Cen Shen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Cen Shen or Cen Can (traditional Chinese: 岑參; simplified Chinese: 岑参; pinyin: Cén Shēn; Wade–Giles: Ts'en Shen, or, sometimes, Ts'en Ts'an), also called Cen Jiazhou (Chinese: 岑嘉州; pinyin: Cén Jiāzhōu; Wade–Giles: Ts'en Chia-chou) (715–770), was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty. He was born to a bureaucratic family in Nanyang (in today's Henan), but later moved to Jiangling, Jizhou (in today's Hubei). His great-grandfather Cen Wenben, granduncle Cen Changqian and uncle Cen Xi were all chancellors. His father Cen Zhi was Governor (Cishi) of Jingzhou. When Cen Shen was 10, his father died, and the financial situation of his family worsened. After then, Cen was learning with assiduity, reading a lot of scriptures and history books. He moved to Chang'an when he was 20, and obtained jinshi, in 744. In 749, Cen's ambitions lead him towards a stint of military service which would last about ten years, where he served as a subordinate to General Gao Xianzhi, and, later, Feng Changqing.[1] In about 751, Cen met Gao Shi and Du Fu, and the three had become good friends.[2] All three were poets. Cen's other friend was the great Tang poet Li Bai, who composed a poem titled "Bring in the Wine", and included a verse which mentioned his friend Cen Shen. ..."To the old master, Cen"... Bring in the wine! Let your cups never rest! Let me sing you a song! Let your ears attend!"

Cen Shen lived through the period from 755 through 763 when the An-Shi disturbances shook the land, spreading civil war, disaster, and all sorts of turmoil throughout the northern parts of China.

During this period he held several assignments in the Central Asian outposts of the far-reaching Tang empire. Having supported the loyalist cause, he succeeded to a number of provincial posts (primarily in Sichuan) under the restoration until his retirement in 768.

Cen's early poems were always landscape poems, although this is not the case of his later ones.

Cen served in the northwest frontier territories area for about ten years, his experience in this area with its harsh climate and the relentless combat of the times made a deep impact on his poetry.[3]

Name[edit]

During the reign of Emperor Suzong he was made governor (長官) of Jia Prefecture (Jiazhou in Chinese), which earned him the name Cen Jiazhou.[4]

Poems[edit]

Seven of Cen Can's poems were included in the famous anthology Three Hundred Tang Poems, including, according to Witter Bynner:

  • ASCENDING THE PAGODA AT THE TEMPLE OF KIND FAVOUR WITH GAO SHI AND XUE JU
  • A SONG OF RUNNING-HORSE RIVER IN FAREWELL TO GENERAL FENG OF THE WESTERN EXPEDITION
  • A SONG OF WHEEL TOWER IN FAREWELL TO GENERAL FENG OF THE WESTERN EXPEDITION
  • A SONG OF WHITE SNOW IN FAREWELL TO FIELD-CLERK WU GOING HOME
  • A MESSAGE TO CENSOR DU FU AT HIS OFFICE IN THE LEFT COURT
  • AN EARLY AUDIENCE AT THE PALACE OF LIGHT HARMONIZING SECRETARY JIA ZHI'S POEM
  • ON MEETING A MESSENGER TO THE CAPITAL

His collected works are in scrolls (sections) 198 through 201 of the Collected Tang Poems.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liu and Lo, 558
  2. ^ Wu, 121
  3. ^ Davis, xi
  4. ^ Kanjigen entry "Cen Can" (Shinshin/Shinjin). Gakken 2006.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]