Cemetery of Zhenghaijun
The gravestone in Cemetery of Zheng-Hai-Jun
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Cemetery of Zheng-Hai-Jun (Chinese: 甲仙鎮海軍墓; pinyin: Jiǎxiān Zhèn Hǎijūn Mù; literally means "the corps of coast guard") is the monument the class of county in Taiwan. The grave located at No.58, Xiao-Lin Village (Chinese:小林村), Jiaxian District, Kaohsiung City and near No.21 provincial highway. There buried soldiers were guards of old road from Dapu Township, Chiayi County to Chihshang, Taitung County in Qing dynasty. There were 96 graves noted by Record of Jiasian Township in 1985, but now there only hold 85 graves.
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After Taiwan Expedition of 1874, Beijing government that was regnal by Tongzhi Emperor began to change the policy about development in eastern Taiwan. There were six roads to connect to west and Houshang(Chinese: 後山 Eastern Taiwan) went down from Chiayi city after 1874, but it was difficult to keep safe and unblocked in these roads. Indigenous people and bandit destroyed those roads soon, and there was only one way which names Road of Qinshuiying(Chinese: 浸水營古道)contact Fangliao, Pingtung to Balangwei(Chinese: 巴塱衛Dawu, Taitung today).
In 1885, the twelfth year of the reign of the Guangxu Emperor, the emperor commanded Liu Mingchuan(Chinese:劉銘傳) to go to Taiwan and take responsibility for its defense. For taking communication and administration purposes, Liu Mingchuang began design new roads through from west to east.
Liu Mingchuan commanded nominative General Yang Jinlong and Lieutenant General Zhang Gaoyuan leading their soldier seven tenth to build road for eastern from the base Chiayi. Gen. Yang Jinlong directed his troop Zhenghai middle corps, front battalion. (In the 19th century, battalion is the unit for main force controlled in China.) Gen. Zhang Gaoyuan directed his troop Zhenghai main corps, mail battalion, machine gun company. The total was about 1000 soldiers. The same year March, they arrived Chiayi, and advance Dapu that is a township in bound between Tainan and Chiayi in 18 March. They passed the headstream of Kaoping River and meted another troop building road from Taitung County led by Lieutenant General Zhang Zhaolian in the pass of Mount Guan. Cemetery of Zhenghaijun was in the historical road near old post of Zhenghai middle corps. Those soldiers died in infectious disease in hotly southern Taiwan.
- Lin li-chieh(林里傑), Record of Jiasian Township(甲仙鄉志), (Kaohsiung County Jiasian Township Office Press, 1985), p20.
- Wang yuan-zhi(王元穉), Jia Shu Gong Du Chao Cun(甲戌公牘鈔存), (Historical Research Commission of Taiwan Province Press, 1997, ISBN 957-00-9081-2), p128.
- Hu chuang(胡傳), Tai Wan Ri Ji Yu Bing Qi(臺灣日記與稟啟), (Historical Research Commission of Taiwan Province Press, 1997, ISBN 957-00-9049-9), p66.
- Liu Mingchuan, Liu Zhuang Su Gong Zou Yi(劉壯肅公奏議), (Historical Research Commission of Taiwan Province Press, 1997, ISBN 957-00-9224-6), p206.
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