Cenchrus echinatus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cenchrus echinatus
Starr 010520-0041 Cenchrus echinatus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Cenchrus
Species: C. echinatus
Binomial name
Cenchrus echinatus

Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur,[1] spiny sandbur,[2] southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass.[3][4] It is native to North and South America.

It is a clump-forming annual grass growing up to 80 cm tall. The leaves occur with or without hairs and measure up to 12 mm wide. The ligule is a fringe of hairs. The grass has barbed burrs up 4–10 mm long.

In Australia it forms an invasive weed in coastal situations.[4]


  1. ^ "Cenchrus echinatus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 13 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ "University of Florida IFAS Extension Southern Sandspur (Southern Sandbur), Cenchrus echinatus L.". Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  4. ^ a b Cenchrus echinatus. Archived September 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. National Weeds Strategy.