1983)

Marches

  • Himayei-i Etfalin * Tenth Anniversary March of the Republic (1933)
  • Istiklal March (Revolutionary March)
  • Navy March (1935)
  • Yedeksubay March (1940)
  • Atatürk 100th Birthday March (1981)

Legacy[edit]

Cemal Reşit Rey Concert Hall in Istanbul is named after him.[3]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Ilyasoglu, Evin (1997). Cemal Resit Rey. Istanbul: Yapi Kredi Yayinlari. ISBN 9753636725.
  2. ^ Nail Tan Derlemeler makaleler 2007 Page 64 "Tespit edebildiğimiz kadarıyla Türk kompozitörlerin yarattıkları opera, bale, operet, oratoryo türündeki eserler şunlardır: ... Operetler: Lüküs Hayat (Cemal Reşit Rey) Deli Dolu (Cemal Reşit Rey).
  3. ^ http://www.crrks.org/

Further Reading

  • Aydin, Yilmaz (2002). Die Werke der 'Türkischen Fünf' im Lichte der Musikalischen Wechselbeziehungen zwischen der Türkei und Europa. Europäische Hochshculschriften, Peter Lang Publisher.